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ABSTRACT: To evaluate prenatal exposure to arsenic in the general population and its effects on birth size, we conducted a cross-sectional study in Dalian, China. Arsenic concentration in maternal and cord blood was detected by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry and its effects on birth size were analyzed by multivariate analysis and multiple linear regression analysis. Arsenic concentrations in cord blood were significantly lower than those in maternal blood. A significant positive correlation was shown between maternal and cord blood arsenic concentrations. Maternal arsenic concentration was negatively associated with birth weight, height and chest circumference, and fetal arsenic concentration was negatively associated with head circumference. Our results indicate that arsenic exposure at environmental levels in uterus may pose adverse effects on fetal development.
Biological trace element research 03/2012; 149(1):10-5. · 1.92 Impact Factor