Hiroshi Narimatsu

Oita University, Ōita-shi, Oita-ken, Japan

Are you Hiroshi Narimatsu?

Claim your profile

Publications (6)14.74 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Staphylococcus aureus has occupied an important position in public health as a cause of food poisoning and hospital-acquired MRSA (HA-MRSA) infections. The spread of community-acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA) infections has also recently become a concern. However, the sources of this infection remain unclear, and there are few reports of epidemiology information. In order to understand MRSA spread in the community, we investigated the distribution of MRSA strains in commercially distributed raw meat samples (n=305) and stool samples from outpatients with diarrhea (n=1,543) from the same meat distribution region in Oita Prefecture, Japan. 301 Staphylococcus aureus strains were isolated and 18 of them were MRSA (2 from chicken meat, 1 from duck meat, 1 from pork meat, and 14 from patients with diarrhea). All 18 MRSA strains were negative for Panton-Valentine leucocidin gene. In this study conducting a comparison of properties and a molecular epidemiological analysis of MRSA isolated from commercially distributed meat and diarrhea patient stools, the results suggest that commercially distributed meat could play a role in the prevalence of CA-MRSA in the community.
    Journal of UOEH 09/2014; 36(3):179-90.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAggEC) are an important cause of diarrhea. Four types of aggregative adherence fimbriae (AAF) have been identified; however, their prevalence and association with virulence properties remain unclear.E. coli strains carrying the aggR gene as EAggEC that were isolated in Japan and Thailand (n =90) were examined for AAF subunit genes, 2 toxin genes (pet/astA), and clump formation. The most prevalent AAF gene was hdaA (28%), followed by aafA (20%), aggA (12%), and agg3A (4%) as well as a putative new AAF sequence (25.6%). The retention statuses of the toxin genes and intensities of clump formation appeared to vary according to the AAF type.
    Microbiology and Immunology 06/2014; · 1.55 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An increasing number of Shiga toxin 2f-producing Escherichia coli (STEC2f) infections in humans are being reported in Europe, and pigeons have been suggested as a reservoir for the pathogen. In Japan, there is very little information regarding carriage of STEC2f by pigeons, prompting the need for further investigation. We collected 549 samples of pigeon droppings from 14 locations in Kyushu, Japan, to isolate STEC2f and to investigate characteristics of the isolates. Shiga toxin stx 2f gene fragments were detected by PCR in 16 (2.9%) of the 549 dropping samples across four of the 14 locations. We obtained 23 STEC2f-isolates from seven of the original samples and from three pigeon dropping samples collected in an additional sampling experiment (from a total of seven locations across both sampling periods). Genotypic and phenotypic characteristics were then examined for selected isolates from each of 10 samples with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profiles. Eight of the stx 2f gene fragments sequenced in this study were homologous to others that were identified in Europe. Some isolates also contained virulence-related genes, including lpfA O26, irp 2, and fyuA, and all of the 10 selected isolates maintained the eae, astA, and cdt genes. Moreover, five of the 10 selected isolates contained sfpA, a gene that is restricted to Shiga toxin-producing E. coli O165:H2 and sorbitol-fermenting Shiga toxin-producing E. coli O157:NM. We document serotypes O152:HNM, O128:HNM, and O145:H34 as STEC2f, which agrees with previous studies on pigeons and humans. Interestingly, O119:H21 was newly described as STEC2f. O145:H34, with sequence type 722, was described in a German study in humans and was also isolated in the current study. These results revealed that Japanese zoonotic STEC2f strains harboring several virulence-related factors may be of the same clonal complexes as some European strains. These findings provide useful information for public health-related disease management strategies in Japan.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(1):e86076. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The incidence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infection has been increasing; however, the sources of infection remain unclear. Therefore, we investigated the involvement of meat as a possible mediator of CA-MRSA infection. We examined the distribution of MRSA strains in commercially distributed raw meat samples (n = 197) and diarrheal stool samples of outpatients (n = 1,287) that were collected in Oita Prefecture, Japan, between 2003 and 2009 for routine legal inspections. Fourteen MRSA strains were isolated from three meat and 11 stool samples. Among these, seven isolates from three meat and four stool samples exhibited the same epidemiological marker profiles [coagulase type III, staphylococcal enterotoxin C, staphylococcal chromosomal cassette mec (SCCmec) type IV, ST8, spa type 606 (t1767), and toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1) producing type]. Furthermore, of the seven strains, three isolates from two meat samples and one stool sample collected in 2007 exhibited completely identical characteristics with respect to phage open reading frame (ORF) typing, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, and drug susceptibility profiles. The results suggest that commercially distributed meat could play a role in the prevalence of CA-MRSA in the community.
    Applied and Environmental Microbiology 02/2012; 78(8):2797-802. · 3.95 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The relationship to diarrhea of genes located on the pathogenicity islands (PAI) other than the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) was investigated. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), the retention of espC on the EspC PAI, the OI-122 genes (efa1/lifA, nleB), the phylogenetic marker gene yjaA, and the bundle-forming pilus gene bfpA on the EPEC adherence factor (EAF) plasmid were studied. E. coli strains carrying the intimin gene (eae) without the Shiga toxin gene, isolated from patients with diarrhea (n = 83) and healthy individuals (n = 38) in Japan, were evaluated using PCR. The genotypes of eae and espC were identified by heteroduplex mobility assay (HMA). The proportions of strains isolated from individuals with and without diarrhea that carried these genes were as follows: bfpA, 13.3 and 7.9%, respectively; espC, 25.3 and 36.8%; efa1/lifA, 32.5 and 13.2%; nleB, 63.9 and 60.5%; yjaA, 42.2 and 55.3%. Statistical significance (P < 0.05) was achieved only for efa1/lifA. The proportion of strains lacking espC and carrying efa1/lifA was higher for patient-derived strains (30.1%) than for strains from healthy individuals (13.2%), but the difference was not significant. Strains carrying both espC and efa1/lifA were rare (2 strains from patients). Statistical analyses revealed significant relationships between espC and yjaA and between efa1/lifA and nleB, as well as significant inverse relationships between espC and efa1/lifA and between efa1/lifA and yjaA. espC was found in eae HMA types a1, a2, and c2, whereas efa1/lifA was found in types b1, b2, and c1. In addition, 6 polymorphisms of espC were found. The espC, yjaA, efa1/lifA, and nleB genes were mutually dependent, and their distributions were related to eae type, findings that should be considered in future epidemiological studies.
    Journal of clinical microbiology 11/2010; 48(11):4107-14. · 4.16 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) strains produce a bundle-forming pilus (BFP) that mediates localized adherence (LA) to intestinal epithelial cells. The major structural subunit of the BFP is bundlin, which is encoded by the bfpA gene located on a large EAF plasmid. The perA gene has been shown to activate genes within the bfp operon. We analyzed perA gene polymorphism among typical (eae- and bfpA-positive) EPEC strains isolated from healthy and diarrheal persons in Japan (n=27) and Thailand (n=26) during the period 1995 to 2007 and compared this with virulence and phenotypic characteristics. Eight genotypes of perA were identified by heteroduplex mobility assay (HMA). The strains isolated in Thailand showed strong autoaggregation and had an intact perA, while most of those isolated in Japan showed weak or no autoaggregation, and had a truncated perA due to frameshift mutation. The degree of autoaggregation was well correlated with adherence to HEp-2 cells, contact hemolysis and BFP expression. Our results showed that functional deficiency due to frameshift mutation and subsequent nonsense mutation in perA reduced BFP expression in typical EPEC strains isolated in Japan.
    Microbiology and Immunology 04/2010; 54(4):184-95. · 1.55 Impact Factor