Kei Tominaga

Ishikawa Prefectural Central Hospital, Ishiza, Okinawa, Japan

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Publications (11)19.67 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: White globe appearance (WGA) is a small white lesion with a globular shape that can be identified by magnifying endoscopy with narrow band imaging (M-NBI). WGA was recently reported as a novel endoscopic marker that can differentiate between gastric cancer (GC) and low-grade adenoma. However, the usefulness of WGA for differentiating GC from noncancerous lesions (NC), including those of gastritis, is unknown. To compare the prevalence of WGA in GC and NC, we performed a prospective study of 994 patients undergoing gastroscopy. All patients were examined for target lesions that were suspected to be GC. When a target lesion was detected, the presence or absence of WGA in the lesion was evaluated using M-NBI, and all target lesions were biopsied or resected for histopathological diagnosis. Primary endpoint was a comparison of WGA prevalence in GC and NC. Secondary endpoints included WGA diagnostic performance for diagnosing GC. A total of 188 target lesions from 156 patients were analyzed for WGA, and histopathological diagnoses included 70 cases of GC and 118 cases of NC. WGA prevalence in GC and NC was 21.4% (15/70) and 2.5% (3/118), respectively (P < 0.001). WGA diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity for detecting GC were 69.1%, 21.4%, and 97.5%, respectively. WGA prevalence in GC is significantly higher than that in NC. Because WGA is highly specific for GC, the presence of WGA is useful to diagnose GC. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Digestive Endoscopy 07/2015; DOI:10.1111/den.12519 · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (M-NBI) is useful for the diagnosis of gastric mucosal lesions, differentiating between early cancer (EC) and low grade adenoma (LGA) remains a challenge. During M-NBI examination, we have noted the presence of a small, white lesion with a globular shape underneath cancerous gastric epithelium, and have termed this endoscopic finding the "white globe appearance" (WGA). The aim of this study was to determine whether or not the WGA could be an endoscopic marker for distinguishing EC from LGA. We retrospectively analyzed both the M-NBI scans and resected specimens of a total of 111 gastric lesions from 95 consecutive patients. Our main outcome was a difference in the prevalence of the WGA in EC and LGA. The prevalence of the WGA in EC and LGA was 21.5 % (20 /93) and 0 % (0 /18), respectively (P = 0.039). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for differentiating between EC and LGA, according to the presence of the WGA, were 21.5, 100, 100, and 19.8 %, respectively. A positive WGA in a suspicious lesion on M-NBI would be an adjunct to the M-NBI diagnosis of possible EC because the specificity and positive predictive value of the WGA for differentiating between EC and LGA were extremely high. The WGA could be a novel endoscopic marker for differentiating between EC and LGA.
    04/2015; 03(02). DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1391026
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    ABSTRACT: A man in 60s underwent total gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer with para-aortic lymph node metastases. Although postoperative chemotherapy decreased the metastases, he was subsequently admitted with progressive respiratory distress. Pulmonary hypertension and right-sided heart failure developed, and he died of sudden cardiopulmonary arrest 30 hours after admission. Autopsy revealed widespread tumor embolism, fibrocellular intimal proliferation, and thrombus formation in the small arteries, consistent with a diagnosis of pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM) associated with gastric cancer. Although PTTM a rare clinicopathological entity that causes severe pulmonary hypertension, it should be considered as a differential diagnosis for acute dyspnea or pulmonary hypertension in patients with carcinoma, regardless of clinical improvement.
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    ABSTRACT: A 60-year-old female underwent screening colonoscopy. Narrow-band imaging (NBI) without magnification showed a 20-mm, well-demarcated brownish area located close to the dentate line of the anal canal. Conventional white-light imaging revealed an ill-defined, flat lesion with scattered reddish spots at the same site. Magnifying endoscopy with NBI (M-NBI) revealed abnormal microvessels with dilatation, tortuosity, caliber change and various shapes that were similar to the intrapapillary capillary loop patterns seen in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in situ. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was performed, and on histological examination, the resected specimen showed squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in situ and clear surgical margins. Thus, NBI is an efficient method for detecting superficial SCC in the anal canal and M-NBI may be useful for determining the extent of the lesion. During screening colonoscopy, the anal region should be carefully observed using NBI, as early detection offers a greater opportunity for ESD which is a less invasive procedure.
    Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology 06/2014; 7(3):233-237. DOI:10.1007/s12328-014-0481-7
  • Shino Tsubokawa · Kei Tominaga · Hisashi Doyama
    Digestive Endoscopy 05/2014; DOI:10.1111/den.12311 · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of delayed perforation after endoscopic resection for superficial non-ampullary duodenal epithelial tumors is extremely high. Endoscopic tissue shielding with polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheets and fibrin glue is a promising method to prevent delayed perforation after endoscopic resection in the duodenum. However, we often encounter difficulty when covering an artificial ulcer with PGA sheets after endoscopic resection. We report three cases of postoperative ulcers covered by PGA sheets, fibrin glue, and clips.
    Digestive Endoscopy 04/2014; 26(S2). DOI:10.1111/den.12253 · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transoral endoscopy with narrow band imaging (NBI) is useful for identifying early-stage head and neck cancer. However, the screening capability of transoral upper gastrointestinal endoscopy has not yet been systematically evaluated. We evaluated the usefulness of transoral upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for pharyngeal examination. This cross-sectional study evaluated 480 patients. All endoscopic pharyngeal examinations with NBI were carried out in accordance with prescribed procedures, consisting of 10 images each and all images were assessed by a blinded reviewer. We examined the association between the diagnostic usefulness of pharyngeal examination and other factors. Median subject age was 64 years (range 22-90 years), and 64% were male. Almost all patients (98%) had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status of 0 or 1.Butylscopolamine bromide was given to 382 patients (80%), and a sedative was given to 460 (96%) patients. Median observation time was 74 s (range, 16-362 s), resulting in a mean of 9.0 usable images per patient. However, photographs of the right and left pyriform sinuses were consistently poor. Ordered logistic regression analysis showed that quality images were positively correlated with increased patient age. Transoral endoscopic examination was possible in most patients for screening of the head and neck. However, results were poor in the pyriform sinuses, indicating that additional improvements of examination methods and instruments are needed to enhance screening accuracy.
    Digestive Endoscopy 11/2013; 26(3). DOI:10.1111/den.12211 · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nonmagnifying observation by using narrow-band imaging (NBI) is useful for detecting pharyngeal lesions. Magnifying observation by using NBI can distinguish between cancerous and noncancerous lesions and is therefore useful for the early detection of pharyngeal cancer. To evaluate the usefulness of observation of the pharynx by using NBI in the overall population undergoing upper GI endoscopy. Retrospective study. Single tertiary referral center. A total of 11,050 upper GI endoscopies between January 2009 and December 2012. Observation of the pharynx by using NBI. The rate of detection of pharyngeal cancer, the rates of detection according to the reason for endoscopy, and the types of cancers detected. Thirty-eight cancerous lesions were detected in 29 patients (0.26%, 29/11,050). The rate of detection of pharyngeal cancer was significantly higher in patients with a history of head and neck cancer (9.7%, 3/31) or a history of esophageal cancer (3.5%, 10/282). In patients undergoing endoscopy for screening, pharyngeal discomfort, and a history of gastric cancer, the rates of detection of pharyngeal cancer were 0.11% (10/8872), 1.1% (3/265), and 0.19% (3/1600), respectively. Two patients (6.9%) were female. One had a history of esophageal cancer, and the other had pharyngeal discomfort. Single-center, retrospective study. Observation of the pharynx by using NBI in patients with previous head and neck cancer or esophageal cancer or who have pharyngeal discomfort is very important. Moreover, pharyngeal cancer was certainly found in the male patients undergoing screening endoscopy, although the rate was lower.
    Gastrointestinal endoscopy 11/2013; 79(4). DOI:10.1016/j.gie.2013.09.023 · 4.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Narrow-band imaging (NBI) is useful for detecting superficial oropharyngeal lesions. However, the diagnostic and treatment guidelines for NBI are not established. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the treatment strategy for these microlesions. Methods From October 2008 to September 2009, 68 flat-type brownish microlesions were observed in the orohypopharynx using NBI. Lesions were examined via magnifying NBI (M-NBI) and followed up without biopsy or endoscopic resection for >12 months. To clarify the characteristics, lesions were compared with the endoscopic characteristics of flat-type lesions diagnosed by biopsy and endoscopic resection as squamous cell carcinoma and high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia. ResultsThe average diameter of the 68 lesions was 1.6mm (range, 0.5-5mm). At the 1-year follow up, 19 lesions had disappeared. No size increases or morphological changes wereobserved among 49 lesions followed for >1 year. At 2 years, 10 patients had dropped out and 11 lesions had disappeared. No changes were observed among 28 lesions followed for >2 years. Of the flat-type lesions as squamous cell carcinoma and high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, a distinct border and irregular distribution of atypical vessels were observed in all cases using M-NBI. These findings were observed in two of 68 flat-type brownish microlesions during follow up. Conclusion Although there is some possibility of squamous cell carcinoma or high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, flat-type microlesions of 5mm diameter in the orohypopharynx may be followed for up to 2 years without biopsy or endoscopic resection.
    Digestive Endoscopy 06/2013; 26(2). DOI:10.1111/den.12125 · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with bone metastasis originating from gastric cancer experience complications from DIC. They are treated with anticoagulation therapy or platelet transfusion, but their prognosis is poor. Our case was a 50-year-old male who had undergone distal gastrectomy for early gastric cancer[pT1a(M)N0M0, pStage I a]ten years previously. He was admitted to our hospital complaining of backache. As a result of his examination, he was diagnosed with disseminated carcinosis of bone marrow with DIC as a postoperative recurrence of gastric cancer. The patient was treated with combination chemotherapy of S-1 and cisplatin(S-1 80 mg/body, po, day 1-21 and cisplatin 50mg/body, iv, day 8). After one course of treatment, DIC was resolved and his pain was relieved. He survived for about nine months. S-1 and cisplatin are considered to be effective for disseminated carcinosis of bone marrow.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 05/2012; 39(5):813-5.
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    ABSTRACT: In biopsy specimens with low grade adenomas, it is often difficult to identify the presence of high grade adenomas or early carcinomas and low grade adenomas preoperatively, and clear guidelines have not yet been defined for the applicability of endoscopic treatment to low grade adenomas identified in biopsy specimens. We aimed to clarify the usefulness of magnifying endoscopy with narrow band imaging (NBI) compared to conventional white light endoscopy for diagnosing actual high grade adenomas or early carcinomas with low grade adenomas, using the VS (microvascular pattern [V] and microsurface pattern [S]) classification for low grade adenomas in biopsy specimens. The study cohort consisted of 135 patients who were diagnosed with low grade adenomas in preoperative biopsy specimens and received endoscopic submucosal dissection. In the elevated type of lesion, magnifying endoscopy with NBI diagnosed high grade adenomas or early carcinomas at a higher sensitivity and specificity than conventional white light endoscopy (82.4 vs. 70.6%, P = 0.391, 97.3 vs. 54.7%, P < 0.0001). In the depressed macroscopic type of lesion, magnifying endoscopy with NBI also diagnosed high grade adenomas or early carcinomas at a higher sensitivity (95.5 vs. 68.2%, P = 0.0459) than conventional white light endoscopy. Although the specificity was high, at 100%, the difference when compared to conventional white light endoscopy was not significant (100 vs. 100%, P > 0.99). For low grade adenomas in biopsy specimens, it is vital to take sufficient consideration of endoscopic findings and not take action based only on the biopsy results. If a decision is made using the VS classification with magnifying endoscopy with NBI, actual high grade adenomas or early carcinomas can be differentiated from low grade adenomas so that endoscopic treatment can be performed more strictly.
    Gastric Cancer 03/2012; 15(2):170-8. DOI:10.1007/s10120-011-0093-6 · 4.83 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

27 Citations
19.67 Total Impact Points

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Institutions

  • 2012–2015
    • Ishikawa Prefectural Central Hospital
      Ishiza, Okinawa, Japan