ABSTRACT: Lersivirine is a second-generation nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor undergoing clinical development for the treatment of HIV-1. An embryo-fetal developmental toxicity study was performed to evaluate the maternal and developmental toxicity of lersivirine in pregnant mice. Mated Crl:CD1(ICR) mice were administered 0, 150, 350, and 500 mg/kg lersivirine once daily by oral gavage on gestation days 6 to 17, followed by cesarean section on gestation day 18. The first 2 days of dosing for the high-dose group were done at 250 mg/kg to allow induction of hepatic metabolizing enzymes, after which the dose was increased to 500 mg/kg/day. This dosing paradigm allowed for maintenance of exposure in the high-dose group despite the considerable autoinduction that occurs in rodents following lersivirine treatment. Lersivirine did not cause an increase in external, visceral, or skeletal malformations. Intrauterine growth retardation, demonstrated by reduced fetal body weights and increased variations associated with delayed skeletal ossification, was noted at 350 and 500 mg/kg/day. The results of these studies indicate that lersivirine is not teratogenic in mice.
Birth Defects Research Part B Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology 03/2012; 95(3):225-30. · 1.93 Impact Factor