ABSTRACT: Aberrant expression of miR-196a has been frequently reported in cancer studies. However, the expression and mechanism of its function in gastric cancer remains unclear. Quantitative real-time PCR was carried out to detect the relative expression of miR-196a in gastric cancer cell lines and tissues. SGC7901 cells were treated with miR-196a inhibitors, mimics, or pCDNA/miR-196a to investigate the role of miR-196a in cell proliferation. Higher expression of miR-196a in gastric cancer tissues was associated with tumor size, a higher clinical stage, and was also correlated with shorter overall survival of patients with gastric cancer. Exogenous downregulation of miR-196a expression significantly suppressed the in vitro cell-cycle progression, proliferation, and colony formation of gastric cancer cells, and ectopic miR-196a expression significantly enhanced the development of tumors in nude mice. Luciferase assays revealed that miR-196a inhibited p27(kip1) expression by targeting one binding site in the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of p27(kip1) mRNA. qPCR and Western blot assays verified that miR-196a reduced p27(kip1) expression at both mRNA and protein levels. The p27(kip1)-mediated repression in cell proliferation was reverted by exogenous miR-196a expression. A reverse correlation between miR-196a and p27(kip1) expression was noted in gastric cancer tissues. Our study shows that aberrant overexpression of miR-196a and consequent downregulation of p27(kip1) could contribute to gastric carcinogenesis and would be targets for gastric cancer therapies and further developed as potential prognostic factors.
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 02/2012; 11(4):842-52. · 5.23 Impact Factor