ABSTRACT: Seven patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and two patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) were transplanted from HLA-identical sibling donors with CD34(+) cell-enriched stem cells (HSCTs) without further immunosuppression. The myeloablative standard transplantation protocol was adapted to include transfusion of gene-modified donor T cells after HSCT. Donor T cells were transduced with the replication-deficient retrovirus SFCMM-3, which expresses herpes simplex thymidine kinase (HSV-Tk) and a truncated version of low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor (ΔLNGFR) for selection and characterization of transduced cells. Transduced T cells were detectable in all patients during follow-up for up to 5 years after transfusion. Proteomic screening for development of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD) was applied to five of the seven patients with AML. No positivity for the aGvHD grade II-specific proteomic pattern was observed. Only one patient developed aGvHD grade I. To date, three of the patients with AML relapsed; one responded to three escalating transfusions of lymphocytes from the original donor and is in complete remission. Two were retransplanted with non-T cell-depleted peripheral blood stem cells from their original donors and died after retransplantation of septic complications or relapse, respectively. In one patient with CML, loss of bcr-abl gene expression was observed after an expansion of transduced cells. Seven of nine patients are alive and in complete remission.
Human gene therapy 11/2010; 22(7):829-41. · 4.20 Impact Factor