Publications (2)3.82 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: The prevalence of osteoporosis is high in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. The gold standard for the diagnosis of osteoporosis is bone mineral density (BMD) measurements as assessed by dual energy absorptiometry (DXA) scanning as well as vertebral fractures as assessed by instant vertebral assessment (IVA). The aim of this study was to compare COPD GOLD II patients (that is, patients with moderate COPD, stage II, according to the GOLD classification) with osteoporosis (cases) to COPD GOLD II patients without osteoporosis (controls) to identify risk factors for osteoporosis. The diagnosis of osteoporosis was based on BMD and vertebral fractures. Cases (n=49) were matched for gender, age and forced expiratory volume in the first second to controls (n=49). We assessed pulmonary function, body composition, vitamin D, emphysema score (by high-resolution computer tomography), medical history and medication use in all patients. Variables that were significantly different between the cases and controls were included in a logistic regression analysis. COPD patients with osteoporosis had a significantly lower body mass index (BMI) and higher residual volume as the percentage of total lung capacity (RV%TLC) compared to COPD patients without osteoporosis. Decreasing BMI and increasing RV%TLC increased the odds ratio for osteoporosis. Overweight and obese BMI values were protective for osteoporosis. Screening for osteoporosis should be performed even in moderate COPD patients, especially in those with a low BMI and/or a high RV%TLC.Bone 03/2012; 50(6):1234-9. · 3.82 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated the impact of implementation of [(18)F] fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in daily practice on adherence to mediastinal staging protocols and performance of mediastinoscopy in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who are possible candidates for surgical resection. Institutional review board approval was obtained. From a nonuniversity teaching hospital and three surrounding community hospitals in Eindhoven, the Netherlands, we studied data from 143 patients with NSCLC who underwent mediastinoscopy and/or thoracotomy in three consecutive periods (1, 0 to 9 months; 2, 10 to 18 months; and 3, 19 to 31 months) after introduction of PET. Mediastinoscopy was indicated in case of enlarged and/or PET-positive nodes. Adherence to these surgical mediastinal staging guidelines and the performance of PET and mediastinoscopy were investigated and compared between the three periods and with our previous study before introduction of PET. Guidelines for indicating mediastinoscopy were adequately followed in significantly more instances after introduction of PET (80%), compared with the period before PET (66%). Optimal yield (lymph node stations 4, right and left, and 7) of mediastinoscopy (in 27% of patients) was not significantly different from the period before PET (39% of patients). Compared with the historical data, the percentage of positive mediastinoscopies increased from 15.5 to 17.6 (not significant). We found no significant differences between the three consecutive periods with regard to adequacy of indicating and performance of mediastinoscopy. After introduction of PET, adherence to staging guidelines with respect to mediastinoscopy improved. Although fewer mediastinoscopies had an optimal yield, more proved to be positive for metastases. Nevertheless, when a mediastinoscopy is indicated, surgeons must be encouraged to reach an optimal yield because PET positive nodes might be false negative. This occurred in 5% to 6% of all patients.Journal of Oncology Practice 09/2007; 3(5):242-7.