ABSTRACT: Objective: To assess and compare knowledge, attitudes and practices of male and female medical students of Karachi in the context of physical, emotional and spiritual wellness.
Materials & Methods: A cross sectional questionnaire based survey to evaluate awareness of physical, emotional and spiritual wellness among randomly selected 800 male/female medical students was carried from January till December 2010 in eight medical colleges of Karachi. Responses; never, sometimes, mostly and always (numbered 0-4 ) were analyzed in terms of frequency, proportion and percentages by PASW(Predictive analysis soft ware) version 18. Chi square test was applied for comparison of categorical aspects of wellness; results declared significant with p value<0.05.
Results: 736 complete questionnaires were selected. 68.37%, 68.45% and 89.35% medical students were aware of concept of physical, emotional and spiritual wellness respectively in which males had greater involvement in physical activity (P value <0.001) while females selected healthy diet(P value0<0.03). The dimensions of physical and emotional wellness on an aggregate did not differ significantly in both sexes but knowledge and practices of spiritual wellness in females gave them direction to face anxiety episodes for which males had to take help from mentors and psychologists (P<0.034, P<0.0001).
Conclusion: Spirituality, the key success factor in better wellness management was found to be greater in female medical students.
Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 12/2013;
ABSTRACT: Objective: To assess and compare knowledge, attitudes and practices of male and female medical students of
Karachi in the context of physical, emotional and spiritual wellness.
Methods: The cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was conducted from January to December 2010,
comprising randomly selected 800 male/female medical students in eight medical colleges of Karachi. The
responses - 'never,' 'sometimes,' 'mostly' and 'always' (numbered 0-4 ) - were analysed in terms of frequency,
proportion and percentages by Predictive Analysis Software (PASW) version 18. Chi-square test was applied for
comparison of categorical aspects of wellness, and results were declared significant at p <0.05.
Results: Of the 800 questionnaires, 736 (92%) fully-completed questionnaires comprised the study universe.
According to the survey, 503 (68.37%), 504 (68.45%) and 658 (89.35%) medical students were aware of the concept
of physical, emotional and spiritual wellness respectively. Males had greater involvement in physical activity (p
<0.001), while females selected healthy diet (p <0.03). The dimensions of physical and emotional wellness on an
aggregate did not differ significantly in both genders, but knowledge and practices of spiritual wellness in females
gave them direction to face episodes of anxiety for which males had to take help from mentors and psychologists
(p <0.034, p <0.0001).
Conclusion: Spirituality, the key success factor in better wellness management, was found to be greater among
female medical students
boundary 2 04/2013; 63: (4) 2013:495-500. · 0.14 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Background: The assessment of laboratory skills in the subject of Physiology is examined by Objective Structured Practical Examination (OSPE) and Viva Voce (VV). The performance of students as well as their opinion about the assessment tools is dissimilar. The objective of this study was to compare OSPE and VV in terms of perception and scores acquired by students. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 students of 1 st year MBBS at Bahria University Medical & Dental College, Karachi from December 2009 to September 2010 in which perception and performance of students in OSPE and VV after completion of each (consecutive) module of Cell Biology, Neuromuscular and Cardiovascular systems were assessed. Performance of students was grouped on the basis of secured marks into 3 categories, fail (less than 50%), pass (50–70%), and distinction (>70%). A closed ended questionnaire analysed students' responses on both assessment tools about subject content, given time, difficulty level and influence by mood of examiners. Results: In all modules, 90–92% of distinctions were acquired with the help of OSPE compared to 5–10% by VV (p<0.0001). Pass percentage was acquired more by VV compared to OSPE (p<0.0001). Perception of OSPE revealed it to be a focused system of examination by 86 (92%) students, 76 (82%) were satisfied with allotted time and 75 (81%) found it easy to attempt. VV was considered to be influenced by mood of examiners by 84 (90%) students while 73 (78%) found it to be stressful. Conclusion: Students secured significantly higher in OSPE, described it as an easy, uniform, fair, un-stressful and un-biased method of examination and recommended its continuation as an assessment tool for practical examination system.
Pakistan journal of Physiology. 12/2012; 8(2):33-36.
ABSTRACT: To compare the role of new approaches and methods in the development of understanding and learning capabilities of undergraduate medical students in the module of respiratory physiology.
A comparative cross sectional study was conducted in Bahria Univiersity Medical & Dental College using a sample size of 198 students from February till May 2010. Difficulties in understanding the concepts of respiratory physiology was analyzed in groups A (Batch 2008-2013) and assessed through test performance. In group B (Batch 2009-2014) "integrated learner-and teacher-centered" approach was implemented by introduction of problem based learning, case based sessions, students seminar, quizzes and structured assignments. Response of group B students was evaluated in terms of concepts and performance by identical feedback form and assessment test. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 15.0 and applying the Chi-square test.
The mean age of Karachi students of Groups A and B was 20 +/- 2 years. Statistically significant improvement in conceptual understanding of Group B (84%) was noticed compared to Group A (42%). Conceptual understanding of Group B (84%) was observed, as compared to Group A (42%)
Supplementation of teaching methodologies with augmented interaction improved significant learning, performance and satisfaction among group B students.
Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 10/2011; 61(10):982-5.
ABSTRACT: Background: When medical schools attempt to place, up to date information without coherence into their vast curricula, students face an overwhelming burden of dispersed information and desperately opt for rote memorisation rather than understanding. The objective of this study was to compare response and performance of students as a result of change from non-integrated to integrated curricula. Methods: The need of integration came from students' response to a non-integrated curriculum. Integrated Learning Program (ILP) was designed by curriculum development and integration committee. A structured questionnaire on perception of teaching methodologies and active learning was obtained from 95 students and 14 faculty members. Assessment test results were compared with a non-integrated module. Results: Overall satisfaction with ILP was shown by 78% students and 72% faculty members. The students realised greater command on subject and utility of course for better prospects in university exam and clinical orientation. Significant test performance was observed (p<0.001) by integrated curriculum. Conclusion: Competency based education and professional learning of medical students can be enhanced by complete integration in basic sciences curriculum.
Journal of Pakistan Pakistan Physiological Society. 01/2011; 7(2).
ABSTRACT: Healthy diets and regular, adequate physical activity are major factors in the promotion and maintenance of good health throughout entire life course. Accumulation of fat occurs whenever energy consumed by food and drinks exceeds that which can be utilised by an individual's metabolism and physical activity. The objective of this study was to estimate the effect of lifestyle characteristics of a representative segment of medical students in terms of fast food preferences and participation in physical activity with respect to Body Mass Index (BMI).
This cross-sectional study was carried out in Physiology Department, Bahria University Medical & Dental College, Karachi on 192 students of 1st and 2nd year MBBS. Body Mass index of students was calculated. They were classified into 4 groups with BMI < or = 18.5, 18.6-23, 23.1-25 and > or = 25 respectively. A life style questionnaire, based on preferences for healthy/unhealthy food, dietary habits and participation in physical activity was filled.
Most of medical students (65%) had BMI less than 23. It was because of selection of healthy dietary pattern with nutritious food (p < 0.09) and participation in outdoor games (p < 0.03). Males who had high BMI showed a tendency to daily intake of fast food (p < 0.03). Walking in both the sexes had a positive impact in maintaining normal BMI (p = Males < 0.04, females < 0.001).
Obesity can be prevented by innovative approaches, easiest of which is to promote active life styles with intake of healthy diet and involvement in physical activity.
Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC 22(4):146-9.