Yaowen Chen

Shantou University, Swatow, Guangdong, China

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Publications (13)39.39 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A solid-state electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor based on a DNA-modified electrode platform that depends on the variation of π–π interaction before and after the binding of target analytes is put forward. The single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) probe was successfully assembled on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode (GCE), which was pre-modified with Ru(bpy)32+ complex and gold nanoparticles (GNPs). The ssDNA probe could strongly adsorb graphene due to the strong π–π interaction between nucleotides and graphene (GN), while in the presence of Hg2+, the conformational transformation of DNA from a single-stranded to a double-stranded structure resulted in inhibited adsorption of GN. With thymine (T)-rich ssDNA as a Hg2+ probe, we prepared the ECL biosensor by using ferrocene–graphene (Fc–GN) as a quenching unit to quench the ECL emission of Ru(bpy)32+, and the Hg2+ can be detected by quenching efficiency transformation when the Fc–GN gets away from Ru(bpy)32+. The biosensor exhibited a sensitive response to various ranges of concentration of Hg2+ with a detection limit of 18 pM. The ECL biosensor held great promise in the highly sensitive and selective detection of Hg2+ in natural water.
    J. Mater. Chem. B. 05/2014; 2(21).
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    ABSTRACT: Biosensor based on DNA hybridization holds great potential to get higher sensitivity as the optimal DNA hybridization efficiency can be achieved by controlling the distribution and orientation of probe strands on the transducer surface. In this work, an innovative strategy is reported to tap the sensitivity potential of current electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensing system by dispersedly anchoring the DNA beacons on the gold nanoparticles (GNPs) array which was electrodeposited on the glassy carbon electrode surface, rather than simply sprawling the coil-like strands onto planar gold surface. The strategy was developed by designing a "signal-on" ECL biosensing switch fabricated on the GNPs nanopatterned electrode surface for enhanced ultra-sensitivity detection of Hg(2+). A 57-mer hairpin-DNA labeled with ferrocene as ECL quencher and a 13-mer DNA labeled with Ru(bpy)3(2+) as reporter were hybridized to construct the signal generator in off-state. A 31-mer thymine (T)-rich capture-DNA was introduced to form T-T mismatches with the loop sequence of the hairpin-DNA in the presence of Hg(2+) and induce the stem-loop open, meanwhile the ECL "signal-on" was triggered. The peak sensitivity with the lowest detection limit of 0.1nM was achieved with the optimal GNPs number density while exorbitant GNPs deposition resulted in sensitivity deterioration for the biosensor. We expect the present strategy could lead the renovation of the existing probe-immobilized ECL genosensor design to get an even higher sensitivity in ultralow level of target detection such as the identification of genetic diseases and disorders in basic research and clinical application.
    Biosensors & Bioelectronics 05/2013; 49C:139-145. · 6.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We developed a novel electrochemiluminescence (ECL) ethanol biosensor based on [Formula: see text] and alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) immobilized by graphene/bovine serum albumin composite film. The graphene film was directly formed on a glassy carbon electrode surface via an in situ reduction of graphene oxide (GO) and [Formula: see text] was immobilized during its formation. The graphene film acted as both a decorating agent for immobilization of [Formula: see text] and a matrix to immobilize bovine serum albumin (BSA), meanwhile BSA not only acted as a reductant to reduce GO, but also provided a friendly environment for ADH immobilization. Furthermore, ADH was separated from [Formula: see text] by the electron-conductive graphene/BSA composite film to retain its enzymatic activity. The experimental results indicated that the biosensor had excellent electrochemical activity, ECL response to ethanol and stability. Such a design of [Formula: see text] -graphene/BSA film to modify electrode holds a great promise as a new biocompatible platform for the development of enzyme-based ECL biosensors.
    Biosensors & Bioelectronics 10/2012; · 6.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A simple, cost-effective, and rapid colorimetric method for hydrazine detection using tryptophan-caped gold nanoparticles (Trp-AuNPs) has been developed. Tryptophan (Trp) is a protein with reducibility and amino group which can reduce chloroauric acid (HAuCl4) to AuNPs and modify the surface of AuNPs simultaneously. The Trp-AuNPs could be used to quantitatively detect hydrazine and showed different responses to vary concentration of hydrazine in an aqueous solution based on the aggregation-induced color change of Trp-AuNPs. The real water sample analysis verified the conclusion. The sensitivity of the detection system was influenced by the size of AuNPs which is determined by the pH of the detection system, the concentration of Trp, and the react time. We found that higher temperature contributed to more rapidly results. The detection system can detect as low as 1 μM hydrazine. We expect our approach to have wide-ranging applications in the developing region for monitoring water quality in some areas.
    Journal of Spectroscopy. 10/2012; 2013.
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    ABSTRACT: A rapid and efficient dual preconcentration method of on-line single drop liquid-liquid-liquid microextraction (SD-LLLME) coupled to sweeping micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) was developed for trace analysis of three antihistamines (mizolastine, chlorpheniramine and pheniramine) in human urine. Three analytes were firstly extracted from donor phase (4 mL urine sample) adjusted to alkaline condition (0.5 M NaOH). The unionized analytes were subsequently extracted into a drop of n-octanol layered over the urine sample, and then into a microdrop of acceptor phase (100 mM H(3)PO(4)) suspended from a capillary inlet. The enriched acceptor phase was on-line injected into capillary with a height difference and then analyzed directly by sweeping MEKC. Good linear relationships were obtained for all analytes in a range of 6.25 × 10(-6) to 2.5 × 10(-4)g/L with correlation coefficients (r) higher than 0.987. The proposed method achieved limits of detections (LOD) varied from 1.2 × 10(-7) to 9.5 × 10(-7)g/L based on a signal-to-noise of 3 (S/N=3) with 751- to 1372-fold increases in detection sensitivity for analytes, and it was successfully applied to the pharmacokinetic study of three antihistamines in human urine after an oral administration. The results demonstrated that this method was a promising combination for the rapid trace analysis of antihistamines in human urine with the advantages of operation simplicity, high enrichment factor and little solvent consumption.
    Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences 08/2012; 904:121-7. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present work, we showed a novel method to synthesize cyano-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs-CN) and utilize it as a solid-phase extraction sorbent for preconcentration of phenolic compounds in environmental water samples. MWCNTs-CN was synthesized through surface functionalization of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). The functional groups on the surface of modified MWCNTs were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and scanning electron microscopy. The analytical procedure was based on a conventional solid-phase extraction step for which 100 mg of MWCNTs-CN were packed in a 3 mL polypropylene cartridge. Analytes were thus isolated and preconcentrated from the pretreated samples and subsequently detected on high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet detection. The results showed the proposed method exhibited good sensitivity and precision for the extraction and elution of analytes. The limit of detections (S/N = 3) of the method were 0.45, 0.09, 0.08, and 3.00 ng mL(-1) for p-chlorophenol, 1-naphthol, 2-naphthol, and 2,4-dichlorophenol, respectively. The mean relative recoveries (n = 3) were between 80.28 and 103.13%, and the repeatability (RSD ≤ 5.10%) and reproducibility (RSD ≤ 7.68%) were accepted. This developed method was applied to determine phenolic compounds in environmental water samples. There is a positive result only for 2-naphthol with concentration of 0.38 ng mL(-1) in seawater sample.
    Journal of Separation Science 08/2012; 35(15):1967-76. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Reactions of CuX (X = Br(-), I(-) or CN(-)) with various types of 2,2'-dipyridylamine (dpa) derivatives have been performed via a hydrothermal-solvothermal method and the products have been structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography. Four ligands with different coordination motifs were employed in the reactions, including angular N,N,N',N'-tetra(2-pyridyl)-2,6-pyridinediamine (tppda); linear N,N,N',N'-tetra(2-pyridyl)-1,4-phenylenediamine (tppa) and N,N,N',N'-tetra(2-pyridyl)biphenyl-4,4'-diamine (tpbpa); and star-shaped tris-[4-(2,2'-dipyridylamino)-phenyl]amine (tdpa), which yielded eight copper(I) complexes exhibiting different stoichiometries of Cu-dpa and variable coordination modes of dpa. The compound [Cu(2)(tppda)(μ-I)(2)](n) (1) forms a one dimensional (1D) coordination polymer exclusively through double μ(2)-I bridges, which arranges to two dimensional (2D) metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) via the face-to-face π···π stacking interactions from pyridyl rings. The compound [Cu(6)(tppa)(μ(3)-Br)(6)](n) (2) forms a 2D network linked through multiple μ(3)-Br bridges. The compound [Cu(2)(tppa)(μ-CN)(2)](n) (3) is also a 2D MOF containing 1D (CuCN)(n) chains. The compounds [Cu(tpbpa)Br](n) (4) and [Cu(4)(tpbpa)(2)(μ-I)(4)](n) (5) display two different 1D assemblies: a zig-zag chain for 4 and a linear structure for 5. The compound [Cu(4)(tpbpa)(μ-CN)(4)](n) (6) shows a pseudo-4,8(2) topological net, while the compound [Cu(8)(tpbpa)(μ-CN)(8)](n)·2nH(2)O (7) exhibits a three-dimensional (3D) framework containing a ···PM··· double helical structure, although both of them contain (CuCN)(n) chains. The compound [Cu(2)(tdpa)(μ-I)(2)](n) (8) is a zig-zag chain based on the star-shaped molecule tpda, in which one of three dpa-arms is free of coordination to metal ions. All complexes exhibit luminescence in the solid state.
    Dalton Transactions 03/2012; 41(17):5280-93. · 4.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human serum albumin (HSA), a major plasma protein and plasma-derived therapeutic, interacts with a wide variety of drugs and native plasma metabolites. In this study the interactions of costunolide (CE) and dehydrocostuslactone (DE) with HSA were investigated by molecule modeling, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and different optical techniques. In the mechanism discussion, it was proved that fluorescence quenching of HSA by both of the drugs is a result of the formation of drug–HSA complexes. Binding parameters for the reactions were determined according to the Stern–Volmer equation and static quenching. The results of thermodynamic parameters ΔG0, ΔH0, and ΔS0 at different temperatures indicated that hydrogen bonding interactions play a major role in the drug–HSA associations process. The binding properties were further studied by quantitative analysis of CD, FTIR, and Raman spectra. Furthermore, AFM results showed that the dimension of HSA molecules became more swollen after binding with the drugs.Highlights► Interactions of costunolide and dehydrocostuslactone with HSA have been investigated for the first time. ► Raman spectra were used to analyze the drug–HSA interactions. ► Atomic force microscopy has been used to study the topography change of HSA by addition of the drugs. ► These results are important for the drugs containing costunolide and dehydrocostuslactone distribution and metabolism.
    Journal of Luminescence 10/2011; 131(10):2063-2071. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A novel method of on-line single drop microextraction (SDME) coupled with sweeping micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) for the selective extraction and dual preconcentration of alkaloids was developed. In this technique, analytes of three alkaloids were firstly extracted from 4.0 mL basic aqueous sample solution (donor phase, 500 mM NaOH) into a layer of n-octanol at temperature 30 °C with the stirring rate of 1150 rpm, then back-extracted into the acidified aqueous acceptor (acceptor phase, 50 mM H₃PO₄) suspended at the tip of a capillary at 650 rpm. Then, the aqueous acceptor was introduced into capillary by hydrodynamic injection with a height difference of 15 cm between the inlet and outlet of capillary for 300 s, and analyzed directly by on-line sweeping MEKC. With the selective SDME, we were able to extract three alkaloids without any interfering components in human urine samples. Under the optimum conditions, the proposed method achieved limits of detections (LOD) of between 0.2 ng mL⁻¹ and 1.5 ng mL⁻¹ with 1583-3556-fold increases in detection sensitivity for three analytes, which indicated that it was a promising method for analysis of alkaloids in human urine.
    Journal of Chromatography A 08/2011; 1218(33):5712-7. · 4.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A simple and novel method of directly suspended droplet microextraction (DSDME) combined with single drop back-extraction prior to capillary electrophoresis (CE) measurement is developed. In this technique, DSDME was firstly carried out under the maximum stirring rate for a desired time. Then, an aqueous droplet as back-extractive phase suspended at the needle tip was immersed in droplet of organic phase for back-extracted. After extraction, the aqueous droplet was transferred into a suitable vial and injected into CE for analysis. Three alkaloids were selected as model compounds for developing and evaluating the method performance. Under the optimum conditions, the enrichment factors ranged from 231 to 524. The relative standard deviations for five replicates were in the range of 4.8-8.1%. The calibration graph was linear in the range of 20-1000 ng mL(-1) yielding correlation coefficients higher than 0.9983. The limit of detections varied from 8.1 to 14.1 ng mL(-1). Human urine samples were spiked with three alkaloids standard to assess the matrix effects and satisfactory results were obtained. The advantages of this method are simplicity of operation, rapid detection, low cost, high enrichment factor and little solvent consumption.
    Talanta 02/2011; 83(5):1673-9. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A simple and novel method of single drop liquid-liquid-liquid microextraction (SD-LLLME) coupled with capillary electrophoresis (CE) for the determination of six fluoroquinolones (FQs) was developed. The method was eventually applied to extraction and preconcentration of FQs in human urine samples. Good linear relationships were obtained for all analytes in a range of 40-1000 μg L⁻¹ with the correlation coefficients from 0.9913 to 0.9995. The limit of detections (LODs) varied from 7.4 to 31.5 μg L⁻¹ at a signal-to-noise (S/N) of 3. The recoveries at two spiking levels were 81.8-104.9% with relative standard deviations <8.3%.
    Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences 02/2011; 879(3-4):291-5. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The interaction between syringin and HSA has been studied by AFM, molecule modeling, fluorescence, UV–vis, FTIR and CD spectroscopy. Fluorescence results revealed that syringin can enhance the intensity of HSA fluorescence. The enhancement data was analyzed by the equation which developed by Bhattacharya et al. The results showed that there was one primary syringin binding site on HSA with a binding constant of 2.97 × 104 M−1 at 295 K. Thermodynamic analysis by Van Hoff equation found enthalpy change (ΔH0) and entropy change (ΔS0) were −5.23 kJ mol−1 and 103.34 J mol−1 K−1 respectively, which indicated the hydrophobic interaction was the predominant force in the binding process. Competitive experiments showed a displacement of warfarin by syringin, which indicated that the binding site was located at the drug site I. AFM results revealed that the dimension of the individual HSA molecules was larger after interaction with syringin. The secondary structure compositions of free HSA and HSA–syringin complex were estimated by FTIR and CD spectra.
    Journal of Molecular Structure 01/2010; 983:133-140. · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A simple, rapid, and sensitive non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis procedure with head-column field-amplified sample stacking concentration for the analysis of fangchinoline and tetrandrine is established. Optimum separation and stacking conditions were obtained when the sample was injected at 8 kV for 50 s after preliminary pressure injection of ethanol (16.9 kPa) for 0.6 s and separated with the buffer containing 50 mM ammonium acetate, 0.5% (v/v) acetic acid, and 50% (v/v) acetonitrile in methanol medium at 24 kV applied voltage. The analytes were detected by UV at 214 nm. The two bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids can be separated within 6 min and quantified with high sensitivity. The detection limits were 0.30 ng mL(-1) for fangchinoline and 0.34 ng mL(-1) for tetrandrine, which indicated that the sensitivities were at least 1000-fold enhanced over those reported in the literature as obtained by UV detection. The method was applied to the analysis of fangchinoline and tetrandrine in Radix Stephaniae tetrandrae and its medicinal preparations with good results.
    Journal of Separation Science 06/2005; 28(7):639-46. · 2.59 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

51 Citations
39.39 Total Impact Points


  • 2005–2014
    • Shantou University
      • Department of Chemistry
      Swatow, Guangdong, China
    • Lanzhou University
      • State Key Laboratory of Applied and Organic Chemistry
      Lanzhou, Gansu Sheng, China