ABSTRACT: Rectal cancer in patients aged ≥ 80 years is increasingly more frequent. Little is known regarding their clinical history and outcome after treatment. This retrospective study was undertaken to provide data on this situation.
A questionnaire was sent to the medical doctors of 414 patients listed in the database of Régime Général of Sécurité Sociale, living in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (PACA) region between 2002 and 2005, aged ≥ 80 years, and registered as having rectal cancer. Survival was analyzed and correlated with patients' and treatment characteristics.
Validated questionnaire was available for 78 patients representing close to 20% of the PACA-targeted population. The majority of patients presented a T3 tumor treated with surgery (61 cases). Median follow-up for the 78 patients was 42 months and the 5-year overall survival was 51%. In the multivariate analysis, the main prognostic factors were gender (better survival in women), age ≤ 85 years, and most of all performance of surgery.
Rectal cancer for patients between 79 and 85 years does not differ much from that in younger patients and can be treated in a similar manner--depending on the patient's general condition. In patients > 85 years, it is advisable to reduce surgical trauma as much as possible.
Strahlentherapie und Onkologie 03/2012; 188(5):383-7. · 3.56 Impact Factor