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ABSTRACT: To demonstrate the pharmacokinetic profile of meropenem when administered by 3-hour infusion in patients undergoing continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH).
The study was conducted in 10 patients, who were treated with CVVH. Each subject received meropenem in 3-hour infusion of 500 mg every 6 hours. Blood samples were collected before infusion (0 hour) and 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 hours (just before the infusion of the next dose) after the beginning of the fourth infusion. The concentrations of meropenem in plasma were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography method, and mean serum meropenem concentration-time curve was plotted.
Peak plasma drug concentrations measured 3 hours post-infusion were (25.05 ± 5.64) mg/L, and trough levels after 6 hours of infusion were (13.03 ± 3.01) mg/L. The area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) was (118.42 ± 26.78) mg x h⁻¹ x L⁻². The elimination half-life (T1/2) was (3.74 ± 0.55) hours. The mean residence time (MRT) was (4.99 ± 0.84) hours. The volume of distribution (Vb) was (22.85 ± 9.85) L and clearance of meropenem (CL) was (4.49 ± 1.32) L/h. The percentage of time that the serum drug concentration was above the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) accounting for the interval time of infusion (%T>MIC) was 100% (MIC 8 mg/L) in all the 10 patients.
Based on these data, we concluded that satisfactory pharmacodynamic parameters could be attained in CVVH patients treated with meropenem by a prolonged infusion time of 3 hours with a dosage of 500 mg for every 6 hours.
Zhongguo wei zhong bing ji jiu yi xue = Chinese critical care medicine = Zhongguo weizhongbing jijiuyixue 03/2012; 24(3):145-8.