Li Wang

Chinese PLA General Hospital (301 Hospital), Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (586)1333.93 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The electromagnetic (EM) responses of a series of single layer and bilayer terahertz (THz) metamaterials (MMs) were systematically investigated. Bilayer split ring resonators (SRRs) consisting of different SRR units and/or surrounding dielectrics show an excellent capability to tailor and tune EM responses using the combined responses in the SRRs in different layers. By avoiding complex interactions between the layers, easy and quick design for complex multi-responses MMs can be carried out. This tailoring and tuning capability of bilayer MMs shows a great potential for many novel THz applications such as signature control, chem/bio detection, and multi-response sensors.
    Microelectronic Engineering 09/2015; 145. DOI:10.1016/j.mee.2015.03.015 · 1.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A photonic crystal fiber polarization rotator (PR) is proposed based on the topological Zeeman effect. The proposed PR is achieved by permanently twisting a segment of sixfold symmetric photonic crystal fiber with a matched length, and under the optimized parameters, the PR can offer an almost 100% polarization conversion ratio in the wavelength of 1.55-μm band (∼200 nm bandwidth) and a compact length of about 157 μm based on the numerical simulation result of the full-vector finite-element method. The proposed in-line PCF PR can be easily fabricated based on state-of-art PCF manufacturing, and it is a potential inexpensive candidate in the application of modern communication systems.
    Optics Letters 08/2015; 40(15):3448-3451. · 3.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The solubilization of rice protein isolates (RPIs) has been regarded as one of the critical and challenging processes affecting commercial availability. Simultaneous treatment with freezing and milling (freeze-milling) combined with alkali pretreatment can remarkably increase the maximum achievable amounts of soluble RPIs by up to 42 times. This study investigates the mechanism of solubilization of RPIs by freeze-milling (RPI(fm)). Structural analyses reveal that milling causes proteins to unfold with ice crystals formed inside protein bodies. Fluorescent and Fourier transform infrared spectra show that RPI(fm) possesses disrupted hydrophobic surface and exposed hydrophilic inner groups. Size exclusion chromatography results reveal that RPI(fm) exhibits disaggregation and strong water-protein interactions. These results indicate that freeze-milling may be a promising manufacturing technique in food industry. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Food Chemistry 07/2015; 178. DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.01.057 · 3.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of pH and ionic strength on gel formation and gel properties of cottonseed protein isolation(CPI) were studied using dynamic oscillatory rheometer, differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The gelation temperature was influenced by ionic strength; salt had a stabilization effect which inhibited CPI denaturation at higher salt concentrations resulting in higher gelling points. The strongest gel stiffness was made with 0.2 M NaCl. The pH also altered the denaturation temperature of the CPI; higher pH values resulted in higher denaturation temperatures. Maximum gel stiffness occurred at pH 3.8 in 0.5 M NaCl; higher or lower pH values resulted in reduced gel stiffness. The pH and NaCl also played a major role in the structure of gel networks formed by CPI. Lower pH and higher salt concentrations resulted in dense networks. These results are helpful to improve understanding of cottonseed protein, to control aggregation behavior, to improve the quality of cottonseed protein products, and to provide a theoretical base for its development and utilization.
    Food and Bioproducts Processing 06/2015; 96. DOI:10.1016/j.fbp.2015.06.004 · 2.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vaccination of infants beginning at birth is recommended to prevent Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in China. Compared to 5μg/dose vaccine administered in other regions in China, a three-dose HB recombinant yeast vaccine at 10μg/dose has been administered for infants within 24h after birth, 1 month and 6 months of age in Beijing since 2006. In a community-based retrospective cohort study, factors influencing immunologic vaccine response were evaluated. A total of 3670 infants who completed a 3-dose 10μg recombinant HB vaccine regimen and who born to hepatitis B antigen negative mothers were included. The effect on anti-HBs titers of maternal nutrient status, infants' birth condition, growth factors, timeliness of vaccination, dosing interval and the interval until post-vaccination serologic testing (PVST) were evaluated. A total of 3666 infants with no markers of HBV infection were included in analysis. The mean anti-HB titers were 1767.17mIU/ml. Only 16.9% of the infants completed their PVST within 30-59 days after the final dose of vaccination. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that delay in PVST (β=-0.097, p<0.0001) and maternal folic acid supplementation (β=0.067, p=0.002) were associated with log-transformed anti-HB titers. Also a trend toward significant association was observed between the calcium supplementation of infants and log-transformed anti-HBs titers (β=0.062, p=0.057). Longer interval between dose 2 and dose 3 was not observed to increase the anti-HB titers after cofactors adjustment. Our findings illustrate the importance of timing of PVST to avoid unnecessary revaccination. Multi-center large cohort studies should verify the effect and magnitude of folate and calcium supplementation on HB vaccine response. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Vaccine 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.06.018 · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Maize stover was ozonolyzed to improve the enzymatic digestibility. The interactive effect of sample particle size and moisture content on ozonolysis was studied. After ozonolysis, both lignin and xylan decreased while cellulose was only slightly affected in all experiments. It was also found that the smaller particle size is better for ozonolysis. The similar water activity of the different optimum moisture contents for ozonolysis reveals that the free and bound water ratio is a key factor of ozonolysis. The best result of ozonolysis was obtained at the mesh of -300 and the moisture of 60%, where up to 75% lignin was removed. The glucose yield after enzymatic hydrolysis increased from 18.5% to 80%. Water washing had low impact on glucose yield (less than 10% increases), but significantly reduced xylose yield (up to 42% decreases). The result indicates that ozonolysis leads to xylan solubilization. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Bioresource Technology 05/2015; 183. DOI:10.1016/j.biortech.2015.01.042 · 5.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the effects of barley antifreeze protein (BaAFP-1) on the thermal properties and water state of dough during freezing and freeze-thaw cycles. The thermal properties of treated and untreated fresh dough, including the apparent specific heat, freezing temperature, melting temperature, freezable water content and glass transition temperature were determined and compared. For frozen dough samples, the change in melting performance, freezable water content, pasting properties, moisture content, water mobility and water distribution during freezing and freeze-thaw cycles were analysed. The results demonstrated that the addition of BaAFP-1 increased the apparent specific heat of dough after freezing, increased the freezing temperature and the temperature range of the melting and glass transition temperatures, and decreased the melting enthalpy and freezable water content of fresh dough. The addition of BaAFP-1 also influenced the melting performance and gelation property of frozen dough after freeze-thaw cycles. It slowed the decrease in moisture content, weakened the influence of the freeze-thaw treatment on water mobility and influenced the water distribution in frozen dough.
    Food Hydrocolloids 05/2015; 47. DOI:10.1016/j.foodhyd.2014.12.025 · 4.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The unsupported Cu and Ag catalysts with different oxidation states were prepared, and their catalytic performances for propylene epoxidation were investigated. The metallic Cu catalyst exhibits much higher catalytic activity and propylene oxide (PO) selectivity than Cu2O and CuO catalysts. The Cu0 species are the main active sites for propylene epoxidation, but Cu2O and CuO species are in favor of CO2 and acrolein production. The PO selectivity of 54.2 % and propylene conversion of 2.6 % can be achieved over the metallic Cu catalyst at 160 °C in initial stage, but metallic Cu catalyst would be oxidized to Cu2O during propylene epoxidation, resulting in a sharp decrease in the PO selectivity and propylene conversion. Nanosize AgCu x bimetallic catalysts were prepared. It is found that adding Ag to the metallic Cu catalysts can prevent the oxidation of Cu and make AgCu x bimetallic catalysts more stable under the condition of propylene epoxidation. The Ag/Cu molar ratio can remarkably affect the catalytic performance of AgCu x catalyst and the selectivity to PO and acrolein. After AgCu x was supported on MO x -modified α-Al2O3, its catalytic performance can be improved and has a close relationship with the acid-base property of support.
    Rare Metals 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12598-015-0500-y · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Parishin, is a dominant active ingredient originating from Gastrodia elata Blume, has great neuroprotective effects against brain disorders. In the present study, metabolic profile of parishin by in vitro and in vivo experiments was investigated using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC/Q-TOF MS) combined with an automated MS(E) technique. By comparison with reference compounds, accurate mass measurement, the characteristic fragmentation patterns of the parent drug parishin and gastrodin, and relevant bio-transformation knowledge, fourteen metabolites (seven hydrolyzates and seven derivatives of gastrodin) were detected and identified in rat plasma and urine after intragastric administration of parishin, including processes of hydrolyzation, oxidation, sulfation and glucuronidation. According to the proposed metabolic pathways of parishin, in vitro hydrolytic experiments and metabolic study of gastrodin in rat plasma, it can be inferred that parishin mainly functions as a prodrug and undergoes hydrolysis before being absorbed into the blood. The hydrolyzate, mainly gastrodin, was involved in further metabolism which was responsible for pharmacological activities of parishin. In conclusion, this work provided valuable information on parishin metabolism using the rapid and reliable UHPLC/Q-TOF MS method, which could be widely used for the metabolic investigation of natural product. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Biomedical Chromatography 05/2015; DOI:10.1002/bmc.3516 · 1.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The New World is the last continent colonized by anatomically modern humans, Homo sapiens. The first migrants entered the New World from Asia through Beringia. It is suggested that there were three streams of Asian gene flow, one major and two additional minor gene flows. The first major migrants took a Pacific coastal route and began spreading to the American continent before the opening of the ice-free corridor. We investigated the diversity of full-length mitochondrial DNA genomes of the Zapotec population, residing in the Mesoamerican region, and reconstructed their demographic history using Bayesian Skyline Plots. We estimated the initial date of gene flow into the New World by Zapotec ancestors at around 17 000-19 000 years ago, which is highly concordant with previous studies. We also show a population decline after the initial expansion. This decline started 4000 years ago, long before European contact with Native Americans. This indicates that other factors including climate change should be considered to explain the observed demographic pattern.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 21 May 2015; doi:10.1038/jhg.2015.55.
    Journal of Human Genetics 05/2015; DOI:10.1038/jhg.2015.55 · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antifreeze proteins from cold-acclimated malting barley were extracted by infiltration-centrifugation. The infiltration time was optimised, and its extraction effect was evaluated. The effect of cold acclimation on the accumulation of barley antifreeze proteins (BaAFPs) was assessed by comparing the thermal hysteresis activities (THA) of proteins extracted from both cold acclimated and non-cold acclimated barley grain. Ultra-filtration, ammonium precipitation and column chromatography were used successively to purify the BaAFPs, and MALDI-TOF-MS/MS was used for protein identification. The results showed that infiltration-centrifugation was more targeted than the traditional method, and 10h was the optimal infiltration time. THA was observed only after cold acclimation implied that AFPs only began to accumulate after cold acclimation. After purification, BaAFP-I was obtained at an electrophoresis level and its THA was 1.04°C (18.0mgml(-1)). The mass fingerprinting and sequencing results indicated the homology of the BaAFP-I to alpha-amylase inhibitor BDAI-1 (Hordeum vulgare). Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Food Chemistry 05/2015; 175:74-81. DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.11.027 · 3.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study has investigated the effect of different types of commercial oils (rice bran oil, shortening oil, high-oleic rapeseed oil, low-erucic-acid rapeseed oil, blend oil A, and blend oil B) and frying cycles on acrylamide formation during the preparation of French fries by deep frying. Frying was carried out in intermittent mode (2 batches each for 12 min without any time lag) and repeated for 600 frying cycles. Results indicated that the French fries that were fried in oils having lower heat transfer coefficients contained lower acrylamide concentrations (913 µg/kg), whereas those fried with oils having higher heat transfer coefficients contained higher acrylamide concentrations (1219 µg/kg). Unlike peroxide value, acrylamide levels in French fries did not change significantly with an increase in the number of frying cycles when tested for 600 frying cycles for every type of oil. This study clearly indicates that the contribution of frying oils to the formation of acrylamide should not be neglected due to their different heat transfer coefficients. On the other hand, continuous use of frying oil does not lead to a higher acrylamide concentration in French fries.
    Food Additives and Contaminants - Part A Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure and Risk Assessment 05/2015; DOI:10.1080/19440049.2015.1045559 · 2.34 Impact Factor
  • Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 05/2015; 81(5):AB563. DOI:10.1016/j.gie.2015.03.1836 · 4.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A method to monitor endocrine-disrupting chemical contamination phthalate esters (PAEs) by surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy has been investigated. The molecular structure and assignment of the vibrations of dimethyl phthalate (DMP), forming short chains in PAEs, has been studied by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The structure of DMP with the dihedral angles of 1C-6C-11C-13O and 4C-5C-18C-20O being 133.78° and -24.00°, respectively, has the lowest energy. Theoretical vibrational frequencies using B3LYP/6-31+G(d) (after scaling) show excellent agreement with the experimental normal Raman spectrum. In the region 200-1800 cm−1, SERS spectra of DMP were measured using ordered gold nanosubstrates. All except the weak signals in the normal Raman spectrum of DMP were successfully enhanced. These results demonstrate that SERS technology could be developed as a rapid method for screening of DMP.
    Vibrational Spectroscopy 05/2015; 79. DOI:10.1016/j.vibspec.2015.05.002 · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this letter, a new phase-shifted corrugated long-period fiber grating (PS-CLPFG) manufacture method is proposed based on burning the fiber coating and etching cladding method. We analyze the effect of phase amplitude, locations, and numbers on transmission spectrum. A proof-of-concept experiment is performed, and a good agreement of theoretical analysis and experiment results is obtained. In addition, a relative easier method to control band-pass and band-rejection characteristics is reached. Moreover, the obvious sidelobes in the passband of multiple-π PS-CLPFG can be effectively suppressed.
    Journal of Modern Optics 04/2015; 62(7). DOI:10.1080/09500340.2014.992993 · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A carbapenem-nonsusceptible Enterobacter aerogenes strain named 3-SP was isolated from a human case of pneumonia in a Chinese teaching hospital. NDM-1 carbapenemase is produced by a pNDM-BJ01-like conjugative plasmid designated p3SP-NDM to account for carbapenem resistance of 3-SP. p3SP-NDM was fully sequenced and compared with all publically available pNDM-BJ01-like plasmids. The genetic differences between p3SP-NDM and pNDM-BJ01 include only 18 single nucleotide polymorphisms, a 1 bp deletion and a 706 bp deletion. p3SP-NDM and pNDM-BJ01 harbor an identical Tn125 element organized as ISAba125, bla NDM-1, ble MBL, ΔtrpF, dsbC, cutA, ΔgroES, groEL, ISCR27, and ISAba125. The bla NDM-1 surrounding regions in these pNDM-BJ01-like plasmids have a conserved linear organization ISAba14-aphA6-Tn125-unknown IS, with considerable genetic differences identified within or immediately downstream of Tn125. All reported pNDM-BJ01-like plasmids are exclusively found in Acinetobacter, whereas this is the first report of identification of a pNDM-BJ01-like plasmid in Enterobacteriaceae.
    Frontiers in Microbiology 04/2015; 6. DOI:10.3389/fmicb.2015.00294 · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    Li Wang · Jing Li · Jing Zhao · Chaoying He
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    ABSTRACT: Morphological variations of fruits such as shape and size, and color are a result of adaptive evolution. The evolution of morphological novelties is particularly intriguing. An understanding of these evolutionary processes calls for the elucidation of the developmental and genetic mechanisms that result in particular fruit morphological characteristics, which determine seed dispersal. The genetic and developmental basis for fruit morphological variation was established at a microevolutionary time scale. Here, we summarize the progress on the evolutionary developmental genetics of fruit size, shape and color in the Solanaceae. Studies suggest that the recruitment of a pre-existing gene and subsequent modification of its interaction and regulatory networks are frequently involved in the evolution of morphological diversity. The basic mechanisms underlying changes in plant morphology are alterations in gene expression and/or gene function. We also deliberate on the future direction in evolutionary developmental genetics of fruit morphological variation such as fruit type. These studies will provide insights into plant developmental processes and will help to improve the productivity and fruit quality of crops.
    Frontiers in Plant Science 04/2015; 6. DOI:10.3389/fpls.2015.00248 · 3.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, a novel processing technology was developed to selectively modify brown rice by combining ultrasound and enzyme action. The microstructure of the brown rice surface and the cooking, hydration, pasting, textural properties and sensory attributes of treated brown rice were investigated. The taste value of cooked rice was also studied using a rice taste analyzer. The ultrasonic-enzyme treatment resulted in a loss in the natural morphology of the rice bran, allowing water to penetrate into the rice kernels easily during cooking. Furthermore, the conversion rate of bound to structured water, which is related to the pasting properties of rice, was significantly increased by ultrasonic-enzyme treatment. Brown rice treated with ultrasonic-enzyme provided the lowest cooking time and the highest peak, hold and final viscosities among the groups investigated. Furthermore, the cooked brown rice presented a softer texture and was easier to chew. The taste value of the cooked brown rice increased from 45 to 59 after ultrasonic-enzyme treatment. Sensory analysis showed that odor and flavor of the cooked brown rice were also significantly improved (p<0.05). All these results indicate a great improvement in eating quality. Thus, ultrasonic-enzyme treatment can be used to produce quick-cooking brown rice with high quality.
    Journal of Cereal Science 04/2015; 63. DOI:10.1016/j.jcs.2015.03.002 · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell membrane affinity screening method was developed to separate targeted antimicrobial peptides from the pepsin hydrolyzate of bovine casein. S. cerevisiae cell membranes were first immobilized on the surface of the silica gel to construct an affinity binding medium. A membrane-binding fraction was successfully screened by comparing the RP-HPLC fingerprint chromatograms of the hydrolyzate before and after adsorption with the adsorption medium. The amino acid sequence of the peptide was identified as LRLKKYKVPQL with the use of a matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometer. The sequence corresponded to amino acid residues 99–109 of bovine αS1-casein. The results indicated that it is feasible to target screen antimicrobial peptides from protein hydrolyzate using S. cerevisiae cell membranes. The influences of thermal treatment, pH, ions, and enzymes on the activity of the purified peptide were also determined. The activity of the peptide was relatively thermally stable and was pH dependent. It retained more than 90% of its activity in the presence of 15% Na+, K+ and pepsin. Trypsin, proteinase K, divalent cation Mg2+ and Ca2+ reduced the activity to different extents. The peptide also showed antibacterial effectiveness in fresh pear juice. These observations provide further information on the application of protein-derived antimicrobial peptides in food systems.

Publication Stats

5k Citations
1,333.93 Total Impact Points


  • 2015
    • Chinese PLA General Hospital (301 Hospital)
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Institute of Chemistry and Materials
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
    • 307 Hospital of the Chinese People's Liberation Army
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Chongqing Medical University
      Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China
  • 2013–2015
    • Hangzhou Normal University
      Hang-hsien, Zhejiang Sheng, China
    • Guilin University of Electronic Technology
      Ling-ch’uan, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, China
    • Capital Medical University
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Xuzhou Medical College
      Suchow, Jiangsu Sheng, China
  • 2012–2015
    • Nankai University
      • Institute of Modern Optics (IMO)
      T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China
    • Beijing Normal University
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Liaoning ShiHua University
      Fu-shan, Liaoning, China
    • Natural History Museum, London
      • Department of Botany
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom
    • South China Agricultural University
      • College of Food Science
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2011–2015
    • Peking University
      • Institute of Molecular Medicine
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Chinese Center For Disease Control And Prevention
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • South China Institute Of Environmental Sciences
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
    • Soochow University (PRC)
      Wu-hsien, Jiangsu Sheng, China
    • China Agricultural University
      • College of Biological Sciences
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2007–2015
    • East China University of Science and Technology
      • School of Materials Science and Engineering
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
    • Jiangnan University
      • School of Food Science and Technology
      Wu-hsi, Jiangsu Sheng, China
    • Yangtze University
      • School of Food Science and Technology
      Hu-pei-ts’un, Shanxi Sheng, China
    • Beijing Cancer Hospital
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2006–2015
    • Peking Union Medical College Hospital
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2003–2015
    • Jilin University
      • • College of Chemistry
      • • State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative
      • • State Key Laboratory of Supramolecular Structure and Materials
      • • Department of Chemistry
      • • State Key Lab of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
      • • Department of Molecular Biology
      Yung-chi, Jilin Sheng, China
  • 2001–2015
    • Chinese Academy of Sciences
      • • State Key Laboratory of Microbial Resources
      • • Institute of Psychology
      • • State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry
      • • Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Life Science
      • • Institute of Biophysics
      • • Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics
      • • State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics
      • • Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Shandong University of Technology
      Chi-nan-shih, Shandong Sheng, China
  • 2014
    • Hefei Institute of Physical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences
      Luchow, Anhui Sheng, China
    • Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology
      Hsi-ning-shih, Qinghai Sheng, China
    • Beijing University of Technology
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2013–2014
    • Zhejiang Normal University
      Jinhua, Zhejiang Sheng, China
  • 2012–2014
    • Fourth Military Medical University
      • • Department of Pathology and Pathophysiology
      • • Department of Clinical Aerospace Medicine
      Xi’an, Liaoning, China
  • 2011–2014
    • Guangdong University of Petrochemical Technology
      Hsin-p’o, Guangdong, China
  • 1998–2014
    • Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics
      Lü-ta-shih, Liaoning, China
  • 2012–2013
    • Shantou University
      • Marine Biology Institute
      Swatow, Guangdong, China
  • 2009–2013
    • Yunnan Agricultural University
      Panlong, Shaanxi, China
    • Harbin Institute of Technology
      • School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering
      Charbin, Heilongjiang Sheng, China
  • 2007–2013
    • Lanzhou Jiaotong University
      Kao-lan-hsien, Gansu Sheng, China
  • 2009–2012
    • Tsinghua University
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Department of Electronic Engineering
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2003–2012
    • Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2010–2011
    • Jiangsu University
      • School of Pharmacy
      Chenkiang, Jiangsu Sheng, China
    • Academy of Chinese Culture of Health Sciences
      Florida, United States
    • China University of Mining Technology
      Suchow, Jiangsu Sheng, China
    • Nanjing Agricultural University
      • College of Animal Science and Technology
      Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China
    • Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, CAS
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Liaocheng Teachers University
      Tungchangfu, Shandong Sheng, China
  • 2009–2011
    • University of Science and Technology Liaoning
      Аньшань, Liaoning, China
  • 2008–2011
    • University of Southampton
      • • Faculty of Physical and Applied Sciences
      • • Department of Electronics and Computer Science (ECS)
      Southampton, England, United Kingdom
  • 2006–2010
    • South China University of Technology
      • • Department of Chemical Engineering
      • • Institute of Polymer Optoelectronic Materials Components
      • • Key Lab for Special Functional Materials, Ministry of Education
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2005–2010
    • Dalian University of Technology
      • • State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals
      • • School of Chemical Engineering
      Lü-ta-shih, Liaoning, China
    • Beijing Institute Of Technology
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Academy of Military Medical Sciences
      T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China
    • University of Connecticut
      Storrs, Connecticut, United States
  • 2004–2010
    • Tongji University
      • Department of Physics
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
    • National Space Science
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2007–2009
    • Tianjin University
      • School of Electrical Engineering and Automation
      T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China
  • 2007–2008
    • Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2005–2008
    • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
      • Institute of Basic Medical Sciences (IBMS)
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2001–2006
    • Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2004–2005
    • Beijing Jiaotong University
      • Institute of Optoelectronics Technology
      Beijing, Beijing Shi, China
  • 2002–2004
    • Keio University
      • Department of Applied Chemistry
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan