Publications (1)0 Total impact
ABSTRACT: Galaxy groups are the least massive systems where the bulk of baryons begin
to be accounted for. Not simply the scaled-down versions of rich clusters
following self-similar relations, galaxy groups are ideal systems to study
baryon physics, which is important for both cluster cosmology and galaxy
formation. We review the recent observational results on the hot gas in galaxy
groups. The first part of the paper is on the scaling relations, including
X-ray luminosity, entropy, gas fraction, baryon fraction and metal abundance.
Compared to clusters, groups have a lower fraction of hot gas around the center
(e.g., r < r_2500), but may have a comparable gas fraction at large radii
(e.g., r_2500 < r < r_500). Better constraints on the group gas and baryon
fractions require sample studies with different selection functions and deep
observations at r > r_500 regions. The hot gas in groups is also iron poor at
large radii (0.3 r_500 - 0.7 r_500). The iron content of the hot gas within the
central regions (r < 0.3 r_500) correlates with the group mass, in contrast to
the trend of the stellar mass fraction. It remains to be seen where the missing
iron in low-mass groups is. In the second part, we discuss several aspects of
X-ray cool cores in galaxy groups, including their difference from cluster cool
cores, radio AGN heating in groups and the cold gas in group cool cores.
Because of the vulnerability of the group cool cores to radio AGN heating and
the weak heat conduction in groups, group cool cores are important systems to
test the AGN feedback models and the multiphase cool core models. At the end of
the paper, some outstanding questions are listed.