[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to evaluate the diagnostic validity of the (13)C-urea breath test ((13)C-UBT) in the remnant stomach after partial gastrectomy for gastric cancer.
The (13)C-UBT results after Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy was compared with the results of endoscopic biopsy-based methods in the patients who have received partial gastrectomy for the gastric cancer.
Among the gastrectomized patients who showed the positive (13)C-UBT results (≥ 2.5‰, n = 47) and negative (13)C-UBT results (< 2.5‰, n = 114) after H. pylori eradication, 26 patients (16.1%) and 4 patients (2.5%) were found to show false positive and false negative results based on biopsy-based methods, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, false positive rate, and false negative rate for the cut-off value of 2.5‰ were 84.0%, 80.9%, 19.1%, and 16.0%, respectively. The positive and negative predictive values were 44.7% and 96.5%, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, two or more H. pylori eradication therapies (odds ratio = 3.248, 95% confidence interval= 1.088-9.695, P = 0.035) was associated with a false positive result of the (13)C-UBT.
After partial gastrectomy, a discordant result was shown in the positive (13)C-UBT results compared to the endoscopic biopsy methods for confirming the H. pylori status after eradication. Additional endoscopic biopsy-based H. pylori tests would be helpful to avoid unnecessary treatment for H. pylori eradication in these cases.
Journal of cancer prevention. 12/2014; 19(4):309-17.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background and AimsResistance rates of H. pylori to clarithromycin, metronidazole and quinolone are over 30% in S. Korea. Aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the ultimate eradication rate of H. pylori after 1st, 2nd or 3rd line therapy in Korea.MethodsA cohort of 2,202 patients with H. pylori was treated with proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-based triple therapy for 7 days. In case of treatment failure or recurrence, moxifloxacin-based triple therapy (MA) or bismuth-based quadruple therapy (QUAD) was randomly given. When the 2nd-line treatment failed or H. pylori recurred, the unused MA or QUAD was used as a third-line treatment.ResultsEighty-six patients had recurrence at least once during consecutive lines of treatments. Among 2,116 patients (intention-to-treat, ITT) without recurrence, 1,644 (77.7%, per-protocol, PP) completely followed our treatment flow. The ITT and PP rates of first line treatment were 69.8% and 89.3%. After second line, they reached 78.4% (ITT) and 98.4% (PP). The ′final′ eradication rate up to 3rd line treatment were 80.0% (1692/2116) and 99.8% (1641/1644), respectively. Resistance to clarithromycin showed significantly lower eradication rate (OR 0.358, P<0.001) than those with susceptible strains in multivariate analysis. However in PP analysis, there was no significant difference in ultimate success rate regarding resistance pattern.Conclusions
Final success rate of PP was high, 99.8% in Korea in spite of high antibiotic resistance rates. However, high rate of refusal of further treatment and follow-up loss made ITT eradication rate low. Proper strategy to improve the treatment adherence is needed.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 10/2014; · 3.33 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Helicobacter felis (H. felis) mouse model has been developed for the research regarding pathogenesis of chronic gastritis and gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate long-term H. felis colonization in the stomachs of C57BL/6 mice and subsequent histologic findings and inflammatory reactions including pro-inflammatory cytokines.
Journal of cancer prevention. 09/2014; 19(3):224-30.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rectal Dieulafoy's lesion (DL) is rare cause of lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Because of its rarity, there is no consensus on the optimal endoscopic hemostasis technique for rectal DL. We analyzed six patients who underwent endoscopic management for rectal DL after presenting with hematochezia at a single institute over 10 years. Of the six patients, three underwent endoscopic band ligation (EBL) and three underwent endoscopic hemoclip placement (EHP). Only one patient was treated with thermocoagulation. There were no immediate complications in any of the patients. None of the patients required a procedure or surgery for the treatment of rebleeding. Mean procedure times of EBL and EHP were 5.25 minutes and 7 minutes, respectively. Both EHP and EBL are shown to be effective in the treatment of bleeding rectal DL. We suggest that EBL may have potential as the preferred therapy owing to its superiority in technical and economic aspects, especially in elderly and high-risk patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gastric atypical cell (GAC), an indefinite pathologic finding, often requires repeated biopsy or other diagnostic treatments, such as endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), or operation (OP). The aim of this study was to analyze the initial endoscopic and histologic findings of GAC and to discuss the necessity of EMR/ESD at establishing a correct diagnosis.
Digestive Diseases and Sciences 06/2014; · 2.55 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Resection of rectal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) less than 1 cm in diameter can be performed using various endoscopic techniques. Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) traditionally had suboptimal complete resection rate compared to endoscopic submucosal resection with band ligation (ESMR-L). However, the previous studies did not consider the characteristics of rectal NETs. The aim of our study is to compare the efficacy of ESMR-L and EMR using tailored approach according to the characteristics of rectal NETs.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Atrophic gastritis is a precancerous condition, which can be diagnosed by several methods. However, there is no consensus for the standard method. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlations among endoscopic, histologic, and serologic findings for the diagnosis of atrophic gastritis.
Journal of cancer prevention. 03/2014; 19(1):47-55.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To clarify the short and long-term results and to prove the usefulness of endoscopic resection in type 3 gastric neuroendocrine tumors (NETs).
Of the 119 type 3 gastric NETs diagnosed from January 1996 to September 2011, 50 patients treated with endoscopic resection were enrolled in this study. For endoscopic resection, endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) or endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was used. Therapeutic efficacy, complications, and follow-up results were evaluated retrospectively.
EMR was performed in 41 cases and ESD in 9 cases. Pathologically complete resection was performed in 40 cases (80.0%) and incomplete resection specimens were observed in 10 cases (7 vs 3 patients in the EMR vs ESD group, P = 0.249). Upon analysis of the incomplete resection group, lateral or vertical margin invasion was found in six cases (14.6%) in the EMR group and in one case in the ESD group (11.1%). Lymphovascular invasions were observed in two cases (22.2%) in the ESD group and in one case (2.4%) in the EMR group (P = 0.080). During the follow-up period (43.73; 13-60 mo), there was no evidence of tumor recurrence in either the pathologically complete resection group or the incomplete resection group. No recurrence was reported during follow-up. In addition, no mortality was reported in either the complete resection group or the incomplete resection group for the duration of the follow-up period.
Less than 2 cm sized confined submucosal layer type 3 gastric NET with no evidence of lymphovascular invasion, endoscopic treatment could be considered at initial treatment.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 12/2013; 19(46):8703-8. · 2.43 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In colonoscopic study, benign colorectal strictures with or without symptomatic pain are not rarely encountered. Benign colorectal stricture can be caused by a number of problems, such as anastomotic stricture after surgery, inflammatory bowel disease, postendoscopic submucosal dissection, diverticular disease, ischemic colitis, and so on. There are various modalities for the management of benign colorectal stricture. Endoscopic balloon dilatation is generally considered as the primary treatment for benign colorectal stricture. In refractory benign colorectal strictures, several treatment sessions of balloon dilatation are needed for successful dilatation. The self-expandable metal stent and many combined techniques are performed at present. However, there is no specific algorithmic modality for refractory benign colorectal strictures.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Endoscopic submucosal dissection has recently been practiced on a differentiated type of early gastric cancer. However, there is no clear evidence for endoscopic treatments of signet ring cell carcinoma. The aim of this study is to identify the predictive clinicopathological factors for lymph node metastasis in signet ring cell carcinoma for assisting endoscopic submucosal dissection trials.
A total of 186 patients with early signet ring cell carcinoma who underwent radical curative gastrectomy between January 2001 and September 2009 were enrolled in this study. Retrospective reviews of their medical records are being conducted. Several clinicopathologic factors were being investigated in order to identify predictive factors for lymph nodes metastasis: age, gender, tumor size, type of operation, tumor location, gross type, ulceration, Lauren's classification, depth of invasion, and lymphatic invasion.
The lymph node metastasis rate for signet ring cell carcinoma was 4.3% (n=8). Of the 186 lesions with early signet ring cell carcinoma, 91 (48.9%) tumors were larger than 15 mm in size and 40 (21.5%) showed submucosal invasions in the resection specimens. In multivariate analysis, only the lymphatic invasion (P<0.0001) showed an association with lymph node metastasis. To evaluate cutoff values for tumor sizes in the presence of lymph node metastasis, early signet ring cell carcinomas with lymphatic invasions were excluded. In the absence of lymphatic invasion, mucosal cancer with tumor sizes <15 mm had no lymph node metastasis.
Endoscopic submucosal dissection can be performed on patients with early signet ring cell carcinoma limited to the mucosa and less than 15 mm.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 2-year-old male mixed dog was referred to us for further evaluation and treatment of a 4-week-history of oliguria and abdominal distension after a surgical repair of urethral injury. To relieve the urethral stricture, we placed a self-expanding aortic stent graft extension with a partial coverage with an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE). After the placement of the stent, the dog presented with a normal urinary voiding, despite the presence of urinary incontinence. The current case indicates that the ePTFE-covered, self-expanding ASGE is an effective intervention for the treatment of severe urethral stricture in the dog.
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 05/2013; · 0.88 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ERCP is the most common procedure for the diagnosis and treatment of bile duct and pancreatic disease, but Post-ERCP pancreatitis makes poor outcome in some cases. The protease inhibitors, nafamostat and gabexate, have been used to prevent pancreatitis related to ERCP, but there is some debate. We tried to evaluate the efficacy of gabexate and nafamostat for the prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis.
Two hundred forty two patients (73 patients in the gabexate group, 88 patients in the nafamostat group and 81 patients in the placebo group) were included in the study after selective exclusion. The incidence of pancreatitis after ERCP was compared among groups.
The incidence of pancreatitis were 6.8% in the gabexate group, 5.7% in the nafamostat group and 6.2% in the placebo group (p=0.954).
There was no meaningful difference among the gabexate, nafamostat and placebo group.
The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 03/2012; 59(3):232-8.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Amyloidosis is characterized by a deposition of insoluble fibrils in various organs and tissues. Amyloid deposition, in the gastrointestinal track, provokes a dysfunction of the organ, due to an accumulation of fibrils, and causes a variety of clinical symptoms and endoscopic findings. Primary amyloidosis in the gastrointestinal tract is rarely reported in Korea. We experienced a case of recurrent intestinal bleeding, in a 59-year-old female patient with primary amyloidosis. A colonoscopy revealed the presence of multiple large circular ulcers. In the entire colon, diffuse nodular lesions with edema and bleeding were found. A colonoscopic biopsy established the diagnosis of amyloidosis, to the exclusion of other disease components. We concluded that the patient had localized amyloidosis. Though a definitive therapeutic strategy has not been established for localized gastrointestinal amyloidosis, the patient has been successfully treated with a high-dose of steroids and azathioprine.
The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 01/2012; 59(1):44-7.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report herein a case of 35-years-old woman in whom portal hypertension (esophageal varix and splenomegaly) developed after 12 cycles of oxaliplatin based adjuvant chemotherapy for rectal cancer. She was transferred for the evaluation of etiology of new-onset portal hypertension. The esophageal varix and splenomegaly were absent before the oxaliplatin based adjuvant chemotherapy. Thorough history taking and serological exam revealed no evidence of chronic liver disease. Liver biopsy was done and there was no cirrhotic nodule formation. Instead, perivenular fibrosis was noted. Considering new development of esophageal varices and splenomegaly after 12 cycles of oxaliplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy, we could conclude that portal hypertension in this patient were due to sinusoidal injury by oxaliplatin. Finally, we recommend regular follow-up with endoscopy and radiologic examination for checking the development of varices and for screening of varices and splenomegaly in patients with colo-rectal cancer who receive oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy.
The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 04/2011; 57(4):253-7.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) is a common endoscopic finding in patients with cirrhosis. However, the relationship between PHG and portal hypertension is controversial. Furthermore, nothing is known regarding the correlation between PHG and prognosis in patients with cirrhosis.
The hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG), endoscopic PHG grade, Child-Pugh score, and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score were assessed at baseline and were followed prospectively in 331 cirrhotic patients (284 males, 85.8%; mean age, 52.16 ± 9.05 years) from January 2001 to April 2009. The relationship between PHG with HVPG and survival was investigated.
The HVPG was significantly higher in patients with severe PHG than in those with mild or no PHG (absent, 4.9 ± 1.7 mmHg; mild, 10.7 ± 4.1 mmHg; severe, 15.6 ± 4.6 mmHg; P < 0.001). During follow-up, 28 patients (8.5%) died from liver-related disease. In the Cox regression analysis, severe PHG (none and mild vs. severe) (hazard ratio 1.153, 95% confidence interval: 1.048-1.269) showed a significantly high relative risk of mortality, and in the Kaplan-Meier analysis, severe PHG showed a significantly shorter expected survival time than none or mild PHG (median survival time, 77.6 ± 9.6 months in severe PHG; log-rank test, P = 0.030).
PHG was associated with portal hypertension severity and prognosis in patients with cirrhosis.
Digestive Diseases and Sciences 12/2010; 55(12):3561-7. · 2.26 Impact Factor