Inam Ullah Khan

University of Karachi, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan

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Publications (3)4.69 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Malaria is wide spread in poor world and its burden has been assessed by the enumeration of malarial parasites in blood of patients. This study was designed to find a relationship between social structure, and spread of malaria in Khyber agency. The average parasite density was 2050 parasite/μl in Khyber Agency. Due to economic and social setup most of the people have habit of sleeping in open air thus playing role in high malaria prevalence and Plasmodium vivax remains the prevalent species. Genetic study performed on 110 Blood samples showed less genetic diversity for both Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum. Eight alleles were distinguished both for Pvmsp 3α and Pvmsp 3β in total of 20 and 39 amplified samples of P. vivax respectively. Out of 17 samples amplified for P. falciparum 11 showed genotype K1 and 10 for MAD at Pfmsp-1 while 14 alleles were identified for 3D7/1C and two for FC27 of corresponding families of Pfmsp-2 gene. This shows that Plasmodium parasites are not genetically diverse in Khyber agency.
    Acta Parasitologica 12/2013; 58(4):564-9. · 1.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Malaria is one of the serious diseases threatening human health in Pakistan and contributes to a large proportion of the total malaria deaths in South Asia. However, little is known about the nature and extent of genetic diversity of the malarial parasites circulating in Pakistan. This study was designed to assess the infection status of Plasmodium and the genetic diversity of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum by analyzing msp-3α, msp-3β and msp-1, msp-2 genes respectively using allele specific nested PCR and RFLP assays. For this purpose, 130 field isolates were collected from the individuals who exhibited clinical symptoms associated with malaria in the Kohat region of Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa (KPK), Pakistan. Among 130 blood samples collected, P. vivax was detected in 105/130 (80.8%) and P. falciparum in 21/130 (16.2%). Mixed infections with both parasites were detected in 4/130 (3%) of the isolates. A large number of distinguishable alleles were found for msp genetic markers: 10 alleles for msp-3α and seven for msp-3β with one mixed infection in case of msp-3β. The genotyping of P. falciparum showed that K1+MAD20 mixed genotype was dominant in msp-1 and FC27 in msp-2. The results collectively suggest that P. vivax and P. falciparum populations in this region are highly polymorphic and mixed infections are prevalent.
    The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases: an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases 04/2012; 16(2):184-7. · 1.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bergenin is an isocoumarin natural product which aides in fat loss, healthy weight maintenance, enhancing the lipolytic effects of norepinephrine, inhibiting the formation of interleukin 1α and cyclooxygenases-2. Here we describe the anti-inflammatory activity of new bergenin derivatives 1-15 in the respiratory burst assay. Bergenin was isolated from the crude extract of Mallotus philippenensis after repeated column chromatography and was then subjected to chemical derivatization. The structures of all compounds were elucidated by NMR and mass spectroscopic techniques. Compound 2 was also studied using single crystal X-ray diffraction. Compounds 4, (54.5±2.2%) 5 (47.5±0.5%) 5, and 15 (86.8±1.9%) showed significant (P≤0.005) NO inhibitory activities whereas 6, 7, 11, 12 and 13 displayed moderate inhibitory activities that ranges between 16% and 31%. Furthermore compounds 4 and 15, were discovered as significant (P≤0.005) TNF-α inhibitors with 98% and 96% inhibition, respectively, while compounds 3, 5, 7, 8, 11, and 12 showed low level of TNF-α inhibition (0.4-28%). Compounds 8, 13 and 15 exhibited moderate anti-inflammatory IC(50) activities with 212, 222, and 253 μM, respectively, compared to the standard anti-inflammatory drug indomethacin as well as the parent bergenin compound. No cytotoxic effects could be detected when the compounds were tested on 3T3 cells up to concentrations of 100 μM.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 03/2012; 22(8):2744-7. · 2.65 Impact Factor