Are you Claire-Lise Gay?

Claim your profile

Publications (6)10.8 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective To describe the action of prenatal dexamethasone (PreDex) on the anatomy of female congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) genitalia when started at later stages of gestation. Material and methods Our group follows a large cohort of French CAH patients who underwent PreDex therapy, of whom 258 were recently reported. Four 46,XX patients with a delayed PreDex treatment presented with a virilized genitalia and required surgical reconstruction. This is a retrospective report on genital phenotyping at the time of surgery of these four patients who began PreDex therapy at 8, 12, 20, and 28 weeks of gestation. Results Although this series is limited in number, the anatomical description of the length of the genital tubercle, the height of the urethra–vaginal confluence, and the degree of fusion of the genital folds seems to be dependent upon the starting date of PreDex. Most PreDex treatments prescribed up to now have covered the full duration of gestation. Conclusions Our findings suggest that PreDex therapy could be limited to the period of the partitioning window. It is hoped that further prospective multicentric clinical studies will obtain ethical approval in order to elucidate the place and protocols of PreDex therapy in the management of CAH.
    Journal of pediatric urology 01/2014; · 1.38 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gender assignment followed by surgery and hormonal therapy is a difficult decision in the management of 45,X/46,XY patients with abnormal external genitalia at birth considering the paucity of studies evaluating pubertal development and fertility outcome, most notably for patients raised as boys. The purpose of this study was to describe the pubertal course of 20 45,X/46,XY patients born with ambiguous genitalia and raised as boys. This is a multicenter retrospective study. Mean age at study was 25.6±2.4 years. Eighty-five percent of the patients presented a 'classical' mixed gonadal dysgenetic phenotype at birth. Puberty was initially spontaneous in all but three boys, although in six other patients, testosterone therapy was subsequently necessary for completion of puberty. Sixty-seven percent of the remaining patients presented signs of declined testicular function at the end of puberty (increased levels of FSH and low levels of testosterone and/or inhibin B). Moreover, an abnormal structure of the Y chromosome, known to alter fertility, was found in 10 out of 16 (63%) patients. Two patients developed testicular cancer. Half of the patients have adult penile length of <80 mm. Mean adult height is 156.9±2 cm, regardless of GH treatment. In summary, 45,X/46,XY children born with ambiguous genitalia and raised as boys have an altered pubertal course and impaired fertility associated with adult short stature, which should, therefore, be taken into consideration for the management of these patients.
    European Journal of Endocrinology 01/2012; 166(4):687-94. · 3.14 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Androgens have a positive effect on penile growth in children, but they may also have a repressive effect on the healing process. The aim of this prospective study was to compare the outcomes of onlay urethroplasty with and without preoperative androgen stimulation in patients with severe hypospadias. Of 300 severe hypospadias cases treated at a single institution, 126 operated on by the same surgeon had complete follow-up data, and 30 of these received preoperative androgen treatment (human chorionic gonadotrophin and/or systemic testosterone) 1-24 months before surgery. Thirty-five patients presented with a complication (27.7%) of whom 26 (20.6%) had a fistula or dehiscence. Among patients on androgen stimulation there was a 30% healing complication rate (9/30) whereas for those without this was 17.7% (17/96). When androgenic treatment was given > 3 months prior to surgery the healing complication rate was 21.7% (5/23), and when < 3 months prior to surgery the rate reached 57% (4/7). Mean follow up was 41 months (10-97). Although the numbers were too small in this series to reach statistical significance, the tissular interactions of androgens in the healing process reported by dermatologists should alert the hypospadiologists and lead to a further prospective study to define the optimal protocol for stimulation of the penis in specific cases without affecting outcome.
    Journal of pediatric urology 04/2011; 7(2):158-61. · 1.38 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Disorders of Sex Development (DSD) remain a fascinating challenge for the paediatricians, endocrinologists, biologists, psychiatrists, geneticists, radiologists, surgeons and for the whole society. This article aims at highlighting the current controversies and questions met with genital reconstruction in children born with abnormal genitalia. The main current techniques of masculinization and feminization are reviewed with their progress and their problems. The tools of decision used to assign a gender in some newborns with complex DSD are discussed showing that at the dawn of the third millenium, one still does not know why a boy is a boy, and a girl is a girl.
    Archivos españoles de urología 09/2010; 63(7):495-504.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Las Anomalías del Desarrollo Sexual (ADS) siguen siendo un desafío fascinante para los pediatras, endocrinos, biólogos, psiquiatras, genetistas, radiólogos, cirujanos y para toda la sociedad. Este artículo busca destacar las controversias y cuestiones actuales de la reconstrucción genital en niños nacidos con genitales anormales. Se revisan las principales técnicas actuales de masculinización y feminización junto con sus progresos y sus problemas. Se discuten las herramientas de decisión utilizadas para asignar un género en algunos recién nacidos con ADS complejas mostrando que en el amanecer del tercer milenio, uno todavía no conoce por qué un niño es un niño y una niña es una niña.
    Archivos españoles de urología 09/2010; 63(7):495-504.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Disorders of sexual development (DSD) include three main groups of patients: (1) The virilised 46,XX DSD essentially represented by congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) ; (2) The undervirilised 46,XY DSD essentially represented by hypospadias; and (3) the chromosomic jigsaws essentially represented by mixed gonadal dysgenesis. It is in this last group that gender assignment remains a difficult decision involving various indicators, which can be split into four categories: (1) the inside sex (i.e., genes, hormones and target tissues); (2) the outside sex (i.e., anatomy of genitalia including size of the genital tubercle, mullerian cavity and potential adult height of the patient); (3) the functional sex (i.e., potential sexuality and fertility); and (4) and the social sex (i.e., the cultural medium in which the child is brought up). The challenge is to outline the future individual identity of the child in the postnatal period using these indicators. Current evolutions of surgical techniques of 'feminisation' and 'masculinisation' are described as well as their outcomes.
    Best Practice & Research: Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 04/2010; 24(2):311-24. · 4.91 Impact Factor