Mohammed Abuelkhair

United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

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Publications (4)2.67 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Pharmaceutical expenditure has risen rapidly in Abu Dhabi, resulting in policies surrounding generics. However, various circumstances will reduce potential savings, including pharmacists still being free to dispense either originator or branded generics and be fully reimbursed. To research the changes in utilization patterns of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and lipid-lowering drugs before and after combined reforms on generics; and subsequently, calculate potential savings based on 'best practices' among Western European countries. An uncontrolled before-and-after observational study of utilization and expenditure of PPIs, statins and ezetimibe between 2004 and 2010, as well as up to 12 months before the first generic policy, to 1 year after the second generic policy, was carried out. Utilization was converted to defined daily doses (DDDs; 2011 DDDs) and DDDs/1000 inhabitants per day. Expenditure/DDD was calculated for omeprazole and simvastatin. PPI utilization rose by 6.5-fold from 2004 to 2010, principally driven by increased utilization of patent-protected PPIs, although more recently stabilization in esomperazole utilization has occurred. Similar changes were seen for statins. Introduction of best practices would reduce PPI expenditure in 2010 by 32.8 million United Arab Emirates dirham (AED; €6.26 million) and statins by over 27 million AED (€5.15 million). Limited demand-side measures led to increased utilization of patent-protected products in Abu Dhabi following the generic reforms. Successful measures will release considerable resources.
    Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research 02/2012; 12(1):115-24. · 1.67 Impact Factor
  • Sahar A. Fahmy, Shajahan Abdu, Mohammed Abuelkhair
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    ABSTRACT: Objetivo: El propósito del estudio fue evaluar la práctica actual de los farmacéuticos, las percepciones y el conocimiento sobre el uso de plantas medicinales en Abu Dhabi, Emiratos Árabes Unidos (EAU). El estudio evaluó la necesidad de incorporar las plantas medicinales como materia separada en el currículo de los estudiantes de farmacia. Métodos: El estudio se realizó en 600 farmacéuticos empleados en Abu Dhabi, que fueron contactados electrónicamente, de los que 271 completaron la encuesta. Los datos se recogieron utilizando un cuestionario estructurado. Resultados: El uso de plantas medicinales es elevado en EAU, ya que existe una creencia sobre la alta efectividad de estos productos, y sólo la edad fue la variable más predominante que influenció el uso personal de plantas medicinales por los farmacéuticos (p-value=0.0171). Los farmacéuticos tenían más conocimientos de los usos/indicaciones de las plantas medicinales (47%) que de otras áreas. El conocimiento del modo de dispensación (prescripción o over-the-counter) obligado por el Ministerio de Salud era bastante bueno, sin embargo se vio que la fuente de información para la dispensación eran los representantes médicos (48%). El conocimiento del modo de dispensación pareció estar influenciado significativamente por el lugar de trabajo, con mayor conocimiento los que trabajaban en el sector privado (p-value 0.0007). Los resultados del estudio también señalan la necesidad de incluir las plantas medicinales como materia separada en el currículo de la facultad de farmacia y de proporcionar más seminarios y programas de formación continua enfocados hacia los farmacéuticos del Emirato de Abu Dhabi. Conclusiones: Los farmacéuticos necesitan estar informados de indicaciones, interacciones, efectos adversos y precauciones de las plantas medicinales. Las entidades relacionadas también deben proporcionarles programas de formación continua regulares además de incluir los aspectos relevantes de las plantas medicinales en el currículo de los estudiantes de farmacia.
    Pharmacy Practice 06/2010; 8(2):109-111.
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    Sahar A. FAHMY, Shajahan ABDU, Mohammed ABUELKHAIR
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The purpose of the study was to assess pharmacists’ current practice, perception and knowledge towards the use of herbal products in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE). The study assessed the need for incorporating herbal medicine as a separate topic in under- graduate pharmacy student curricula. Methods: The study was done on 600 pharmacists employed in Abu Dhabi, who were contacted electronically, out of which 271 had completed the survey. The data was collected using a structured questionnaire. Results: Pharmacists’ use of herbal products is high in the UAE, as they have a high belief on the effectiveness of herbal products, and only age was found to be the most predominant variable that was influencing pharmacists’ personal use of herbal products (p-value=0.0171). Pharmacists were more knowledgeable on the uses/indications of herbal products (47%) rather than on other areas. Knowledge of the dispensing mode (prescription only or over the counter medicines) mandated by the Ministry of Health was quite good, however, it is to be noted that the source of information on the dispensing mode was provided by medical representatives (48%). Knowledge of dispensing mode of herbal products was found to be significantly influenced by the place of work with more knowledge of the dispensing mode by pharmacists working in the private sector (p-value 0.0007). The results from the study also underscores the need for including herbal medicine as a separate topic in pharmacy college curriculum and to provide for more seminars and continuing pharmacy education programs targeting pharmacists in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. Conclusions: Pharmacists need to be informed on indications, drug interactions, adverse events and precautions of herbal products. Concerned bodies must also provide them with regular continuing education programs apart from putting their efforts to incorporate relevant topics on herbal medicine in the pharmacy students’ curriculum
    Pharmacy Practice. 01/2010; 8:109-115.
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    Abobakr Abasaeed, Jiri Vlcek, Mohammed Abuelkhair, Ales Kubena
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    ABSTRACT: Self-medication with antibiotics may increase the risk of inappropriate use and the selection of resistant bacteria. The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of self-medication with antibiotics in Abu Dhabi. A validated, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, and the chi-square test when applicable. One thousand subjects were invited to participate in the study. Eight hundred sixty questionnaires were completed, with a respondent rate of 86%, consisting of 66% males and 34% females. Among the 860 participants, 485 (56%) reported the use of antibiotics within the last year. Amoxicillin was the antibiotic most commonly used (46.3%). The survey showed a significant association between antibiotics used and age group (p < 0.001). Of the participants surveyed, 393 (46%) stated that they intentionally use antibiotics as self-medication without a medical consultation, a behavior that is significantly affected by educational levels (p<0.001). Two hundred forty-five (28%) participants stored antibiotics at home. These antibiotics were mostly acquired from community pharmacies without prescriptions (p<0.001). The results of this study confirm that antibiotic self-medication is a relatively frequent problem in Abu Dhabi. Interventions are required in order to reduce the frequency of antibiotic misuse.
    The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries 01/2009; 3(7):491-7. · 1.00 Impact Factor