The goal of this study was to evaluate the protective efficacy of a cationic nanoparticle-based DNA vaccine expressing antigen 85A (Ag85A) and 6-kDa early secretory antigen target (ESAT-6) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis as well as cytokine interleukin-21 (IL-21) against M. tuberculosis infection. The results of this indicated that the anti-M. tuberculosis immune responses were induced in mice that had received the different DNA vaccines. More importantly, compared with using DNA vaccine Ag85A-ESAT-6-IL-21 alone, the nanoparticle-based DNA vaccine Ag85A-ESAT-6-IL-21 showed a statistically significant increase in the protective efficacy against M. tuberculosis infection in the immunized mice. We concluded that the nanoparticle-based DNA vaccine induced a strong immune response and markedly inhibited the growth of the M. tuberculosis in the mice. These findings highlighted the potential utility of Fe(3)O(4)-Glu-polyethyleneimine nanoparticles encapsulated with the DNA vaccine as a prophylactic vaccine in the M. tuberculosis-infected mouse model. FROM THE CLINICAL EDITOR: This study emphasizes the potential utility of Fe(3)O(4)-Glu-polyethyleneimine nanoparticles encapsulated with DNA vaccine against TB as a prophylactic vaccine. The authors demonstrated a strong immune response and marked growth inhibition of mycobacterium tuberculosis in the mice.
Nanomedicine: nanotechnology, biology, and medicine 03/2012; 8(8):1337-44. DOI:10.1016/j.nano.2012.02.015 · 5.98 Impact Factor