ABSTRACT: To evaluate risk factors associated with failed forceps delivery and to compare the maternal and neonatal morbidity.
In this retrospective case-control study, all failed forceps delivery cases were analyzed from January 2005 to June 2008 and were compared to a successful forceps delivery cohort.
The rate of failed forceps extraction was 4.4% (40/918). Specific risk factors were extraction above a fœtal station of S+2 (OR=43.03; IC 95%: 3.8-475.41), occipito-posterior position (OR=34.64; IC 95%: 4.08-293.5), and biparietal diameter higher than 95mm (OR=10.74; IC 95%: 1.4-82.41). Maternal and neonatal morbidity was few in both groups.
Diagnosis of presentation level and variety of presentation are necessary before instrumental extraction. A "trial of forceps" should be performed with caution in a setting where a caesarean delivery could follow. Vacuum extraction could be interesting in case of occipito-posterior position.
Journal de Gynécologie Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction 01/2012; 41(4):333-8. · 0.42 Impact Factor