ABSTRACT: 1,25 Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (calcitriol) induces differentiation of HL-60 leukemia cells. We studied the in vitro effect of a physiological concentration of ascorbate as potentiator of 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3 [(OH)2D3] activity by determining different markers of differentiation: nitroblue tetrazolium reduction, nonspecific esterase activity, and the expression of CD11b and CD14 surface antigens. Nitroblue tetrazolium reduction and nonspecific esterase activity increased up to 50% in the presence of both 1,25 (OH)2D3 plus 0.2 mM ascorbate (ASC), compared with (OH)2D3 as a unique agent. ASC also increased the expression of specific surface antigens (CD11b and CD14) during differentiation induced by 1,25 (OH)2D3, the effect being more pronounced after 48 hours of treatment with 10(-8) M 1,25 (OH)2D3. Furthermore, 1,25 (OH)2D3 alone increased intracellular cAMP level during differentiation, and the addition of ASC increased its concentration from 60 to 100% above the level reached with 1,25 (OH)2D3 as unique agent. ASC did not enhance the antiproliferative effect of calcitriol, suggesting that it only affects the ability of 1,25 (OH)2D3 to promote differentiation of HL-60 cells.
Calcified Tissue International 11/1996; 59(4):277-82. · 2.38 Impact Factor