[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently, the study of incorporating probability theory and fuzzy logic has received much interest. To endow the traditional fuzzy rule-based systems (FRBs) with probabilistic features to handle randomness, this paper presents a probabilistic fuzzy neural network (ProFNN) by introducing the probability of input linguistic terms and providing linguistic meaning into the connectionist architecture. ProFNN integrates the probabilistic information of fuzzy rules into the antecedent parts and quantifies the impacts of the rules on the consequent parts using mutual subsethood, which work in conjunction with volume defuzzification in a gradient descent learning frame work. Despite the increase in the number of parameters, ProFNN provides a promising solution to deal with randomness and fuzziness in a single frame. To evaluate the performance and applicability of the proposed approach, ProFNN is carried out on various benchmarking problems and compared with other existing models with a performance better than most of them.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fuzzy rule derivation is often difficult and time-consuming, and requires expert knowledge. This creates a common bottleneck in fuzzy system design. In order to solve this problem, many fuzzy systems that automatically generate fuzzy rules from numerical data have been proposed. In this paper, we propose a fuzzy neural network based on mutual subsethood (MSBFNN) and its fuzzy rule identification algorithms. In our approach, fuzzy rules are described by different fuzzy sets. For each fuzzy set representing a fuzzy rule, the universe of discourse is defined as the summation of weighted membership grades of input linguistic terms that associate with the given fuzzy rule. In this manner, MSBFNN fully considers the contribution of input variables to the joint firing strength of fuzzy rules. Afterwards, the proposed fuzzy neural network quantifies the impacts of fuzzy rules on the consequent parts by fuzzy connections based on mutual subsethood. Furthermore, to enhance the knowledge representation and interpretation of the rules, a linear transformation from consequent parts to output is incorporated into MSBFNN so that higher accuracy can be achieved. In the parameter identification phase, the backpropagation algorithm is employed, and proper linear transformation is also determined dynamically. To demonstrate the capability of the MSBFNN, simulations in different areas including classification, regression and time series prediction are conducted. The proposed MSBFNN shows encouraging performance when benchmarked against other models.