[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We experimentally demonstrate the entanglement of spatial modes between two photons propagating through separate few-mode optical fibers. Quantum states over the two lowest-order spatial modes are measured with highly efficient spatial-mode analyzers based on acousto-optics. Quantum state tomography verifies the entanglement of the spatial-domain Bell state.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We propose and demonstrate the scaling up of photonic graph states through path qubit fusion. Two path qubits from separate two-photon four-qubit states are fused to generate a two-dimensional seven-qubit graph state composed of polarization and path qubits. Genuine seven-qubit entanglement is verified by evaluating the witness operator. Six qubits from the graph state are used to demonstrate the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm for general two-bit functions with a success probability greater than 90%.