Dan Zhang

Nanfang Hospital, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

Are you Dan Zhang?

Claim your profile

Publications (4)6.93 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Vitamin D exerts profound effects on airway epithelial cells. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) derived from airway epithelial cells plays a role in the innate and antigen‑specific adaptive immune responses. However, the effect of vitamin D on TSLP expression in airway epithelial cells is unclear. In this study, 16-HBE human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells were cultured with various concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25 D3) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25 D3). The expression of TSLP in the 16-HBE human bronchial epithelial cell line was analyzed by PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). We found that the 16-HBE cells converted inactive 25 D3 to active 1,25 D3 and that TSLP mRNA and protein expression levels were significantly increased, peaking at 2 or 12 h in the cells exposed to 500 nM 25 D3 and 50 nM 1,25 D3 respectively. Since vitamin D3 upregulated protein 1 (VDUP1) plays a multifunctional role in a variety of cellular responses, we hypothesized that VDUP1 is involved in the induction of TSLP production by 25 D3. The results showed that the mRNA and protein levels of VDUP1 were significantly upregulated by vitamin D. Furthermore, the silencing of VDUP1 by small interfering RNA (siRNA) significantly inhibited the 25 D3- and 1,25 D3-mediated induction of TSLP expression. To characterize the metabolic properties of vitamin D in airway epithelial biology, we used the chemical inhibitor of 1α-hydroxylase, itraconazole. The results revealed that itraconazole (10-6 M) reduced the 25 D3- but not the 1,25 D3-induced TSLP expression in 16-HBE cells. Based on these data, it can be concluded that vitamin D increases TSLP expression in 16-HBE cells through the VDUP1 pathway, which suggests a novel mechanism by which vitamin D alters immune function in the lungs.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 04/2013; · 1.96 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Damage-associated molecular pattern molecules such as high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of asthma. The aim of our study was to examine the induced sputum and plasma concentrations of HSP70 in asthmatic patients to determine their relationship with airway obstruction. Thirty-four healthy controls and 56 patients with persistent bronchial asthma matched for gender and age were enrolled in this study. Spirometry measurements were performed before sputum induction. HSP70 levels in induced sputum and plasma were measured using the ELISA Kit. Sputum and plasma concentrations of HSP70 in asthmatics patients were significantly higher than that in control subjects (sputum, (0.88 ng/ml (0.27–1.88 ng/ml) versus 0.42 ng/ml (0.18–0.85 ng/ml), p < 0.001); plasma, (0.46 ng/ml (0.20–0.98 ng/ml) versus 0.14 ng/ml (0.11–0.37 ng/ml), p < 0.001) and were significantly negatively correlated with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), FEV1 (percent predicted), and FEV1/FVC in all 90 participants and 56 patients with asthma. There were no significant differences in HSP70 levels between patients with eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic asthma. HSP70 levels in plasma were positively correlated with neutrophil count, and HSP70 levels in induced sputum were positively correlated with lymphocyte count. In multivariate analysis, independent predictors of sputum HSP70 were diseases and disease severity but not smoking, age, or gender, and independent predictors of plasma HSP70 were also diseases and disease severity. In conclusion, this study indicates that induced sputum and plasma HSP70 could serve as a useful marker for assessing the degree of airway obstruction in patients with asthma. However, further investigation is needed to establish the role of circulating and sputum HSP70 in the pathogenesis of asthma.
    Cell Stress and Chaperones 07/2011; · 2.48 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Damage-associated molecular pattern molecules such as high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of asthma. The aim of our study was to examine the induced sputum and plasma concentrations of HSP70 in asthmatic patients to determine their relationship with airway obstruction. Thirty-four healthy controls and 56 patients with persistent bronchial asthma matched for gender and age were enrolled in this study. Spirometry measurements were performed before sputum induction. HSP70 levels in induced sputum and plasma were measured using the ELISA Kit. Sputum and plasma concentrations of HSP70 in asthmatics patients were significantly higher than that in control subjects (sputum, (0.88 ng/ml (0.27-1.88 ng/ml) versus 0.42 ng/ml (0.18-0.85 ng/ml), p < 0.001); plasma, (0.46 ng/ml (0.20-0.98 ng/ml) versus 0.14 ng/ml (0.11-0.37 ng/ml), p < 0.001) and were significantly negatively correlated with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), FEV1 (percent predicted), and FEV1/FVC in all 90 participants and 56 patients with asthma. There were no significant differences in HSP70 levels between patients with eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic asthma. HSP70 levels in plasma were positively correlated with neutrophil count, and HSP70 levels in induced sputum were positively correlated with lymphocyte count. In multivariate analysis, independent predictors of sputum HSP70 were diseases and disease severity but not smoking, age, or gender, and independent predictors of plasma HSP70 were also diseases and disease severity. In conclusion, this study indicates that induced sputum and plasma HSP70 could serve as a useful marker for assessing the degree of airway obstruction in patients with asthma. However, further investigation is needed to establish the role of circulating and sputum HSP70 in the pathogenesis of asthma.
    Cell Stress and Chaperones 06/2011; 16(6):663-71. · 2.48 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of dimethylsulfoxide on the expression of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) in human bronchial epithelial cell (HBE). 16HBE cells were incubated in the presence of dimethylsulfoxide at different concentrations, and the cell proliferation changes were observed. The expressions of TSLP mRNA and protein in the cells were detected by real-time quantitative PCR and ELISA, respectively. Dimethylsulfoxide induced significantly increased TSLP mRNA expression in HBE cells (P<0.01) in a concentration-dependent manner. The level of TSLP protein in the supernatant was also increased after dimethylsulfoxide treatment, but high concentration of dimethylsulfoxide resulted in e inhibited cell proliferation. Dimethylsulfoxide may affect the immunomodulatory function of HBE cells.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 05/2010; 30(5):963-5.