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Publications (3)8.15 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Tubulointerstitial injuries are known to predict the deterioration of renal function in chronic kidney disease (CKD). We recently reported the protective role of Vasohibin-1(VASH-1), a negative feedback regulator of angiogenesis, in diabetic nephropathy, but its impact on tubulointerstitial injuries remains to be elucidated. In the present study, we evaluated the role of endogenous VASH-1 in regulating the tubulointerstitial alterations induced by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO), and assessed its role on fibrogenesis and the activation of Smad3 signaling in renal fibroblasts. UUO was induced in female Vasohibin-1 heterozygous knockout mice (VASH-1+/−) or wild-type (WT) (VASH-1+/+) littermates. Mice were sacrificed on Day 7 after left ureter ligation, and the kidney tissue was obtained. Interstitial fibrosis, the accumulation of type I and type III collagen and monocytes/macrophages infiltration in the obstructed kidneys (OBK) were significantly exacerbated in VASH-1+/− mice compared with WT mice (Day 7). The increases in the renal levels of TGF-β1, pSmad3, NF-κB pp65, CCL2 mRNA, and the number of interstitial fibroblast-specific protein-1 (FSP-1)+ fibroblasts in the OBK were significantly aggravated in VASH-1+/− mice. In addition, treatment with VASH-1 siRNA enhanced the TGF-β1-induced phosphorylation of Smad3, the transcriptional activation of the Smad3 pathway and the production of type I/type III collagen in fibroblasts, in vitro. Taken together, our findings demonstrate a protective role for endogenous VASH-1 on tubulointerstitial alterations via its regulation of inflammation and fibrosis and also show the direct anti-fibrotic effects of VASH-1 on renal fibroblasts through its modulation of TGF-β1 signaling.
    Physiological Reports. 06/2014; 2(6).
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    ABSTRACT: Vasohibin-1 (VASH-1) is a negative feedback regulator of angiogenesis, and a small vasohibin-binding protein (SVBP) serves as its secretory chaperone and contributes to its antiangiogenic effects. In the present study, we aimed to define the clinical significance of VASH-1 and SVBP in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We recruited 67 Japanese hospitalized patients with renal disorders with (n = 45) or without (n = 22) renal biopsy samples and 10 Japanese healthy controls. We evaluated the correlations between the plasma and urinary levels of VASH-1/VASH-1-SVBP complex/SVBP and the clinicopathological parameters. The plasma levels of VASH-1 were inversely correlated with age and systolic and diastolic blood pressure and positively correlated with crescent formation. Increased plasma and urinary levels of VASH-1 and VASH-1-SVBP complex were significantly correlated with worse renal outcomes. These results demonstrate an association between elevated urinary and plasma levels of VASH-1 and progressive decline of the renal function, thus suggesting a potential role for VASH-1 in predicting a worse renal prognosis in patients with renal disease, including CKD.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(6):e96932. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tubulointerstitial injuries are crucial histological alterations that predict the deterioration of renal function in chronic kidney disease. ONO-1301, a novel sustained-release prostacyclin analog, accompanied by thromboxane synthase activity, exerts therapeutic effects on experimental pulmonary hypertension, lung fibrosis, cardiomyopathy, and myocardial ischemia, partly associated with the induction of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). In the present study, we examined the therapeutic efficacies of ONO-1301 on tubulointerstitial alterations induced by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). After inducing unilateral ureteral obstruction in C57/BL6J mice, a single injection of sustained-release ONO-1301 polymerized with poly (D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) sustained-release ONO-1301 (SR-ONO) significantly suppressed interstitial fibrosis, accumulation of types I and III collagen, increase in the number of interstitial fibroblast-specific protein-1 (FSP-1)(+) cells, and interstitial infiltration of monocytes/macrophages (F4/80(+)) in the obstructed kidneys (OBK; day 7). Treatment with SR-ONO significantly suppressed the increase of the renal levels of profibrotic factor TGF-β and phosphorylation of Smad2/3, and elevated the renal levels of HGF in the OBK. In cultured mouse proximal tubular epithelial cells (mProx24), ONO-1301 significantly ameliorated the expression of fibroblast-specific protein-1 and α-smooth muscle actin as well as phosphorylation of Smad3 and increased the expression of zonula occludens-1 and E-cadherin in the presence of TGF-β1 as detected by immunoblot and immunocytochemistry, partly dependent on PGI(2) receptor-mediated signaling. Administration of rabbit anti-HGF antibodies, but not the control IgG, partly reversed the suppressive effects of SR-ONO on tubulointerstitial injuries in the OBK. Taken together, our findings suggest the potential therapeutic efficacies of ONO-1301 in suppressing tubulointerstitial alterations partly mediated via inducing HGF, an antifibrotic factor counteracting TGF-β.
    AJP Renal Physiology 03/2012; 302(12):F1616-29. · 4.42 Impact Factor