Hiroko Gotoda

Sapporo Kosei General Hospital, Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan

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Publications (2)5.91 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by fibrofolliculomas, renal tumors, and pulmonary cysts with recurrent pneumothorax. Multiple pulmonary cysts and pneumothorax are the key signs for diagnosing BHD syndrome. The pathologic features of BHD pulmonary cysts, however, are poorly understood. This disorder is caused by mutations in the gene that encodes folliculin (FLCN). FLCN is regarded as a tumor suppressor; it mediates cellular activities by interacting with the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). In this study, we investigated the lungs of 11 patients from 9 BHD families. The majority of patients consulting doctors were women between 30 and 60 years of age who had pulmonary cysts and repeated pneumothoraces. Genomic DNA testing revealed 5 different mutation patterns. Histopathologic examination found that the inner surface of cysts was lined by epithelial cells, sometimes with a predominance of type II pneumocyte-like cuboidal cells. The cysts occasionally contained internal septa consisting of alveolar walls or showed an "alveoli within an alveolus" pattern. The cells constituting the cysts stained positive for phospho-S6 ribosomal protein expression, suggesting activation of the mTOR pathway. Although BHD pulmonary cysts are frequently misdiagnosed as nonspecific cystic diseases, they are distinctly different in histopathology from other bullous changes. Mechanical stress such as rupture and postrupture remodeling allows mesothelial invagination and fibrosis. Such modified BHD pulmonary cysts are virtually indistinguishable from nonspecific blebs and bullae. We propose a new insight, namely, that the BHD syndrome-associated pulmonary cyst may be considered a hamartoma-like cystic alveolar formation associated with deranged mTOR signaling.
    The American journal of surgical pathology 04/2012; 36(4):589-600. · 4.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Juxtaglomerular cell tumor (JGCT) generally affects adolescents and young adults. The patients experience symptoms related to hypertension and hypokalemia due to renin-secretion by the tumor. Grossly, the tumor is well circumscribed with fibrous capsule and the cut surface shows yellow or gray-tan color with frequent hemorrhage. Histologically, the tumor is composed of monotonous polygonal cells with entrapped normal tubules. Immunohistochemically, tumor cells exhibit a positive reactivity for renin, vimentin and CD34. Ultrastructurally, neoplastic cells contain rhomboid-shaped renin protogranules. Genetically, losses of chromosomes 9 and 11 were frequently observed. Clinically, the majority of tumors showed a benign course, but rare tumors with vascular invasion or metastasis were reported. JGCT is a curable cause of hypertensive disease if it is discovered early and surgically removed, but may cause a fatal outcome usually by a cerebrovascular attack or may cause fetal demise in pregnancy. Additionally, pathologists and urologists need to recognize that this neoplasm in most cases pursues a benign course, but aggressive forms may develop in some cases.
    Diagnostic Pathology 08/2011; 6:80. · 1.85 Impact Factor