ABSTRACT: Many patients still have high blood pressure (BP) after treatment with high-dose angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs) or Preminent® (medium-dose of losartan (50 mg/day)/hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) (12.5 mg/day)). Therefore, we analyzed whether Micombi®BP (high-dose telmisartan (80 mg/day)/HCTZ (12.5 mg/day)) could provide better results with regard to efficacy and safety for patients with uncontrolled hypertension.
In total, 44 hypertensive patients (22 males, age 71±14 years) who showed uncontrolled BP despite the use of high-dose ARBs or Preminent® were enrolled in this study. We used a changeover design in which the patients were switched from high-dose ARBs or Preminent® to Micombi®BP. We analyzed BP, heart rate (HR), and biochemical parameters before and after treatment for 3 months.
Systolic BP and diastolic BP significantly decreased (125±15/69±11 mmHg) and 85% of the patients achieved their target BP at 3 months after changeover. Patients who switched from ARBs and those who switched from Preminent® showed similar BP-lowering effects. In addition, the reductions in BP after 3 months in patients with or without chronic kidney disease and in those with or without metabolic syndrome (MetS) were also similar. There were no significant changes in HR during the study period. Although blood levels of potassium, hemoglobin A1c and uric acid (UA) significantly increased after 3 months for all of the patients, none of the patients showed serious adverse effects.
High-dose telmisartan/HCTZ therapy was associated with a significant reduction in BP and helped patients achieve their target BP.
Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 03/2012; 13(3):394-400. · 2.44 Impact Factor