Bishoy Khalil

York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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Publications (8)29.91 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Increased sunitinib exposure (area under the curve) is associated with better outcome in metastatic renal cell cancer. Recommendations for dose modification do not take this into account. A treatment strategy, based on individual patient toxicity, was developed to maximize dose and minimize time without therapy for patients who could not tolerate the standard sunitinib schedule of 50mg given for 28 days with a 14-day break (50mg, 28/14). A single-center retrospective review was conducted on patients with metastatic renal cell cancer treated from October 2005 to March 2010. Dose/schedule modifications (DSM) were done to keep toxicity (hematological, fatigue, skin, and gastrointestinal) at≤grade 2. DSM-1 was 50mg, 14 days on/7 days off with individualized increases in days on treatment. DSM-2 was 50mg, 7 days on/7 days off with individualized increase in days on treatment. DSM-3 was 37.5mg with individualized 7-day breaks. DSM-4 was 25mg with individualized 7-day breaks. Multivariable analysis was performed for outcome as a function of patient and treatment variables. Overall, 172 patients were included in the analysis. Most patients had clear cell histology (79.1%) with sunitinib given as a first-line therapy in 59%. The DSM-1 and 2 and DSM-3 and 4 groups had a progression-free survival (PFS) (10.9-11.9mo) and overall survival (OS) (23.4-24.5mo) that was significantly better than the PFS (5.3mo; P<0.001) and OS (14.4 mo; P = 0.03 and 0.003) for the standard schedule (50mg, 28/14). DCE-US in a subset of patients showed that maximum antiangiogenic activity was achieved after 14 days on therapy. Individualized sunitinib scheduling based on toxicity may improve PFS and OS. This hypothesis is supported by several other respective data that are reviewed. A confirmatory prospective trial is ongoing.
    Urologic Oncology 12/2013; · 3.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of the most treatment-resistant malignancies and patients have a dismal prognosis with <10% five-year survival rate. Identification of markers that can predict the potential of metastases will have a great impact in improving patient outcome. In this study, we used differential proteomics with isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) labeling and LC-MS/MS analysis to identify proteins that are differentially expressed in metastatic compared to primary RCC. We identified 1256 non-redundant proteins and 456 of these were quantified. Further analysis identified 29 proteins that were differentially expressed (12 overexpressed and 17 under expressed) in metastatic vs. primary RCC. Dysregulated protein expressions of profilin-1 (Pfn1), 14-3-3 zeta/delta (14-3-3ζ), and galectin-1 (Gal-1) were verified on two independent sets of tissues by western blot and immunohistochemical analysis. Hierarchical clustering analysis showed the protein expression profile specific for metastatic RCC can distinguish between aggressive and non-aggressive RCC. Pathway analysis showed that dysregulated proteins are involved in cellular processes related to tumor progression and metastasis. Furthermore, preliminary analysis using a small set of tumors showed that increased expression of Pfn1 is associated with poor outcome and is a potential prognostic marker in RCC. In addition, 14-3-3ζ and Gal-1 also showed higher expression in the tumors with poor prognosis compared to those with good prognosis. Dysregulated proteins in metastatic RCC represent potential prognostic markers for kidney cancer patients and a greater understanding of their involved biological pathways can serve as the foundation of the development of novel targeted therapies for metastatic RCC.
    Molecular &amp Cellular Proteomics 10/2012; · 7.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common neoplasm of the kidney. We conducted an integrated analysis of copy number, gene expression (mRNA and miRNA), protein expression, and methylation changes in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). We used a stepwise approach to identify the most significant copy number aberrations (CNA) and identified regions of peak and broad copy number gain and loss, including peak gains (3q21, 5q32, 5q34-q35, 7p11, 7q21, 8q24, 11q13, and 12q14) and deletions (1p36, 2q34-q37, 3p25, 4q33-q35, 6q23-q27, and 9p21). These regions harbor novel tumor-related genes and miRNAs not previously reported in renal carcinoma. Integration of genome-wide expression data and gene set enrichment analysis revealed 75 gene sets significantly altered in tumors with CNAs compared with tumors without aberration. We also identified genes located in peak CNAs with concordant methylation changes (hypomethylated in copy number gains such as STC2 and CCND1 and hypermethylated in deletions such as CLCNKB, VHL, and CDKN2A/2B). For other genes, such as CA9, expression represents the net outcome of opposing forces (deletion and hypomethylation) that also significantly influences patient survival. We also validated the prognostic value of miRNA let-7i in RCCs. miR-138, located in chromosome 3p deletion, was also found to have suppressive effects on tumor proliferation and migration abilities. Our findings provide a significant advance in the delineation of the ccRCC genome by better defining the impact of CNAs in conjunction with methylation changes on the expression of cancer-related genes, miRNAs, and proteins and their influence on patient survival. Cancer Res; 72(20); 5273-84. ©2012 AACR.
    Cancer Research 08/2012; 72(20):5273-84. · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common neoplasm of the kidney. Increasing evidence suggests that microRNAs are dysregulated in RCC and are important factors in RCC pathogenesis. miR-21 is a known oncogene with tumor-promoting effects in many types of cancer. In this study, we analyzed miR-21 in 121 cases of healthy kidney and different RCC subtypes, including clear cell (ccRCC), papillary (pRCC), chromophobe (chRCC), and oncocytoma. Total RNA was extracted, and the expression of miR-21 was measured with real-time quantitative RT-PCR using miR-21-specific probes. The expression of miR-21 was significantly up-regulated in RCC compared with healthy kidney. There was a significant difference in the expression levels between RCC subtypes, with the highest levels of expression in ccRCC and pRCC subtypes. miR-21 expression distinguished ccRCC and pRCC from chRCC and oncocytoma with 90% specificity (95% CI, 63.9% to 98.1%) and 83% sensitivity (95% CI, 53.5% to 97.6%). Significantly higher miR-21 levels were associated with higher stage and grade. Patients who were miR-21 positive had statistically significant shorter disease-free and overall survival rates. Thus, miR-21 is up-regulated in RCC, and its expression levels can be used as a diagnostic marker to distinguish ccRCC and pRCC from chRCC and oncocytoma. Moreover, it has potential as a prognostic marker in RCC, although it is not independent of tumor stage and grade.
    The Journal of molecular diagnostics: JMD 05/2012; 14(4):385-92. · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) is assessed through conventional clinicopathological parameters, which are not always accurate. Members of the human kallikrein-related peptidases gene family represent potential cancer biomarkers. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of human tissue kallikrein-related peptidase 10 (KLK10) by immunohistochemistry in CRC, to correlate this expression with various histopathological and clinical variables, and to evaluate its significance as a predictor of disease outcome. KLK10 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and a combined expression score was calculated for each case based on intensity and percentage of positivity. A statistically significant positive association was observed between KLK10 and tumor stage and liver metastases (p = 0.015 and p = 0.035, respectively). Paradoxically, a negative association was observed between KLK10 and tumor grade (p = 0.009). Kaplan-Meier survival curves and univariate analysis showed that both KLK10 expression and stage had statistically significant correlations with disease-free survival (DFS) (p = 0.030 and p < 0.001, respectively) and overall survival (p = 0.010 and p = 0.001, respectively). Cox multivariate analysis showed that both KLK10 expression and stage were independent predictors of unfavorable DFS (p = 0.057 and p = 0.001, respectively) and overall survival (p = 0.009 and p = 0.001, respectively). In conclusion, KLK10 immunostaining is an independent prognostic marker in patients with CRC.
    Tumor Biology 03/2012; 33(4):1209-14. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) is assessed through conventional clinicopathological parameters, which are not always accurate. Members of the human kallikrein-related peptidases gene family represent potential cancer biomarkers. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of human tissue kallikrein-related peptidase 6 (KLK6) by immunohistochemistry in CRC to correlate this expression with various histopathological and clinical variables, and to evaluate its significance as a predictor of disease outcome. KLK6 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and an expression score was calculated for each case. In CRC, KLK6 expression was decreased compared to normal colonic mucosa. A statistically significant, positive association was observed between KLK6 and tumor stage (p=0.036), lymph node metastases (p=0.030), and liver metastases (p=0.025). Univariate analysis showed that KLK6 expression and stage had statistically significant correlation with disease-free survival (p=0.045 and p<0.001, respectively) and overall survival (p=0.027 and p<0.001, respectively). Cox multivariate analysis showed that KLK6 expression was an independent predictor of unfavorable overall survival (p=0.041). Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that KLK6-positive patients have statistically significant lower disease-free and overall survival. In conclusion, KLK6 immunostaining is an independent prognostic marker in patients with CRC.
    Pathology - Research and Practice 02/2012; 208(2):104-8. · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Metastasis results in most of the cancer deaths in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate many important cell functions and play important roles in tumor development, metastasis and progression. In our previous study, we identified a miRNA signature for metastatic RCC. In this study, we validated the top differentially expressed miRNAs on matched primary and metastatic ccRCC pairs by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. We performed bioinformatics analyses including target prediction and combinatorial analysis of previously reported miRNAs involved in tumour progression and metastasis. We also examined the co-expression of the miRNAs clusters and compared expression of intronic miRNAs and their host genes. We observed significant dysregulation between primary and metastatic tumours from the same patient. This indicates that, at least in part, the metastatic signature develops gradually during tumour progression. We identified metastasis-dysregulated miRNAs that can target a number of genes previously found to be involved in metastasis of kidney cancer as well as other malignancies. In addition, we found a negative correlation of expression of miR-126 and its target vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A. Cluster analysis showed that members of the same miRNA cluster follow the same expression pattern, suggesting the presence of a locus control regulation. We also observed a positive correlation of expression between intronic miRNAs and their host genes, thus revealing another potential control mechanism for miRNAs. Many of the significantly dysregulated miRNAs in metastatic ccRCC are highly conserved among species. Our analysis suggests that miRNAs are involved in ccRCC metastasis and may represent potential biomarkers.
    Tumor Biology 11/2011; 33(1):131-40. · 2.52 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Cancer - EUR J CANCER. 01/2011; 47.

Publication Stats

76 Citations
29.91 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • York University
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    • Metropolitan Hospital
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
    • St. Michael's Hospital
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    • University of Toronto
      • Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada