ABSTRACT: To elucidate the role of the sugar moiety in the two natural nucleotides of the 3'-overhang region of small interfering RNA (siRNA), we synthesized siRNAs that incorporated two abasic nucleosides, 1-deoxy-D-ribofuranose (R(H)). We improved the method for preparing an O-protected abasic nucleoside, 1-deoxy-2,3,5-tri-O-benzoyl-β-D-ribofuranose, via the reductive cleavage of the anomeric position of 1-O-acetyl-2,3,5-tri-O-benzoyl-β-D-ribofuranose. To incorporate R(H) into oligonucleotides by the standard phosphoramidite solid phase method, R(H) was converted into its phosphoramidite derivative and the solid support linked to a controlled pore glass resin. Chemically modified RNAs possessing R(H) at the 3'-overhang region were easily prepared in good yields. siRNAs containing R(H) showed moderate nuclease-resistance and a desirable knockdown effect.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 02/2012; 22(7):2518-21. · 2.65 Impact Factor