Ming Qiu

Pfizer Inc., New York City, New York, United States

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Publications (5)34.71 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We aimed to assess the biologic activity of PF-03084014 in breast xenograft models. The biomarkers for mechanism and patient stratification were also explored. The in vitro and in vivo properties of PF-03084014 were investigated. The mRNA expressions of 40 key Notch pathway genes at baseline or after treatment were analyzed to link with the antitumor efficacy of PF-03084014 in a panel of breast cancer xenograft models. In vitro, PF-03084014 exhibited activity against tumor cell migration, endothelial cell tube formation, and mammosphere formation. In vivo, we observed apoptosis, antiproliferation, reduced tumor cell self-renewal ability, impaired tumor vasculature, and decreased metastasis activity after the treatment of PF-03084014. PF-03084014 treatment displayed significant antitumor activity in 10 of the 18 breast xenograft models. However, the antitumor efficacy in most models did not correlate with the in vitro antiproliferation results in the corresponding cell lines, suggesting the critical involvement of tumor microenvironment during Notch activation. In the tested breast xenograft models, the baseline expressions of the Notch receptors, ligands, and the cleaved Notch1 failed to predict the antitumor response to PF-03084014, whereas several Notch pathway target genes, including HEY2, HES4, and HES3, strongly corresponded with the response with a P value less than 0.01. Many of the best molecular predictors of response were also significantly modulated following PF-03084014 treatment. PF-03084014 showed antitumor and antimetastatic properties via pleiotropic mechanisms. The Notch pathway downstream genes may be used to predict the antitumor activity of PF-03084014 and enrich for responders among breast cancer patients. Clin Cancer Res; 18(18); 5008-19. ©2012 AACR.
    Clinical Cancer Research 07/2012; 18(18):5008-19. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The c-Met pathway has been implicated in a variety of human cancers for its critical role in tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis. PF-04217903 is a novel ATP-competitive small-molecule inhibitor of c-Met kinase. PF-04217903 showed more than 1,000-fold selectivity for c-Met compared with more than 150 kinases, making it one of the most selective c-Met inhibitors described to date. PF-04217903 inhibited tumor cell proliferation, survival, migration/invasion in MET-amplified cell lines in vitro, and showed marked antitumor activity in tumor models harboring either MET gene amplification or a hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/c-Met autocrine loop at well-tolerated dose levels in vivo. Antitumor efficacy of PF-04217903 was dose-dependent and showed a strong correlation with inhibition of c-Met phosphorylation, downstream signaling, and tumor cell proliferation/survival. In human xenograft models that express relatively high levels of c-Met, complete inhibition of c-Met activity by PF-04217903 only led to partial tumor growth inhibition (38%-46%) in vivo. The combination of PF-04217903 with Recepteur d'origine nantais (RON) short hairpin RNA (shRNA) knockdown in the HT29 model that also expresses activated RON kinase-induced tumor cell apoptosis and resulted in enhanced antitumor efficacy (77%) compared with either PF-04217903 (38%) or RON shRNA alone (56%). PF-04217903 also showed potent antiangiogenic properties in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, PF-04217903 strongly induced phospho-PDGFRβ (platelet-derived growth factor receptor) levels in U87MG xenograft tumors, indicating a possible oncogene switching mechanism in tumor cell signaling as a potential resistance mechanism that might compromise tumor responses to c-Met inhibitors. Collectively, these results show the use of highly selective inhibition of c-Met and provide insight toward targeting tumors exhibiting different mechanisms of c-Met dysregulation.
    Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 03/2012; 11(4):1036-47. · 5.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: P-cadherin is a membrane glycoprotein that functionally mediates tumor cell adhesion, proliferation, and invasiveness. We characterized the biological properties of PF-03732010, a human monoclonal antibody against P-cadherin, in cell-based assays and tumor models. The affinity, selectivity, and cellular inhibitory activity of PF-03732010 were tested in vitro. Multiple orthotopic and metastatic tumor models were used for assessing the antitumor and antimetastatic activities of PF-03732010. Treatment-associated pharmacodynamic changes were also investigated. PF-03732010 selectively inhibits P-cadherin-mediated cell adhesion and aggregation in vitro. In the P-cadherin-overexpressing tumor models, including MDA-MB-231-CDH3, 4T1-CDH3, MDA-MB-435HAL-CDH3, HCT116, H1650, PC3M-CDH3, and DU145, PF-03732010 inhibited the growth of primary tumors and metastatic progression, as determined by bioluminescence imaging. Computed tomography imaging, H&E stain, and quantitative PCR analysis confirmed the antimetastatic activity of PF-03732010. In contrast, PF-03732010 did not show antitumor and antimetastatic efficacy in the counterpart tumor models exhibiting low P-cadherin expression. Mechanistic studies via immunofluorescence, immunohistochemical analyses, and 3'-[(18)F]fluoro-3'-deoxythymidine-positron emission tomography imaging revealed that PF-03732010 suppressed P-cadherin levels, caused degradation of membrane β-catenin, and concurrently suppressed cytoplasmic vimentin, resulting in diminished metastatic capacity. Changes in the levels of Ki67, caspase-3, and 3'-[(18)F]fluoro-3'-deoxythymidine tracer uptake also indicated antiproliferative activity and increased apoptosis in the tested xenografts. These findings suggest that interrupting the P-cadherin signaling pathway may be a novel therapeutic approach for cancer therapy. PF-03732010 is presently undergoing evaluation in Phase 1 clinical trials.
    Clinical Cancer Research 11/2010; 16(21):5177-88. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aberrant regulation of Notch signaling has been implicated in tumorigenesis. Proteolytic release of the Notch intracellular domain (NICD) by gamma-secretase plays a key role in Notch-dependent nuclear signaling. gamma-Secretase is an attractive pharmaceutical target for therapeutic intervention in cancer. We describe the potent antitumor effects of PF-03084014, a small molecule that is a reversible, noncompetitive, and selective gamma-secretase inhibitor. The ability of PF-03084014 to inhibit gamma-secretase activity was shown by the reduction of endogenous NICD levels and by the downregulation of Notch target genes Hes-1 and cMyc in the T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cell line HPB-ALL. PF-03084014 caused cell growth inhibition of several T-ALL cell lines via cell cycle arrest and induction of apoptosis. PF-03084014 treatment also resulted in robust NICD reduction in HBP-ALL xenograft models. Broad antitumor efficacy at well-tolerated dose levels was observed in six Notch-dependent models. Additional mechanism-of-action studies showed inhibition of tumor cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis in HPB-ALL tumors, suggesting that the antitumor activity of PF-03084014 may be mediated by its direct effects on tumor cell growth or survival. Further studies on PF-03084014-induced gastrointestinal toxicity identified an intermittent dosing schedule that displayed reduced body weight loss and sustained antitumor efficacy. We also showed that glucocorticoids abrogated PF-03084014-induced gastrointestinal toxicity and delayed administration of glucocorticoids did not compromise its protection effect. Collectively, the results show that inhibition of Notch signaling by PF-03084014 while minimizing gastrointestinal toxicity presents a promising approach for development of therapies for Notch receptor-dependent cancers. This compound is being investigated for the treatment of T-ALL and advanced solid tumors in phase I clinical trials.
    Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 06/2010; 9(6):1618-28. · 5.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Checkpoint kinase 1 (Chk1) plays a critical role in the activation of mitotic spindle checkpoint and DNA damage checkpoint. We examined the preclinical use of the Chk1 inhibitor PF-00477736 as a docetaxel-sensitizing agent. Specifically, we investigated the correlation between PF-00477736-mediated modulation of biomarkers and the sensitization of docetaxel efficacy. In vitro and in vivo studies using COLO205 and other cell lines were done to assess PF-00477736-induced enhancement of docetaxel efficacy and effects on associated biomarkers. PF-00477736 significantly enhanced the docetaxel-induced efficacy in tumor cells and xenografts. Docetaxel induced dose- and time-dependent increase in the levels of phosphorylated Chk1 (Ser(345)), phosphorylated histone H3 (Ser(10)), and gammaH2AX foci and promoted the cytoplasmic localization of phosphorylated Cdc25C (Ser(216)). PF-00477736 cotreatment suppressed docetaxel-induced changes in phosphorylated histone H3 and cytoplasmic phosphorylated Cdc25C (Ser(216)) levels and concurrently sensitized the docetaxel-induced apoptosis. Docetaxel alone or in combination with PF-00477736 induced significant antiproliferative activity in xenografts, shown via [18F]FLT-PET imaging. However, changes in [18F]FLT uptake did not reflect the potentiation of docetaxel efficacy. In contrast, bioluminescence imaging showed that PF-00477736 sensitized docetaxel-induced suppression of tumor survival. Docetaxel triggers mitotic spindle checkpoint activation at low concentrations and activates both the DNA damage checkpoint and the spindle checkpoint at high concentrations. In combination with docetaxel, PF-00477736 abrogates the mitotic checkpoint, as well as the DNA damage checkpoint, and results in sensitization to docetaxel. Chk1 inhibitor PF-00477736 offers a therapeutic potential for the enhancement of taxane therapy.
    Clinical Cancer Research 08/2009; 15(14):4630-40. · 7.84 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

94 Citations
34.71 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2012
    • Pfizer Inc.
      • Oncology Research Unit (ORU)
      New York City, New York, United States