Publications (2)0 Total impact
Article: Neurogenic Inflammation in Nasal Allergy: Histochemical and Pharmacological Studies in Guinea Pigs: A review[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The role of neuropeptides in nasal allergy was examined in guinea pigs by histochemical and pharmacological study. Intranasal application of toluene diisocynate (TDI) induced nasal allergy-like behaviors: sneezing and watery rhinorrhea, and decreased histamine content in the nasal mucosa in guinea pigs sensitized with TDI. The immunoreactivity of substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the nerve terminals in the nasal mucosa was increased after intranasal application of TDI. We also observed a decrease in the immunoreactivity of SP and CGRP, and an increase in their mRNA expression in the trigeminal ganglion neurons. These findings indicate that exposure to TDI enhanced the biosynthesis of both SP and CGRP in the trigeminal ganglion neurons and their axonal transportation to the terminals in the nasal mucosa. In animals pretreated with capsaicin before sensitization, TDI did not induce nasal allergy-like behaviors and histamine release in the nasal mucosa. Since capsaicin depletes SP and CGRP in the sensory nerves, this finding indicates neuropeptide-mediated histamine release in the nasal mucosa. All these findings suggest that, on exposure to TDI, the antidromic release of SP and CGRP in the nasal mucosa triggers the release of histamine, resulting in the development of symptoms of nasal allergy.07/2009; 113(s501):21-24.
Article: Nasal mucosa sensitization with toluene diisocyanate (TDI) increases preprotachykinin A (PPTA) and preproCGRP mRNAs in guinea pig trigeminal ganglion neurons[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Toluene diisocyanate (TDI) induces respiratory allergy in mammals. Using immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization histochemistry, the present study examined effects of nasal mucosa sensitization by TDI on the immunoreactivity for substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and on the expression of their mRNAs in guinea pig trigeminal ganglion and their terminals. Single intranasal application of TDI (acute experiment) did not induce nasal allergy-like behaviours and failed to cause changes of SP and CGRP immunoreactivity and in the expression of preprotachykinin A (PPTA) mRNA and preproCGRP mRNA coding for SP and CGRP respectively in the trigeminal ganglion neurons. However, repeated application of TDI (chronic experiment) caused a dramatic increase of SP and CGRP immunoreactivity in peripheral neurites of sensory nerves in the nasal mucosa but a slight increase in the spinal trigeminal nucleus, a decrease of the same immunoreactivities in the cell bodies of the trigeminal ganglion neurons, and an increase of the expression of PPTA and preproCGRP mRNA in the same neurons. These findings suggest that chronic exposure of the nasal mucosa to TDI apparently causes enhancement of both the biosynthesis of SP and CGRP and their axonal transport in the trigeminal system.Brain Research.
Osaka City University
Ōsaka-shi, Osaka-fu, Japan
- Department of Otolaryngology