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Publications (3)4.81 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of recombinant human endostatin (rhEndostatin) on adjuvant arthritis (AA) in rats and its possible mechanisms. RhEndostatin was subcutaneously administrated to AA rats after immunization. The progression of AA was assessed by the macroscopic arthritis scoring system of paws. Histological examination of the synovial tissues was examined by hematoxylin and eosin staining. The expression level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mRNA and proteins in the synovial tissues was evaluated by realtime PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) were isolated from synovial tissues. Cell proliferation assay was evaluateded with 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide. The levels of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in culture medium was examined by radioimmno assay. RhEndostatin attenuated the severity of arthritis on both second hind paw volume and polyarthritis score, as well as improved the arthritic status histologically in AA rats. Simultaneously, rhEndostatin can inhibit the expression of VEGF in synovial tissues. The proliferation of FLS and TNF-α, IL-1β production from culture medium was significantly inhibited by rhEndostatin. Our data suggest that rhEndostatin inhibits adjuvant arthritis by down-regulating VEGF expression and suppression of TNF-α, IL-1β production.
    Agents and Actions 05/2012; 61(8):827-35. · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) are members of the degenerin/epithelial sodium channel (DEG/ENaC) protein superfamily and play a critical role in acid-induced cell injury. In this study, we examined whether drugs such as amiloride that block ASICs could attenuate acid-induced apoptotic injury to articular chondrocytes. Articular chondrocytes were isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats, and their phenotype was determined by toluidine blue and immunocytochemical staining. Articular chondrocyte viability assay was performed with 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT). Apoptosis of chondrocytes was observed by the terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling method as well as propidium iodide labeling methods. Intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) was analyzed by a Ca(2+)-imaging method. In addition, the expression levels of calpain and calcineurin in articular chondrocytes were examined by real-time PCR and immunocytochemical staining. The activity of caspase-3 was evaluated by spectrophotometric assays. Positive staining for glycosaminoglycan and collagen II was seen in articular chondrocytes. Blocking acid-sensing ion channels significantly decreased the cell death percentage and increased cell viability following acid exposure. After pretreated with amiloride, acid-induced [Ca(2+)](i) rises were reduced. Amiloride also inhibited calpain and calcineurin expression levels in acid-induced chondrocytes, and inhibited caspase-3 activity. The data presented in this study provided some experimental evidence that blocking ASICs could protect acid-induced apoptotic injury to chondrocytes.
    Agents and Actions 01/2012; 61(4):327-35. · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A significant decrease in tissue pH or acidosis is a common feature of numerous diseases, including RA (rheumatoid arthritis). Cartilage homoeostasis is profoundly affected by local acidosis in the joints. The diuretic, amiloride, is neuroprotective in models of cerebral ischaemia, a property attributable to the inhibition of ASICs (acid-sensing ion channels) by the drug. However, little is known about the effect of amiloride on apoptosis induced by extracellular acid in articular chondrocytes. We have found that amiloride could restrain the acid-induced apoptosis of rat articular chondrocytes in vitro. Primary rat articular chondrocytes were isolated, cultured and induced to apoptose by exposure to extracellular solution (pH 6.0), while simultaneously treated with 50-200 μM amiloride. Apoptotic rate, mitochondrial function, levels of apoptosis-related gene Bcl-2 family mRNA and activity of caspase 3/9 in chondrocytes were examined. Amiloride inhibited chondrocyte apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, amiloride partly restored the levels of mitochondrial membrane potential by regulation of Bcl-2 family gene mRNA expression, and activity of caspase 3/9 in chondrocytes induced by extracellular acid. Our results indicated that amiloride protected against acid-induced apoptosis in rat articular chondrocytes by increasing anti-apoptotic ability and down-regulation of pro-apoptotic factors, thus protecting mitochondrial function.
    Cell Biology International 12/2011; 36(7):635-41. · 1.64 Impact Factor