ABSTRACT: Background: Pulmonary dysfunction could influence the onset and the evolution of cardiovascular disorders. This study evaluated whether pulmonary dysfunction based on spirometry, plethysmography and carbon monoxide diffusion test is associated with the estimated risk of cardiovascular disease in 10 years.Design: We performed a cross-sectional general population-based cohort study.Methods: The Moli-sani Project is a population-based cohort study of subjects aged ≥35 years, randomly recruited from the general population in Italy. Cardiovascular risk in 10 years was predicted by the CUORE score which provides an estimate of the probability of a first coronary or cerebrovascular event in the next 10 years, based on a risk equation derived from Italian cohorts. Out of 12,933 subjects with high-quality flow/volume manoeuvre, 8,132 subjects had suitable plethysmography and 3,422 carbon monoxide diffusion (carbon monoxide alveolar diffusion test [DLCO]).Results: In multivariate analyses, reduced pulmonary function expressed by forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) and total lung capacity (TLC) were inversely associated with CUORE score both in men and in women, independently of other risk factors such as age, height, smoking habits, total cigarettes exposure (pack-years), pulmonary disease, body mass index, social status and physical activity. In contrast, there was no association between FEV1/FVC ratio, residual volume, DLCO and CUORE risk score.Conclusions: In both genders from an adult general Italian population, pulmonary function decline is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. These results suggest that pulmonary monitoring could be useful to more accurately predict cardiovascular risk.
European journal of preventive cardiology. 05/2012;
International Journal of Public Health 05/2012; · 2.54 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the response to pandemic vaccination and seasonal and pandemic vaccine effectiveness (VE) in an Italian adult population, during the 2009-2010 influenza season.
Data were recorded by interviewing 19,275 subjects (≥35 years), randomly recruited from the general population of the Moli-sani project. Events [influenza-like illness (ILI), hospitalization and death], which had occurred between 1 November 2009 and 31 January 2010 were considered. VE was analyzed by multivariable Poisson regression analysis.
Pandemic vaccine coverage was very low (2.4%) in subjects at high-flu risk, aged 35-65 years (N = 8,048); there was no significant preventive effect of vaccine against ILI. Seasonal vaccine coverage was 26.6% in the whole population (63% in elderly and 21.9% in middle-aged subjects at high-flu risk). There was a higher risk to develop ILI in middle-age [VE: -17% (95% CI: -35,-1)] or at high flu-risk [VE: -17% (95% CI: -39, 2)] vaccinated groups.
Coverage of pandemic vaccine was very low in a Southern Italy population, with no protective effect against ILI.
International Journal of Public Health 02/2012; 57(3):569-79. · 2.54 Impact Factor