Dimitrios Pectasides

Hippokration General Hospital, Athens, Athínai, Attica, Greece

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Publications (130)595.54 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Metronomic taxane administration has putative antiangiogenic properties. Herein, we examined the baseline tumor angiogenic profile of patients with metastatic breast carcinoma (MBC) in a prospective-retrospective translational research study. The interplay between the angiogenic factors expressed in the tumors and their prognostic value in MBC were investigated. Tumor tissues from patients with MBC treated with weekly docetaxel (n=159) were examined by immunohistochemistry for VEGF-A, VEGF-C, VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2, VEGFR-3 and osteopontin (OPN) and by mRNA analysis for expression of VEGF-A, VEGFxxxa, VEGFxxxb, VEGF-C, thrombospondin-1 (THBS-1), hypoxia-inducible factor-1A (HIF-1A) and von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) genes. Associations between these parameters and outcome were statistically analyzed. Statistically significant correlations were identified between almost all biomarkers examined in continuous form, particularly at the mRNA level: VEGF-A with VEGFxxxa (rho=0.70); VEGF-C with VEGFxxxa, VEGFxxxb and VHL (rho=0.51, 0.60 and 0.44 respectively); HIF-1A with VEGF-C and THBS1 (rho= 0.48 and 0.45). High VEGF-A mRNA was associated with worse survival (p=0.0279) and marginally with progression free survival (PFS). Intratumoral co-expression of VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2 proteins was associated with more favorable survival (p=0.0337). In multivariate analysis, only high VEGF-A mRNA levels retained their prognostic role for worse PFS and survival (PFS: HR=2.34, 95% CI=1.25-4.40, p=0.0080; survival: HR=3.15, 95% CI=1.48-6.72, p=0.0029). In MBC, this study confirms the adverse prognostic effect of high intratumoral VEGF-A mRNA and reveals the combined VEGFR-1/VEGFR-2 protein expression as a potentially favorable prognosticator, which merits further evaluation in larger studies.
    Histology and histopathology 03/2015; DOI:10.14670/HH-11-612 · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent progress with BRAF and immune checkpoint inhibitors has dramatically changed the treatment landscape of metastatic melanoma (MM). The limited duration of responses to new agents, however, justifies the, still important, role of chemotherapy in the management of MM. This study prospectively explored biomarkers to first-line temozolomide-based chemotherapy. Tumor samples from patients with advanced MM who received first-line therapy with the PVT combination (cisplatin-vinblastine-temozolomide), i.e. cisplatin (CDDP) 30 mg/m(2) (days 1-3) i.v., vinblastine (CVT) 2 mg/m(2) (days 1-3) i.v., temozolomide (TMZ) 150 mg/m(2) (days 1-5) orally, every 21 days, were collected. Biomarkers (MGMT, ERCC1, p16), were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and BRAF mutations by PCR/sequencing. Out of 35 patients included in this clinical phase II study, 12 objective response rates were achieved (ORR; 34%) including 1 complete response CR; 9 disease stabilisations (SD; 26%), with overall clinical benefit rate (CR+PR+SD) 60%, median response duration 6 months (95% confidence interval (CI)=2-16), median PFS 4 months (95% CI=2-6), median OS 12 months (95% CI=6-25) and 1-year survival rate 52%. From 24 tumor samples evaluated for biomarkers, 13 (54%) were BRAF mutated and 11 (46%) wild-type (wt). Patients with BRAF-mutated tumors showed better response rates compared to BRAF wild-type (39% vs. 27%) and improved PFS/OS. Sub-analyses, according to BRAF status, did not reveal any significant correlations with excision repair cross-complementation group 1 enzyme (ERCC1), however, in patients with BRAF-mutated tumors, low O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) nuclear expression correlated with better PFS, p=0.0384. First-line PVT chemotherapy for MM is efficacious and well-tolerated. Interesting 'hypothesis-generating' results show that candidate predictive biomarkers could identify subgroups of patients, i.e. tumors with BRAF mutation and low MGMT expression, with better outcomes following TMZ-based chemotherapy, thus warranting further evaluation in larger cohorts. Copyright© 2015 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.
    Anticancer research 02/2015; 35(2):1105-13. · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of prophylactic single fixed dose of pegfilgrastim and daily administration of filgrastim on febrile neutropenia (FN), severe neutropenia, treatment delay, and dose reduction in patients with breast cancer receiving dose-dense adjuvant chemotherapy. A retrospective cohort study with 1058 breast cancer patients matched by age and chemotherapy was conducted. The primary endpoints were FN, severe (grade 3, 4) neutropenia, dose reduction (>10 % reduction of the dose planned), and treatment delay (dose given more than 2 days later). Eighteen episodes of FN (3.4 %) in the filgrastim group and 23 (4.3 %) in the pegfilgrastim group (p = 0.500) were recorded. More than half of the total episodes (27/41) occurred during the first 4 cycles of treatment. Patients who received filgrastim were almost three times more likely to experience a severe neutropenia episode and were significantly more likely to experience a dose reduction (18.5 %) compared to those who received pegfilgrastim (10.8 %) (p < 0.001). The percentage of patients, who received their planned dose on time, was significantly lower in patients receiving filgrastim (58 %) compared to those receiving pegfilgrastim (72.4 %, p < 0.001). No significant difference was detected on FN rate between daily administration of filgrastim and single administration of pegfilgrastim. However, patients receiving pegfilgrastim had a significantly lower rate of severe neutropenia, as well as dose reduction and treatment delay, thus, achieving a higher dose density.
    Supportive Care Cancer 12/2014; DOI:10.1007/s00520-014-2555-y · 2.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to correlate the clinicopathological features of breast cancer patients with the positive detection of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHRP), cytokeratin protein 19 (KRT19) and mammaglobin (MGB) using a multiplex reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay developed to detect circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in peripheral blood of patients with breast cancer.
    Anticancer research 11/2014; 34(11):6691-9. · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The prognostic utility of VEGF-A splice variants in advanced breast cancer patients treated with bevacizumab (Bev) has not been studied. Patients and Methods 111 patients with metastatic breast cancer treated with weekly docetaxel or ixabepilone without bevacizumab (Cohort A) and 100 treated with weekly paclitaxel and bevacizumab (Cohort B) were studied. Formalin-fixed tumors were macrodissected for RT-qPCR relative quantification of VEGF-A165, 189, 206 isoforms spliced at exon 8 proximal site (VEGF-Axxxa) and at exon 8 distal splice site (VEGF-Axxxb). Results For high VEGF-Axxxa, the Hazard Ratio (HR) for progression was 1.08 (p=0.71) in non-Bev treated patients (Cohort A) and 0.66 (p=0.22) in Bev-treated patients (Cohort B), while the HR for death was 1.45 (p=0.13) and 0.50 (p=0.049) respectively. The interaction of VEGF-Axxxa with bevacizumab administration was significant (p=0.011) for OS. High tissue VEGF-Axxxb was not prognostic in Cohort A but was predictive for Bev benefit in Cohort B (HR for progression 0.57, p=0.04 and HR for death 0.51, p=0.02). Exploratory analyses done only in Cohort B suggested that abundance of VEGFR1 mRNA in peripheral blood and low VEGFR2 mRNA in tissue correlated with poor outcome. In multivariate analysis, high tissue mRNA of angiogenic VEGF-Axxxa in the presence of bevacizumab therapy predicted for favorable PFS (HR for progression 0.39, p=0.0227) and OS (HR for death 0.32, p=0.0140). Conclusions Tissue mRNA expression of angiogenic VEGF-Axxxa isoforms was retrospectively associated with adverse prognosis in the absence of bevacizumab and with favorable outcome when bevacizumab was administered in patients with advanced breast cancer.
    Clinical Breast Cancer 10/2014; 14(5). DOI:10.1016/j.clbc.2014.02.009 · 2.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the more effective dosing sequence of intermittent erlotinib and docetaxel for treating chemotherapy-naive patients with advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC).
    Anticancer research 10/2014; 34(10):5649-55. · 1.87 Impact Factor
  • Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 08/2014; 73(12). DOI:10.1136/annrheumdis-2014-205990 · 9.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the immunohistochemical expression of p85 in a cohort of trastuzumab-treated HER2-positive and HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer patients. The medical records of all patients with metastatic breast cancer treated with trastuzumab-based regimens between 1998 and 2010 were reviewed and clinical information was obtained. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor tissue samples with adequate material were retrospectively collected from 183 patients. Samples were evaluated by immunohistochemistry for p85, estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PgR), HER2, Ki67, PTEN and phosphorylated Akt (S473 and T308). HER2 status was studied by fluorescence in situ hybridization, as well. PIK3CA mutational status was also evaluated. Median follow-up for all patients was 72 months. Central re-evaluation for HER2 revealed only 111 HER2-positive cases, with the remaining 72 patients being HER2-negative. Median survival was longer in HER2-positive patients (50.7 months) compared to HER2-negative patients (36.6 months) both treated with trastuzumab, but this difference has not reached significance (p = 0.068). In total, 62 % of the patients were found positive for p85, however the p85 protein was not found to be differentially expressed in HER2-positive versus HER2-negative cases. There were no significant associations between protein expression of p85 and any of the markers under study, or with time to progression. Positive p85 protein expression was however associated with poor survival in trastuzumab-treated HER2-positive patients. In our cohort of trastuzumab-treated HER2-positive breast cancer patients, positive p85 protein expression appears to be a prognostic factor of poor survival and, if validated, might have important implications in the treatment of such patients.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 08/2014; DOI:10.1007/s12253-014-9818-2 · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dose-dense sequential chemotherapy including anthracyclines and taxanes has been established in the adjuvant setting of high-risk operable breast cancer. However, the preferable taxane and optimal schedule of administration in a dose-dense regimen have not been defined yet.
    BMC Cancer 07/2014; 14(1):515. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-14-515 · 3.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We sought to determine the predictive value of in situ mRNA measurement compared to traditional methods on a cohort of trastuzumab-treated metastatic breast cancer patients.
    PLoS ONE 06/2014; 9(6):e99131. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0099131 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BackgroundalphaB-crystallin is a small heat shock protein that has recently been characterized as an oncoprotein correlating with the basal core phenotype and with negative prognostic factors in breast carcinomas. The purpose of this study was to evaluate alphaB-crystallin with respect to clinicopathological parameters and the outcome of patients with operable high-risk breast cancer.MethodsA total of 940 tumors were examined, derived from an equal number of patients who had participated in two randomized clinical trials (paclitaxel-containing regimen in 793 cases). Immunohistochemistry for ER, PgR, HER2, Ki67, CK5, CK14, CK17, EGFR, alphaB-crystallin, BRCA1 and p53 was performed. BRCA1 mutation data were available in 89 cases.Resultsalphaβ-crystallin was expressed in 170 cases (18.1%) and more frequently in triple-negative breast carcinomas (TNBC) (45% vs. 14.5% non-TNBC, p < 0.001). alphaB-crystallin protein expression was significantly associated with high Ki67 (Pearson chi-square test, p < 0.001), p53 (p = 0.002) and basal cytokeratin protein expression (p < 0.001), BRCA1 mutations (p = 0.045) and negative ER (p < 0.001) and PgR (p < 0.001). Its overexpression, defined as >30% positive neoplastic cells, was associated with adverse overall survival (Wald’s p = 0.046). However, alphaB-crystallin was not an independent prognostic factor upon multivariate analysis. No interaction between taxane-based therapy and aβ-crystallin expression was observed.ConclusionsIn operable high-risk breast cancer, alphaB-crystallin protein expression is associated with poor prognostic features indicating aggressive tumor behavior, but it does not seem to have an independent impact on patient survival or to interfere with taxane-based therapy.Trial registrationsACTRN12611000506998 (HE10/97 trial) and ACTRN12609001036202 (HE10/00 trial).
    BMC Clinical Pathology 06/2014; 14:28. DOI:10.1186/1472-6890-14-28
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    ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality attributed to traditional cardiovascular risk factors and/or the chronic systemic inflammation. We investigated the effect of a TNF antagonist (adalimumab-ADA) on aortic stiffness in RA patients. We studied 18 RA patients with active disease despite therapy with disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), treated with ADA (alone or in combination with DMARDs) for 12 weeks. Disease activity markers as well as aortic stiffness indices (carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity-PWV, augmentation index-AIx), were measured at baseline and at the end of treatment. Eighteen RA patients treated with methotrexate (MTX) were included as controls. Patients were categorized as responders (decrease of Disease Activity Score-DAS28 > 1.2) or nonresponders. There was a statistically significant decrease in PWV (from 8.18 ± 2.03 to 7.01 ± 1.78 m/s, p = 0.00006) and DAS28 (from 6.65 ± 1.22 to 4.69 ± 1.46, p = 0.00007) in RA patients treated with ADA. The decrease in PWV was observed both in responders (n = 12) and nonresponders (n = 6). Multivariate analysis showed that the decrease of PWV was independent of changes in disease activity or other parameters. There was no significant change in PWV in patients treated with MTX (from 8.87 ± 1.91 to 8.41 ± 2.17, p = 0.29). No significant change in AIx or traditional cardiovascular risk factors was observed. Treatment with ADA significantly reduced aortic stiffness in RA patients regardless of their response to therapy. These findings imply a direct protective effect of ADA in vascular wall in RA patients.
    Clinical Rheumatology 06/2014; 34(2). DOI:10.1007/s10067-014-2718-8 · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    Gerasimos Aravantinos, Dimitrios Pectasides
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    ABSTRACT: As increased angiogenesis has been linked with the progression of ovarian cancer, a number of anti-angiogenic agents have been investigated, or are currently in development, as potential treatment options for patients with advanced disease. Bevacizumab, a recombinant monoclonal antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor, has gained European Medicines Agency approval for the front-line treatment of advanced epithelial ovarian cancer, fallopian tube cancer or primary peritoneal cancer in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel, and for the treatment of first recurrence of platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer in combination with carboplatin and gemcitabine. We conducted a systematic literature review to identify available efficacy and safety data for bevacizumab in ovarian cancer as well as for newer anti-angiogenic agents in development. We analyzed published data from randomized, controlled phase II/III clinical trials enrolling women with ovarian cancer to receive treatment with bevacizumab. We also reviewed available data for emerging anti-angiogenic agents currently in phase II/III development, including trebananib, aflibercept, nintedanib, cediranib, imatinib, pazopanib, sorafenib and sunitinib. Significant efficacy gains were achieved with the addition of bevacizumab to standard chemotherapy in four randomized, double-blind, phase III trials, both as front-line treatment (GOG-0218 and ICON7) and in patients with recurrent disease (OCEANS and AURELIA). The type and frequency of bevacizumab-related adverse events was as expected in these studies based on published data. Promising efficacy data have been published for a number of emerging anti-angiogenic agents in phase III development for advanced ovarian cancer. Further research is needed to identify predictive or prognostic markers of response to bevacizumab in order to optimize patient selection and treatment benefit. Data from phase III trials of newer anti-angiogenic agents in ovarian cancer are awaited.
    Journal of Ovarian Research 05/2014; 7:57. DOI:10.1186/1757-2215-7-57 · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cetuximab is a monoclonal epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeting antibody, used in the treatment of colon cancer. KRAS mutation status is strongly predictive of cetuximab efficacy, but more predictive factors are needed for better patient selection. PTEN is a downstream inhibitor of the EGFR pathway and has been evaluated as a predictive factor of cetuximab efficacy in colorectal cancer. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor tissue samples were collected from 226 patients with advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer that had been treated with cetuximab. Clinical information was collected retrospectively from the patients' medical records. After central evaluation, 147 cases with adequate material were eligible for further evaluation. EGFR and PTEN status was evaluated with immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Data were associated with cetuximab treatment outcome. Additional analysis was performed with previously published data on PIK3CA, BRAF and KRAS mutation status and EGFR ligand amphiregulin (AREG) and epiregulin intratumoral mRNA expression levels. PIK3CA mutation status and PTEN protein expression were also analyzed as a single complex parameter, to evaluate the predictive value of PI3K/PTEN axis dysfunction as one entity. Analysis showed a borderline association of overall response rate (ORR) and time to progression (TTP) with EGFR protein overexpression by IHC (p = 0.059 and p = 0.057, respectively) and a positive association of EGFR gain by FISH (found in only five cases) with longer TTP (p = 0.026). No association was found between ORR or TTP and PTEN IHC or FISH status. Comparative analysis with previously published data showed that PTEN protein expression is associated with longer TTP in patients with wild-type (WT) KRAS (p = 0.036) and especially in the ones with elevated AREG levels (p = 0.046), as well as in patients with both KRAS and BRAF WT (p = 0.019). Patients with both PIK3CA WT and PTEN protein expression had significantly longer TTP (p = 0.010) versus all others, in the absence of BRAF and KRAS mutations, a finding which persisted in the KRAS WT/AREG high subgroup (p = 0.046). In this cetuximab-treated colorectal cancer population, EGFR gain was associated with better outcome and PTEN protein expression with longer TTP in KRAS WT, KRAS WT/AREG high and KRAS/BRAF WT subpopulations. Cetuximab efficacy is greater with intact and activated EGFR signaling, without activating mutations of KRAS/BRAF and in the presence of preserved PTEN inhibitory activity upon the PI3K/AKT pathway. These results reflect a solid biological rationale and warrant further evaluation of the predictive role of PTEN in prospective studies.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 03/2014; DOI:10.1007/s00432-014-1626-2 · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the utility of liver function breath tests [C-Aminopyrine Breath Test (C-ABT), C-Galactose Breath Test (C-GBT)], for the diagnosis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) among nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients. Liver biopsy is currently the gold standard for the differentiation between simple fatty liver (NAFL) and NASH in NAFLD patients. Thirty-six patients with histologically proven NAFLD (NAFL:16, NASH:20) underwent C-ABT and C-GBT. The results were expressed as the percentage of administered C dose recovered per hour (%dose/h) and as cumulative percentage of administered C dose recovered over time (%cumulative dose). Histologic lesions were scored according to Brunt and Kleiner's classifications. C-ABT results correlated inversely with activity grade (r=-0.650, P=0.001), NAFLD activity score (r=-0.473, P=0.026), and fibrosis stage (r=-0.719, P=0.001). Compared with NAFL, NASH patients had significantly lower %dose/h and %cumulative dose at 60, 90, and 120 minutes (always P<0.04) by C-ABT. C-ABT %dose/h and %cumulative dose at 120 minutes could predict the presence of NASH (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve: 0.762 and 0.741, respectively). In contrast, there was no significant association between C-GBT results and any patient characteristic. In the NAFLD patients, decreased and delayed liver microsomal function, as assessed by C-ABT, is associated with more severe necroinflammation and fibrosis, whereas C-ABT results at 120 minutes may be helpful for the diagnosis of NASH.
    Journal of clinical gastroenterology 01/2014; 48(1):59-65. DOI:10.1097/MCG.0000000000000036 · 3.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The 13C-caffeine breath test (CBT) is a non-invasive, quantitative test of liver function which has been shown to correlate inversely to the Child-Pugh score. The aim of the study was to determine the utility of CBT in the assessment of cirrhosis and its correlation to the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score. Thirty-nine patients, 29 with cirrhosis and 10 with chronic liver disease without cirrhosis, and 8 healthy volunteers were included. Cirrhotic patients were graded according to Child-Pugh and MELD scores. All participants underwent CBT and laboratory tests on the same day. The results of the CBT were expressed as percentages of changes over baseline values (Δ‰) per 100 mg caffeine. The mean single 15-min, 30-min, 45-min and 1-h CBT results, as well as cumulative CBT values differed significantly between healthy controls or chronic liver disease patients and cirrhotics (1-h CBT: 3.22±1.06 or 3.56±2.80 vs. 1.69±2.52, P≤0.01). In contrast, the CBT results at any time point or cumulative values did not correlate with MELD or Child-Pugh scores. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis showed that the 30-min CBT values were more accurate in differentiating cirrhotics from chronic liver disease patients (area under ROC curve: 0.871). CBT can reliably differentiate the patients with decompensated cirrhosis from non-cirrhotic patients with chronic liver diseases. However, in patients with decompensated cirrhosis, CBT results do not seem to be associated with the Child-Pugh and MELD scores.
    Annals of Gastroenterology 01/2014; 27(1):53-59.
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    ABSTRACT: Triple negative (TN) breast cancer is an aggressive subtype of breast cancer associated with a unique set of epidemiologic and genetic risk factors. We conducted a two-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) of TN breast cancer (stage 1: 1,529 TN cases, 3,399 controls; stage 2: 2,148 cases, 1,309 controls) to identify loci that influence TN breast cancer risk. Variants in the 19p13.1 and PTHLH loci showed genome-wide significant associations (p<5x10(-8)) in stage 1 and 2 combined. Results also suggested a substantial enrichment of significantly associated variants among the SNPs analyzed in stage 2. Variants from 25 of 74 known breast cancer susceptibility loci were also associated with risk of TN breast cancer (p<0.05). Associations with TN breast cancer were confirmed for ten loci (LGR6, MDM4, CASP8, 2q35, 2p24.1, TERT-rs10069690, ESR1, TOX3, 19p13.1, RALY), and we identified associations with TN breast cancer for 15 additional breast cancer loci (p<0.05: PEX14, 2q24.1, 2q31.1, ADAM29, EBF1, TCF7L2, 11q13.1, 11q24.3, 12p13.1, PTHLH, NTN4, 12q24, BRCA2, RAD51L1-rs2588809, MKL1). Further, two SNPs independent of previously reported signals in ESR1 (rs12525163 Odds Ratio (OR)=1.15, p=4.9x10(-4)) and 19p13.1 (rs1864112 OR=0.84, p=1.8x10(-9)) were associated with TN breast cancer. A polygenic risk score (PRS) for TN breast cancer based on known breast cancer risk variants showed a 4-fold difference in risk between the highest and lowest PRS quintiles (OR=4.03, 95% CI 3.46-4.70, p=4.8x10(-69)). This translates to an absolute risk for TN breast cancer ranging from 0.8% to 3.4%, suggesting that genetic variation may be used for TN breast cancer risk prediction.
    Carcinogenesis 12/2013; DOI:10.1093/carcin/bgt404 · 5.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) with wild-type KRAS mutations are often treated with the endothelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibody cetuximab. Despite the presence of a specific molecular target, most patients still do not derive benefit from this biological treatment. Our study explores the role of ephrin A2 (EphA2) receptor expression and of EGFR pathway mediators as predictors of cetuximab benefit. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor biopsy samples from 226 cetuximab-treated patients with CRC were studied for mRNA expression of insulin growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP2), insulin growth factor receptor 1 (IGF1R), cMET, EphA2, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), HER3, and HER4 by means of TaqMan reverse-transcribed polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Of the 226 patients evaluable for exploratory analysis, 222 had complete data from follow-up visits. The univariate analysis revealed the following significant adverse prognostic factors for risk of death: high EphA2 mRNA levels (hazard ratio [HR], 1.61; P = .015), high HER2 mRNA levels (HR, 1.51; P = .045), and high IGF1R mRNA levels (HR, 1.56; P = .021). Low EphA2 tumor expression was significantly associated with objective response to cetuximab therapy. In multivariate analysis of a broad biomarker panel, factors with independent prognostic value included EphA2 mRNA levels (HR, 1.67; P = .029), high amphiregulin (AREG) mRNA levels in KRAS wild-type tumors (HR, 0.17; P < .0001), and high epiregulin (EREG) mRNA levels (HR, 0.38; P = .006). High EphA2 receptor expression in CRC was associated with a worse outcome in patients treated with cetuximab-based therapy. Prospective validation in treated and control patients is required to dissect the predictive from prognostic role in advanced CRC.
    Clinical Colorectal Cancer 09/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.clcc.2013.07.001 · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Serum HBsAg levels might represent an important predictor of sustained off-treatment response in HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB). We evaluated the changes of HBsAg and interferon-inducible protein 10 (IP10) serum levels in HBeAg-negative CHB patients treated with entecavir. 114 patients received entecavir for a median of 4.3 years. HBsAg levels were determined at baseline, 6 and 12 months and every year thereafter until year-4. IP10 levels were measured at baseline and annually until year-4 in 76 patients. Virological remission rates were high (year-1: 94%, after year-2: 97-98%). Compared to baseline, HBsAg levels decreased by a median of 0.03, 0.13, 0.17, 0.22, and 0.32 log10 IU/mL at 6 months and 1, 2, 3 and 4 years, respectively (P⩽0.001 for all comparisons). The proportions of patients with HBsAg decline of ⩾0.5 or ⩾1 log10 IU/mL were 9% or 6% at year-1 and 21% or 10% at the last visit. Median IP10 levels (pg/mL) did not change from baseline to year-1 or -2 (245 vs 229 or 251), but increased at year-3 and -4 (275 and 323, P<0.030). HBsAg drop ⩾0.5 log10 was associated with baseline IP10 or IP10 >350 pg/mL (P⩽0.002). HBsAg loss occurred in 4/114 (3.5%) patients or in 1/2, 3/21 and 0/91 patients with baseline HBsAg <100, 100-1000 and >1000 IU/mL, respectively (P<0.001). In HBeAg-negative CHB patients, 4-year entecavir therapy decreases serum HBsAg levels, but the rate of decline is rather slow. Serum IP10 levels represent a promising predictor of HBsAg decline in this setting.
    Journal of Hepatology 09/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.jhep.2013.08.023 · 10.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Local recurrence is the major manifestation of treatment failure in patients with operable laryngeal carcinoma. Established clinicopathological factors cannot sufficiently predict patients that are likely to recur after treatment. Additional tools are therefore required to accurately identify patients at high risk for recurrence. This study attempts to identify and independently validate gene expression models, prognostic of disease-free survival (DFS) in operable laryngeal cancer. Using Affymetrix U133A Genechips, we profiled fresh-frozen tumor tissues from 66 patients with laryngeal cancer treated locally with surgery. We applied Cox regression proportional hazards modeling to identify multigene predictors of recurrence. Gene models were then validated in two independent cohorts of 54 and 187 patients (fresh-frozen and formalin-fixed tissue validation sets, respectively). We focused on genes univariately associated with DFS (p<0.01) in the training set. Among several models comprising different numbers of genes, a 30-probe set model demonstrated optimal performance in both the training (log-rank, p<0.001) and 1(st) validation (p = 0.010) sets. Specifically, in the 1(st) validation set, median DFS as predicted by the 30-probe set model, was 34 and 80 months for high- and low-risk patients, respectively. Hazard ratio (HR) for recurrence in the high-risk group was 3.87 (95% CI 1.28-11.73, Wald's p = 0.017). Testing the expression of selected genes from the above model in the 2(nd) validation set, with qPCR, revealed significant associations of single markers, such as ACE2, FLOT1 and PRKD1, with patient DFS. High PRKD1 remained an unfavorable prognostic marker upon multivariate analysis (HR = 2.00, 95% CI 1.28-3.14, p = 0.002) along with positive nodal status. We have established and validated gene models that can successfully stratify patients with laryngeal cancer, based on their risk for recurrence. It seems worthy to prospectively validate PRKD1 expression as a laryngeal cancer prognostic marker, for routine clinical applications.
    PLoS ONE 08/2013; 8(8):e70429. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0070429 · 3.53 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
595.54 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011–2015
    • Hippokration General Hospital, Athens
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
    • University of Southern California
      • Department of Preventive Medicine
      Los Angeles, CA, United States
    • Alexandra Regional General Hospital
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2012–2014
    • Papageorgiou Hospital
      Saloníki, Central Macedonia, Greece
    • Hygeia Hospital
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2011–2013
    • Mayo Clinic - Rochester
      • Department of Health Science Research
      Rochester, Minnesota, United States
  • 2009–2013
    • Metropolitan Hospital
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
    • Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
      Saloníki, Central Macedonia, Greece
  • 2006–2012
    • Harokopion University of Athens
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
    • Hellenic Cooperative Oncology Group
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
    • Πανεπιστημιακό Γενικό Νοσοκομείο Πατρών
      Pátra, West Greece, Greece
  • 2004–2012
    • Attikon University Hospital
      • • Department of Internal Medicine IV
      • • Division of Oncology
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2005
    • Metaxa Cancer Hospital
      Le Pirée, Attica, Greece