[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The efficacy of omalizumab in severe asthma has been widely demonstrated. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of omalizumab in a real-life setting in Spain, particularly in those patients with immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels out of range.
Totally 266 uncontrolled severe asthma patients receiving high-dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) plus long-acting β2-agonist (LABA) were recruited. Main efficacy outcomes were asthma exacerbation rate (AER), asthma control test (ACT), and global evaluation of treatment effectiveness (GETE).
AER was reduced from 3.6 (3.6) in previous year to 0.67 (1.2) at 4 months (p < .05) and to 1.04 (1.8) at 2 years (p < .05). ACT increased significantly from 14.3 (4.7) at baseline to 18.4 (4.4) at 4 months (p < .05) and to 20.3 (4.0) (p < .05) at 2 years. After 4 months, 74.6% of patients had reached a good or excellent rate on the GETE scale (p < .05). This rate continued increasing up to 81.6% at 2 years. These efficacy results were similar for patients with "off-label" IgE > 700 IU/ml. At follow-up, maintenance treatment with oral steroids was discontinued in a considerable number of patients: from 89 to 19 (p < .05). Omalizumab was discontinued because of lack of efficacy only in 28/266 (10.5%) patients. Overall, 30 patients (11.4%) reported adverse events. Severe adverse events were not observed.
This real-life study confirms that omalizumab is very efficacious and very well tolerated in patients with uncontrolled severe asthma. Results did not vary in the subgroup of patients with IgE levels >700 IU/ml.
Journal of Asthma 03/2012; 49(4):416-22. · 1.85 Impact Factor