[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aims/background-In humans there are three phosphoglycerate mutase (PGM, EC 220.127.116.11) isoenzymes (MM, MB and BB) which have similar distribution and developmental pathways to creatine kinase (CK, EC 18.104.22.168) isoenzymes. Total serum PGM activity increases in acute myocardial infarction with the same time course as creatine kinase activity. The present study was undertaken to determine changes in the activity of PGM and its isoenzymes after acute myocardial infarction.Methods-PGM activity was measured spectrophotometrically, by coupling the formation of 2-phosphoglycerate from 3-phosphoglycerate with enolase, pyruvate kinase and lactate dehydrogenase catalysed reactions. Inter- and intra-assay reproducibility was assessed. PGM isoenzyme activities were measured using cellulose acetate electrophoresis.Results-Total PGM activity in serum was increased in patients with a confirmed diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. PGM activity peaked 12 to 24 hours after the onset of symptoms and returned to normal values within 48 hours. Electrophoretic analysis of serum from healthy subjects showed a band corresponding to BB-PGM and two other artefactual bands that did not correspond to adenylate kinase. After myocardial infarction, BB-PGM activity increased and MB-PGM and MM-PGM could be detected. On immunoblot analysis, normal serum contained an inactive form of MM-PGM with a smaller molecular weight than that of PGM tissue isoenzymes.Conclusions-Total serum PGM activity increased in patients with acute myocardial infarction, following the same temporal course as creatine kinase activity. The increase in MM-PGM and MB-PGM activities in these patients was not as high as expected. It is suggested that PGM isoenzymes, after release into the blood, undergo postsynthetic, probably proteolytic, transformation.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Vanadate and insulin were administered to diabetic (streptozotocin) rats to compare their effects on the activity and mRNA content of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase and L-type pyruvate kinase in the liver. The activity of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase in livers of diabetic rats was about 40% of that found in normal rats. A similar decrease was found for 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase content, measured by immunoprecipitation, and for mRNA, measured by hybridization of Northern blots. Administration of vanadate to the diabetic rats led to a progressive recovery of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase activity, and 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose- 2,6-bisphosphatase content and mRNA. This recovery, which was complete after 15 days of oral treatment, was also obtained after 60 h of insulin administration. L-type pyruvate kinase activity and mRNA were also decreased by about 70% in livers of diabetic rats. Both parameters normalized after 15 days of vanadate treatment, whereas insulin administration (60 h) raised L-pyruvate kinase mRNA three-fold above control values. Oral treatment for 15 days with vanadate can thus mimic the effect of insulin on both pyruvate kinase and 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6- bisphosphatase in livers of diabetic rats.