ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the cytotoxicity of a Co–Cr
alloy used for the rapid manufacture of removable partial denture frameworks
using murine fibroblasts L929 cell lines and three test methods: the MTT (3-
(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, a yellow tetrazole)
assay, the agar diffusion test (ADT) and the dye exclusion test (DET).
Two groups of disc specimens (5 mm diameter, 1 mm thick) were fabricated.
The first group was cast using a conventional method (CM) in a Nautilus CC
casting. The second group was fabricated using selective laser melting (SLM)
in SLM Realiser The total cell number and viability of cells pre-incubated with
CM and SLM alloys were comparable to the control sample. Differences
between the growth inhibitory effects of the CM and SLM alloys in the MTT
assay were below 30 %. Results of two independent agar diffusion tests with
CM and SLM alloys showed neither detectable discoloration around or under
the discs nor a detectable difference in staining intensity. As the cell response
for both CM and SLM alloys was 0/0, the discs can be rated as non-cytotoxic.
The results suggested that the F75 Co–Cr alloy used for the SLM process did
not release harmful material that could cause acute effects against L929 cells
under the given experimental conditions.
Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 01/2011; · 0.88 Impact Factor