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ABSTRACT: The influenza virus neuraminidase (NA) protein primarily aids in the release of progeny virions from infected cells. Here, we demonstrate a novel role for NA in enhancing host cell survival by activating the Src/Akt signaling axis via an interaction with carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 6/cluster of differentiation 66c (C6). NA/C6 interaction leads to increased tyrosyl phosphorylation of Src, FAK, Akt, GSK3β, and Bcl-2, which affects cell survival, proliferation, migration, differentiation, and apoptosis. siRNA-mediated suppression of C6 resulted in a down-regulation of activated Src, FAK, and Akt, increased apoptosis, and reduced expression of viral proteins and viral titers in influenza virus-infected human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial and normal human bronchial epithelial cells. These findings indicate that influenza NA not only aids in the release of progeny virions, but also cell survival during viral replication.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 03/2012; 287(18):15109-17. · 4.65 Impact Factor