ABSTRACT: A capillary electrophoresis method for the simultaneous determination of the enantiomeric purity of dexamphetamine as well as the analysis of 1R,2S-(−)-norephedrine and 1S,2S-(+)-norpseudoephedrine as potential impurities has been developed and validated. Heptakis-(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-β-cyclodextrin was chosen as chiral selector upon a screening of neutral and charged cyclodextrin derivatives. Separation of the analytes was achieved in a fused-silica capillary at 20 °C using an applied voltage of 25 kV. The optimized background electrolyte consisted of a 0.1 M sodium phosphate buffer, pH 2.5, containing 10 mg/ml of the cyclodextrin. The assay was linear in the range of 0.06–5.0% of the impurities based on a concentration of 2.0 mg/ml dexamphetamine sulfate in the sample solution. Analysis of commercial dexamphetamine sulfate samples revealed the presence of 3–4% of levoamphetamine while norephedrine or norpseudoephedrine could not be detected, indicating that the compound was prepared by fractionated crystallization of racemic amphetamine. Comparison with polarimetric measurements indicated that dexamphetamine with an enantiomeric excess as low as 80% still passes the pharmacopeial test of specific rotation while an amount of 0.06% of levoamphetamine can be detected by capillary electrophoresis.
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis.