ABSTRACT: To correlate short and long T2* water fractions, derived from ultrashort-echo time (TE) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, with semiquantitative histopathologic and polarized light microscopic (PLM) assessment of human cadaveric patellae cartilage.
Twenty human cadaveric patellae were evaluated by using ultrashort-TE imaging, spin-echo imaging, histopathologic analysis, and PLM, with institutional review board approval. Short and long T2* water components were evaluated for each patella by using bicomponent fitting of ultrashort-TE signal decay. Four to six regions of interest (ROIs) within each patella were chosen for correlation between ultrashort-TE bicomponent analysis, histopathologic grading (Mankin score), and PLM grading (Vaudey score).
Ultrashort-TE imaging with bicomponent analysis showed two distinct water components with a short T2* and a longer T2* in all patellae. ROI analysis showed that the short T2* fraction was correlated significantly with the Mankin (ρ = 0.66, P < .001) and Vaudey (ρ = 0.68, P < .001) scores. The Mankin scores were weakly positively correlated with T2 (ρ = 0.28, P = .13) and short T2* (ρ = 0.24, P = .14) but were negatively correlated with long T2* (ρ = -0.55, P < .01). The Vaudey scores were weakly positively correlated with T2 (ρ = 0.18, P = .16) and short T2* (ρ = 0.22, P = .14) but were negatively correlated with long T2* (ρ = -0.55, P < .01).
Short T2* water fraction derived from ultrashort-TE imaging with bicomponent analysis correlates significantly with both the Mankin and Vaudey scores and may serve as a biomarker of cartilage degeneration.
Radiology 05/2012; 264(2):484-93. · 5.73 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Manipulation of cell patterns in three dimensions in a manner that mimics natural tissue organization and function is critical for cell biological studies and likely essential for successfully regenerating tissues--especially cells with high physiological demands, such as those of the heart, liver, lungs, and articular cartilage.(1, 2) In the present study, we report on the feasibility of arranging iron oxide-labeled cells in three-dimensional hydrogels using magnetic fields. By manipulating the strength, shape, and orientation of the magnetic field and using crosslinking gradients in hydrogels, multi-directional cell arrangements can be produced in vitro and even directly in situ. We show that these ferromagnetic particles are nontoxic between 0.1 and 10 mg/mL; certain species of particles can permit or even enhance tissue formation, and these particles can be tracked using magnetic resonance imaging. Taken together, this approach can be adapted for studying basic biological processes in vitro, for general tissue engineering approaches, and for producing organized repair tissues directly in situ.
Tissue Engineering Part C Methods 02/2012; 18(7):496-506. · 4.64 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To use the ultrashort time-to-echo magnetic resonance imaging (UTE MRI) technique to quantify short T2* properties (obtained through gradient echo) of a disc from the human temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and to corroborate regional T2* values with biomechanical properties and histologic appearance of the discal tissues.
A cadaveric human TMJ was sliced sagittally and imaged by conventional and UTE MRI techniques. The slices were then subjected to either biomechanical indentation testing or histologic evaluation, and linear regression was used for comparison to T2* maps obtained from UTE MRI data. Feasibility of in vivo UTE MRI was assessed in two human volunteers.
The UTE MRI technique of the specimens provided images of the TMJ disc with greater signal-to-noise ratio (~3 fold) and contrast against surrounding tissues than conventional techniques. Higher T2* values correlated with lower indentation stiffness (softer) and less collagen organization as indicated by polarized light microscopy. T2* values were also obtained from the volunteers.
UTE MRI facilitates quantitative characterization of TMJ discs, which may reflect structural and functional properties related to TMJ dysfunction.
Journal of orofacial pain 01/2011; 25(4):345-53. · 2.59 Impact Factor