Yoshie Maitani

Kitakyushu University, Kitakyūshū, Fukuoka, Japan

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Publications (189)624.3 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We evaluated structural factors characterizing PEG-b-P(Asp-Bzl) micelles including core size, aggregation number (Nagg), and core surface PEG density by means of small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), field flow fractionation with multi-angle light scattering (FFF-MALS) analysis, and DLS. Furthermore, we evaluated the stability of PEG-b-P(Asp-Bzl) micelles by means of GPC. This paper reports the correlation between the evaluated micelles' structural factors and the micelles' behaviors including the micelles' in vivo pharmacokinetic behaviors. One micelle PEG(12)-b-P(Asp-Bzl) (PEG=12,000) exhibited a high core surface density (~0.99 chain/nm(2)). In these circumstances, PEG(12)-b-P(Asp-Bzl) micelles exhibited a highly stretched PEG brush form. However, the evaluated core surface PEG densities could not fully explain the micelles' in vivo pharmacokinetic behaviors. In contrast, GPC will become a strong tool for predicting PEG(12)-b-P(Asp-Bzl) micelles' in vivo behaviors, as well as the micelles' in vitro behaviors. The stability results correlated strongly with the area-under-the-curve (AUC) values of PEG-b-P(Asp-Bzl) micelles' in vivo pharmacokinetics. Finally, we evaluated PEG(12)-b-P(Asp-Bzl) micelles' most effective structural factor for determining the micelles' behaviors, and the micelles' outermost shell surface's PEG density (DOS, PEG) correlated with the micelles' behaviors. We revealed that the evaluated DOS, PEG is the most important factor for understanding PEG(12)-b-P(Asp-Bzl) micelles' behaviors. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Journal of Controlled Release 02/2015; 203. DOI:10.1016/j.jconrel.2015.02.017 · 7.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Context: Cationic liposomes can efficiently deliver siRNA to the lung by intravenous injection of cationic liposome/siRNA complexes (lipoplexes). Objective: The aim of this study was to examine a formulation of cationic liposomes for siRNA delivery to lung metastasis of breast tumor. Materials and methods: For the preparation of cationic liposomes, 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP) or dimethyldioctadecylammonium bromide (DDAB) as a cationic lipid and cholesterol (Chol) or 1,2-dioleoyl-l-α-glycero-3-phosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) as a neutral lipid were used. In vitro and in vivo gene silencing effects by cationic lipoplexes were evaluated after transfection into stably luciferase-expressing human breast tumor MCF-7-Luc cells and after intravenous injection into mice with lung MCF-7-Luc metastasis, respectively. Intracellular localization of siRNA after transfection into MCF-7 cells by cationic lipoplexes and biodistribution of siRNA after intravenous injection of cationic lipoplexes into the mice with lung metastasis were examined by confocal and fluorescent microscopy analyses, respectively. Results: In in vitro transfection, DOTAP/DOPE and DDAB/DOPE lipoplexes of luciferase siRNA strongly suppressed luciferase activity in MCF-7-Luc cells, but DOTAP/Chol and DDAB/Chol lipoplexes did not, although DOTAP/Chol and DDAB/Chol lipoplexes exhibited higher cellular uptake than DOTAP/DOPE and DDAB/DOPE lipoplexes. When their cationic lipoplexes were intravenously injected into mice with lung MCF-7-Luc metastasis, siRNAs were mainly accumulated in the lungs; however, the reduced luciferase activities in the lung-metastasized tumors were observed only by injections of DOTAP/Chol and DOTAP/DOPE lipoplexes, but not by DDAB/Chol and DDAB/DOPE lipoplexes. Conclusions: DOTAP-based liposomes might be useful as an in vivo siRNA delivery carrier that can induce gene silencing in lung-metastasized tumors.
    Journal of Liposome Research 12/2014; DOI:10.3109/08982104.2014.992024 · 1.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: NMSO3, a sulfated derivative of sialic acid, is a specific inhibitor for P-selectin (CD62P)-mediated cell adhesion. We attempted to apply liposomes modified with NMSO3 for selective targeting of activated platelets. The binding of fluorescently labeled NMSO3-containing liposomes (NMSO3-liposomes) to CHO cells expressing P-selectin (CHO-P cells) and activated platelets were examined. The distribution of NMSO3-liposomes incorporated into the cells was observed by fluorescence microscopy. The binding assay revealed that NMSO3-liposomes specifically bound to immobilized P-selectin and CHO-P cells in a dose-dependent manner. The binding of NMSO3-liposomes to CHO-P cells was much stronger than that to the parental CHO-K1 cells. Fluorescence microscopic observation showed that NMSO3-liposomes were incorporated into CHO-P cells after the binding and distributed throughout the cytoplasm of the cell. NMSO3-liposomes bound more strongly to thrombin-activated platelets than to resting platelets, as assessed by flow cytometry. These results suggest that NMSO3-liposomes can be applied for selective drug delivery to activated platelets.
    Pharmaceutical Research 05/2014; 31(10). DOI:10.1007/s11095-014-1383-6 · 3.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To enhance tumor magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signals via the selective accumulation of contrast agents, we prepared folate-modified gadolinium-lipid-based nanoparticles as MRI contrast agents. Folate-modified nanoparticles were comprised of polyethylene glycol (PEG)-lipid, gadolinium diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid lipid, cationic cholesterol derivatives, folate-conjugated PEG-lipid, and Cy7-PEG-lipid. Folate receptor-mediated cellular nanoparticle association was examined in KB cells, which overexpress the folate receptor. The biodistribution of nanoparticles after their intravenous injection into KB tumor-bearing mice was measured. Mice were imaged through in vivo fluorescence imaging and MRI 24 h after nanoparticle injection, and the intensity enhancement of the tumor MRI signal was evaluated. Increased cellular association of folate-modified nanoparticles was inhibited by excess free folic acid, indicating that nanoparticle association was folate receptor-mediated. Irrespective of folate modification, the amount of nanoparticles in blood 24 h after injection was ca. 10% of the injected dose. Compared with non-modified nanoparticles, folate-modified nanoparticles exhibited significant accumulation in tumor tissues without altering other biodistribution, as well as enhanced tumor fluorescence and MRI signal intensity. The results support the feasibility of MRI- and in vivo fluorescence imaging-based tumor visualization using folate-modified nanoparticles and provide opportunities to develop folate targeting-based imaging applications.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 04/2014; 37(4):521-7. DOI:10.1248/bpb.b13-00484 · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we developed anionic polymer-coated liposome/siRNA complexes (lipoplexes) with chondroitin sulfate C (CS), poly-l-glutamic acid (PGA) and poly-aspartic acid (PAA) for siRNA delivery by intravenous injection, and evaluated the biodistribution and gene silencing effect in mice. The sizes of CS-, PGA- and PAA-coated lipoplexes were about 200 nm and their ζ-potentials were negative. CS-, PGA- and PAA-coated lipoplexes did not induce agglutination after mixing with erythrocytes. In terms of biodistribution, siRNAs after intravenous administration of cationic lipoplexes were largely observed in the lungs, but those of CS-, PGA- and PAA-coated lipoplexes were in both the liver and the kidneys, indicating that siRNA might be partially released from the anionic polymer-coated lipoplexes in the blood circulation and accumulate in the kidney, although the lipoplexes can prevent the agglutination with blood components. To increase the association between siRNA and cationic liposome, we used cholesterol-modified siRNA (siRNA-Chol) for preparation of the lipoplexes. When CS-, PGA- and PAA-coated lipoplexes of siRNA-Chol were injected into mice, siRNA-Chol was mainly observed in the liver, not in the kidneys. In terms of the suppression of gene expression in vivo, apolipoprotein B (ApoB) mRNA in the liver was significantly reduced 48 h after single intravenous injection of PGA-coated lipoplex of ApoB siRNA-Chol (2.5 mg siRNA/kg), but not cationic, CS- and PAA-coated lipoplexes. In terms of toxicity after intravenous injection, CS-, PGA- and PAA-coated lipoplexes did not increase GOT and GPT concentrations in blood. From these findings, PGA coatings for cationic lipoplex of siRNA-Chol might produce a systemic vector of siRNA to the liver.
    Results in Pharma Sciences 01/2014; 4(1). DOI:10.1016/j.rinphs.2014.01.001
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy of an equilibrium magnetization (M0 ) map obtained using a two-dimensional (2D) spoiled gradient-recalled echo (SPGR) pulse sequence with variable flip angle (VFA). Materials and methods: Single-slice 2D SPGR images of 4% agar gel phantoms with different gadolinium-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA) concentrations (0-1 mM) were obtained with a VFA (2-30°). The 2D SPGR-VFA data were acquired with different repetition times (TRs; 7.8-117.2 ms), Gaussian and sinc RF pulses, and different field strengths (4.7, 7, and 9.4 Tesla). M0 and T1 maps were calculated from the 2D SPGR-VFA data. M0 and T1 values were compared with those calculated from free-relaxed 2D gradient-recalled echo (GRE) images and inversion recovery-prepared 2D SPGR images. The M0 and T1 slice profiles were also investigated. Results: Consistent M0 values were obtained, regardless of the different Gd concentrations, TRs, and pulse sequences. The M0 slice profiles calculated from the sliced SPGR-VFA data quantitatively reproduced those calculated from the free-relaxed sliced GRE. In contrast, the T1 values calculated from the 2D SPGR-VFA data were underestimated at a high Gd concentration, short TR, and Gaussian RF pulse. Conclusion: M0 values calculated from 2D SPGR-VFA images are highly quantitative.
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 11/2013; 38(5). DOI:10.1002/jmri.24023 · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Herpes simplex virus types 1 (HSV-1) and 2 (HSV-2) cause genital herpes, which can enhance the acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus. The development of anti-HSV agents with novel mechanisms of action is urgently required in the topical therapy of genital herpes. In this study, the in vitro and in vivo anti-HSV effects of Epomin SP-012(®), a highly cationic polyethylenimine, were evaluated. When the in vitro antiviral effects of SP-012 were assessed, this compound showed potent activity against HSV-1 and HSV-2. It inhibited the attachment of HSV-2 to host cells and cell-to-cell spread of infection in a concentration-dependent manner and exerted a virucidal effect. No SP-012-resistant HSV-2 was found when the virus was successively passaged in the presence of SP-012. In a mouse genital herpes model, topically administered SP-012 inhibited the progression of the disease caused by HSV infection. These data illustrate that SP-012 may be a novel class of HSV inhibitor that would be acceptable for long-term topical application.
    Archives of Virology 09/2013; 159(3). DOI:10.1007/s00705-013-1829-x · 2.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Highly relevant mouse models of human neuroblastoma (NB) are needed to evaluate new therapeutic strategies against NB. In this study, we characterized transgenic mice with bilateral adrenal tumors. On the basis of information from the tumoral gene expression profiles, we examined the antitumor effects of unencapsulated and liposomal doxorubicin (DXR), alone and in combination with gefitinib, on adrenal NB. We showed that intravenous injection of unencapsulated or liposomal DXR alone inhibited tumor growth in a dose-dependent manner, as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, liposomal DXR did not exhibit greater antitumor effect than unencapsulated DXR. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the adrenal tumor vasculature with abundant pericyte coverage was a less leaky structure for liposomes. Combination therapy with unencapsulated or liposomal DXR plus gefitinib strongly suppressed tumor growth and delayed tumor regrowth than treatment with unencapsulated or liposomal DXR alone, even at a lower dose of DXR. Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI analysis revealed that gefitinib treatment increased blood flow in the tumor, indicating that gefitinib treatment changes the tumor vascular environment in a manner that may increase the antitumor effect of DXR. In conclusion, the combination of gefitinib and DXR induces growth inhibition of adrenal NBs in transgenic mice. These findings will provide helpful insights into new treatments for NB.
    Cancer Medicine 06/2013; 2(3):286-95. DOI:10.1002/cam4.76 · 2.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previously, we prepared cationic nanoparticles (NP and NP-N) composed of cholesteryl diamine (OH-Chol, (3S)-N-(2-(2-hydroxyethylamino)ethyl)cholesteryl-3-carboxamide) and cholesteryl triamine (OH-N-Chol, (3S)-N-(2-(2-(2-hydroxyethylamino)ethylamino)ethyl)cholesteryl-3-carboxamide), respectively, with Tween 80 for small interfering RNA (siRNA) delivery into tumor cells. In this study, we prepared NP-0.25N composed of OH-Chol and OH-N-Chol at a molar ratio of 3/1 with Tween 80, and evaluated the transfection efficiency of plasmid DNA (pDNA) into tumor cells. NP-N exhibited lower transfection activity than NP; however, NP-0.25N showed higher transfection activity than both NP and NP-N in various tumor cells. NP-0.25N increased the amount of internalized pDNA by increased cellular association, and improved the escape from endosomes after clathrin-mediated endocytosis. The results of the experiments suggested that cholesteryl triamine may have potential as a helper lipid to increase the transfection for pDNA delivery by cationic cholesterol-based nanoparticles.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 05/2013; 36(5):856-60. DOI:10.1248/bpb.b12-01062 · 1.83 Impact Factor
  • Yoshiyuki Hattori · Haruka Yamasaku · Yoshie Maitani
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract In this study, we developed an anionic lipoplex by coating cationic lipoplex with anionic polymers such as hyaluronan (HA), chondroitin sulfate C (CS) and poly-l-glutamic acid (PLE) to deliver the plasmid DNA efficiently into the tumor by avoiding interaction with erythrocytes. The sizes of HA-, CS- and PLE-coated lipoplexes were ∼200 nm and the ζ-potentials were negative. CS- and PLE-coated lipoplexes did not induce agglutination after mixing with erythrocytes, but cationic and HA-coated lipoplexes exhibited agglutination. In terms of biodistribution and gene expression after intravenous administration, cationic and HA-coated lipoplexes largely accumulated and induced gene expression in the lung. In contrast, CS- and PLE-coated lipoplexes did not exhibit high gene expression in the lung and mainly accumulated in the liver. However, in tumor, differences in lipoplex accumulation and gene expression were not observed among the lipoplexes. In terms of toxicity after intravenous injection, CS- and PLE-coated lipoplexes did not increase tumor necrosis factor-α, aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase concentrations in blood. From these findings, CS and PLE coatings for cationic lipoplex might produce safe systemic vectors, although they did not increase gene expression in tumor.
    Journal of Drug Targeting 04/2013; 21(7). DOI:10.3109/1061186X.2013.789035 · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The size and shape of intravenously injected particles can affect their biodistribution and is of importance for the development of particulated drug carrier systems. In this study, organic nanotubes (ONTs) with a carboxyl group at the surface, a length of approximately 2 μm and outer diameter of 70-90 nm, were injected intravenously into tumor-bearing mice. To use ONTs as drug carriers, the biodistribution in selected organs of ONTs postinjection was examined using irinotecan, as an entrapped water-soluble marker inside ONTs, and gadolinium-chelated ONT, as an ONT marker, and compared with that of a 3 μm fluorescently labeled spherical microparticle which was similar size to the length of ONTs. It was found that for irinotecan, its active metabolite and gadolinium-chelated ONTs were highly accumulated in the lung, but to a lower level in the liver and spleen. On the other hand, microparticles deposited less in the lung and more highly in the liver. Moreover, histologic examination showed ONTs distributed more in lung tissues in part, whereas microparticles were present in blood vessels postinjection. These preliminary results support the notion of using negatively charged ONTs as intravascular carriers to maximize accumulation in the lung whilst reducing sequestration by the liver and spleen. This finding suggested that ONTs are potential carriers for lung-targeting drug delivery.
    International Journal of Nanomedicine 01/2013; 8:315-23. DOI:10.2147/IJN.S38462 · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The development of antiviral agents that have novel mechanisms of action is urgently required in the topical therapy of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infections. We reported previously that topical application of branched 3610-Da polyethylenimine (PEI) exhibited preventative antiviral activity. In this study, to develop therapeutic anti-HSV-2 agents, the most potent PEI combined with ~200 nm-sized liposomes with or without oleic acid (liposomes/PEI) was selected in vitro and further evaluated using in vivo studies. The mechanism of action in vivo was elucidated using PEIs with decreased numbers of primary amine residues, resulting from ethylene carbonate treatment, and polyallylamine, a linear polyamine consisting of primary amines. Cytotoxicity and antiviral activity in vitro, and the appearance of acute herpetic disease and virus yields in mice intravaginally administered with liposomes/PEI were evaluated in cell culture assays and a mouse genital herpes model, respectively. In addition, the cellular association of liposome/PEI was examined by flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. PEI showed higher antiviral activity postinfection than preinfection in vivo. Liposome/PEI and PEI with decreased numbers of primary amine residues at a dose of 0.2 mg PEI/mouse exhibited more potent therapeutic antiviral activity than acyclovir and PEI alone without acute lesion appearance or toxicity pre- or postinfection, but polyallylamine was moderately effective only preinfection. Liposome concentrations were important for the effectiveness of liposome/PEI. This finding suggests that PEI combined with liposomes and with slightly decreased numbers of primary amines may be an effective vaginally administrated antiviral drug, and secondary and tertiary amine residues of PEI may contribute to the inhibitory efficiency against viral infection.
    Journal of Controlled Release 01/2013; 166(2). DOI:10.1016/j.jconrel.2012.12.027 · 7.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previously, we reported that cationic nanoparticles (NP) composed of cholesteryl diamine (OH-Chol, (3S)-N-(2-(2-hydroxyethylamino)ethyl)cholesteryl-3-carboxamide) and Tween 80 could deliver plasmid DNA (pDNA) and small interfering RNA (siRNA) with high transfection efficiency into various tumor cells. In this study, to facilitate the endosomal escape of siRNA transfected by lipid-based nanoparticles, we synthesized new cationic cholesteryl triamine (OH-N-Chol, (3S)-N-(2-(2-(2-hydroxyethylamino)ethylamino)ethyl)cholesteryl-3-carboxamide) with an ethylenimine extension, and prepared cationic nanoparticles (NP-N) composed of cholesteryl triamine and Tween 80. Although NP-N/siRNA complex (NP-N nanoplex) after mixing NP-N with siRNA was>350nm in size, the vortex-mixing during the nanoplex formation decreased it to about 200nm, which was an injectable size. NP-N nanoplex was mainly internalized by macropinocytosis-mediated endocytosis, as was NP nanoplex, and showed higher gene knockdown efficiency than NP nanoplex in human cervical carcinoma SiHa cells. From these results, cationic nanoparticles composed of OH-N-Chol and Tween 80 may have potential as a gene vector for siRNA transfection to tumor cells.
    International Journal of Pharmaceutics 12/2012; 443(1–2). DOI:10.1016/j.ijpharm.2012.12.017 · 3.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mercaptoundecahydrododecaborate (BSH)-encapsulating 10% distearoyl boron lipid (DSBL) liposomes were developed as a boron delivery vehicle for neutron capture therapy. The current approach is unique because the liposome shell itself possesses cytocidal potential in addition to its encapsulated agents. BSH-encapsulating 10% DSBL liposomes have high boron content (B/P ratio: 2.6) that enables us to prepare liposome solution with 5000 ppm boron concentration. BSH-encapsulating 10% DSBL liposomes displayed excellent boron delivery efficacy to tumor: boron concentrations reached 174, 93, and 32 ppm at doses of 50, 30, and 15 mg B/kg, respectively. Magnescope was also encapsulated in the 10% DSBL liposomes and the real-time biodistribution of the Magnescope-encapsulating DSBL liposomes was measured in a living body using MRI. Significant antitumor effect was observed in mice injected with BSH-encapsulating 10% DSBL liposomes even at the dose of 15 mg B/kg; the tumor completely disappeared three weeks after thermal neutron irradiation (1.5-1.8 × 10(12) neutrons/cm(2)). The current results enabled us to reduce the total dose of liposomes to less than one-fifth compared with that of the BSH-encapsulating liposomes without reducing the efficacy of boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT).
    Bioconjugate Chemistry 12/2012; 24(1). DOI:10.1021/bc300527n · 4.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Injections of poly(ethylene glycol)-modified liposomes (PEG-liposomes) cause rapid clearance of the second dose of PEG-liposomes. This phenomenon is known as the accelerated blood clearance (ABC) phenomenon. Previous studies have suggested that PEG-specific IgM (anti-PEG IgM) can play a major role in the ABC phenomenon. In our previous study, however, a PEG-shell-possessing polymeric micelle with hydrophilic inner core (PEG-P(Lys-DOTA-Gd) micelle) did not induce the ABC phenomenon, no IgM responses, and exhibited no change in its plasma concentration in PEG-liposome-injected mice. In the present paper, we studied the ABC-phenomenon in more detail by comparing the behaviors between PEG-liposomes, PEG-P(Lys-DOTA-Gd) micelle, and hydrophobic-core-possessing PEG-PBLA micelles. We demonstrated that the PEG-PBLA micelle induced similar IgM responses as observed in PEG-liposome; however, the second dose of PEG-PBLA micelle exhibited no decreases in their plasma concentration, while the second dose of PEG-liposome did exhibit rapid clearances. Furthermore, we did not observe any PEG main chain specific IgM in PEG-liposome injected mice by sandwich ELISA which can measure more specific IgM to the PEG main chain theoretically. These results suggested that the induced IgM recognizes an interface between PEG chain and hydrophobic chain, rather than PEG main chain, and the anti-PEG IgM hypothesis should be re-evaluated.
    Journal of Controlled Release 12/2012; 165(3). DOI:10.1016/j.jconrel.2012.11.016 · 7.71 Impact Factor
  • Atsushi Sakurai · Kazuhiro Sako · Yoshie Maitani
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated the effect of manufacturing factors such as particle size, water content and manufacturing method on the physical stability and solubility of solid dispersion formulations of a low-glass-transition-temperature (T(g)) drug. Solid dispersions were prepared from polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) by hot melt extrusion or spray drying. Water content of solid dispersions prepared by hot melt extrusion determined by dynamic moisture sorption measurement was increased drastically with relative humidity below a certain level of particle size. The blends with a lower water content (0.8%) prepared by hot melt extrusion during storage were more stable than those with a higher water content (3.5%) prepared by spray drying, which caused rapid recrystallization. Physical stability in the hot melt blends may be attributed to reduced molecular mobility due to a higher T(g). Dissolution study revealed that solid dispersions prepared by hot melt extrusion with the smallest particle size showed decreased solubility, attributed to reduced wetting properties (surface energy), which is not predictable by the Noyes-Whitney equation. Taken together, these results indicate that the control of particle size concerned in water content or wetting properties is critical to ensuring the physical stability or enhancing solubility of low-T(g) drugs. Further, hot melt extrusion, which can reduce water content, is a suitable manufacturing method for solid dispersions of low-T(g) drugs.
    Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin 11/2012; 60(11):1366-71. DOI:10.1248/cpb.c12-00354 · 1.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The α3β1 integrin is an adhesion receptor for extracellular matrix proteins, and plays crucial roles in cell motility, proliferation, and differentiation. The aberrant expression of this adhesion molecule on tumor cells is frequently associated with their malignant behaviors. We previously reported that the Ets transcription factor-binding consensus sequence at 133 bp upstream of the mouse α3 integrin gene is an important element for its expression in various tumor cell lines. In the present study, we attempted to identify a transcription factor bound to the Ets-consensus sequence and found that Ets-1 bound to this sequence in an electrophoretic mobility shift assay, chromatin immunoprecipitation assay, and pull-down assay using a tandem repeat of the sequence as adsorbent. We next examined the role of Ets-1 in α3 integrin gene expression by a luciferase assay with a reporter plasmid containing the 5'-flanking region of the α3 integrin gene. Co-transfection of HEK293T cells with an Ets-1 expression construct and the reporter plasmid increased luciferase activity. By contrast, transfection of HT1080 cells (high α3 integrin expresser) with a dominant-negative mutant of Ets-1 decreased luciferase activity. Overexpression of Ets-1 in HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma cells (low α3 integrin expresser) upregulated α3 integrin expression as assessed by immunoprecipitation. Finally, the induction of α3 integrin gene expression in HepG2 cells after transforming growth factor-β1 treatment was abrogated by the dominant-negative mutant of Ets-1. These results suggest that Ets-1 is involved in transcriptional activation of the α3 integrin gene through its binding to the Ets-consensus sequence at -133 bp. © 2012 The Authors Journal compilation © 2012 FEBS.
    FEBS Journal 10/2012; 279(24). DOI:10.1111/febs.12040 · 4.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pheochromocytomas are highly angiogenic neuroendocrine tumors. The side effects of treatment with cytotoxic agents frequently outweigh the benefits. Neuroendocrine tumors are highly angiogenic, dependent on vascular endothelial growth factor and receptor (VEGFR) activation. Sunitinib has antitumor and antiangiogenic activities that target VEGFRs. We investigated the antitumor activity of liposomal sunitinib and irinotecan alone and in combination. Liposomal sunitinib and irinotecan, and liposomes co-loaded with both drugs were prepared, and antitumor activity and biodistribution were examined in nude mice bearing PC12 tumors. Liposomal sunitinib increased in life span (ILS, 14.3%) compared with free sunitinib (-17.1% ILS) with moderate tumor growth suppression, whereas liposomal irinotecan suppressed tumor growth significantly without a survival benefit compared with free irinotecan (-21.7 and -13.3% ILSs, respectively). The combination of liposomal sunitinib plus liposomal irinotecan, and liposomes co-loaded with both drugs, induced significant inhibition of tumor growth and increased life-span more than the combination of free drugs. Accumulation of irinotecan in tumors by the combination of the two liposomal drugs and liposomes co-loaded with both drugs was significantly increased compared with the combination of free drugs. This study provides novel formulations of sunitinib and irinotecan in combination for the treatment of pheochromocytoma.
    Journal of Drug Targeting 10/2012; 20(10). DOI:10.3109/1061186X.2012.723215 · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Menthosomes, novel deformable carriers for the enhancement of transdermal delivery are introduced in this study. Meloxicam (MX)-loaded menthosomes were formulated, and their physicochemical characteristics and skin permeability were evaluated. A two-factor spherical and second-order composite experimental design was used to prepare the formulation of the menthosomes. Ten formulations of menthosomes composed of a phospholipid as the lipid bilayer carrier, cholesterol (Chol) as a stabilizer and cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) and L-menthol as penetration enhancers were prepared. The amounts of Chol and CPC were selected as causal factors. Physicochemical characteristics (particle size, size distribution, zeta potential, elasticity and drug content) and an in vitro skin-permeation study of meloxicam-loaded menthosomes were evaluated. The concentrations of MX that permeated the skin at 2-12 h and the flux were selected as response variables. The optimal formulation was estimated using a nonlinear response-surface method incorporating thin-plate spline interpolation. The experimental values were very close to the values predicted by the computer programs in this study. A Bayesian network analysis was applied to gain a mechanistic understanding of the relationships between causal factors and response variables.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 10/2012; 35(10):1720-8. DOI:10.1248/bpb.b12-00343 · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    Kazuo Watanabe · Makoto Kaneko · Yoshie Maitani
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    ABSTRACT: Folate-polymer-coated liposomes were developed for targeted chemotherapy using doxorubicin (DXR) as a model drug. Folate-poly(L-lysine) (F-PLL) conjugates with a folate modification degree of 16.7 mol% on epsilon amino groups of PLL were synthesized. DXR-loaded anionic liposomes were coated with F-PLL, and the cellular association of F-PLL-coated liposomes was evaluated by flow cytometry, and confocal microscopy in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma KB cells overexpressing folate receptors (FRs), and human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells [FR (-)]. The existence of a polymer layer on the surface of F-PLL-coated liposomes was confirmed by zeta potential analysis. The KB cellular association of F-PLL-coated liposomal DXR was increased compared with that of PLL-coated liposomes and was inhibited in the presence of free folic acid. Twofold higher cytotoxicity of F-PLL-coated liposomal DXR was observed compared with that of the PLL-coated liposomal DXR in KB cells, but not in A549 cells, suggesting the presence of FR-mediated endocytosis. These results indicated that folate-targeted liposomes were prepared successfully by coating the folate-polymer conjugate F-PLL. This novel preparation method of folate-targeted liposomes is expected to provide a powerful tool for the development of a folate-targeting drug nanodevice as coating with ligand-polymer conjugates can be applicable to many kinds of particles, as well as to lipid-based particles.
    International Journal of Nanomedicine 07/2012; 7:3679-88. DOI:10.2147/IJN.S32853 · 4.38 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
624.30 Total Impact Points


  • 2015
    • Kitakyushu University
      • Faculty of Environmental Engineering
      Kitakyūshū, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 1989–2014
    • Hoshi University
      • • Institute of Medicinal Chemistry
      • • Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2012
    • Hokkaido Pharmaceutical University School of Pharmacy
      • Department of Microbiology
      Otaru, Hokkaidō, Japan
  • 2004
    • Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology
      Kawasaki Si, Kanagawa, Japan
  • 2001
    • Peking University
      • School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Beijing, Beijing Shi, China