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Publications (4)15.77 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Peroxisomes are ubiquitous subcellular organelles that participate in metabolic and disease processes, with few of its proteins undergoing posttranslational modifications. As the role of lysine-acetylation has expanded into the cellular intermediary metabolism, we used a combination of differential centrifugation, organelle isolation by linear density gradient centrifugation, western blot analysis, and peptide fingerprinting and amino acid sequencing by mass spectrometry to investigate protein acetylation in control and ciprofibrate-treated rat liver peroxisomes. Organelle protein samples isolated by density gradient centrifugation from PPARα-agonist treated rat liver screened with an anti-N (ε)-acetyl lysine antibody revealed a single protein band of 75 kDa. Immunoprecipitation with this antibody resulted in the precipitation of a protein from the protein pool of ciprofibrate-induced peroxisomes, but not from the protein pool of non-induced peroxisomes. Peptide mass fingerprinting analysis identified the protein as the peroxisomal multifunctional enzyme type 1. In addition, mass spectrometry-based amino acid sequencing resulted in the identification of unique peptides containing 4 acetylated-Lys residues (K(155), K(173), K(190), and K(583)). This is the first report that demonstrates posttranslational acetylation of a peroxisomal enzyme in PPARα-dependent proliferation of peroxisomes in rat liver.
    Lipids 10/2013; · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Four patients with juvenile Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinoses (NCL), a childhood neurodegenerative disorder, previously described as CLN9 variant are reclassified as CLN5 disease. CLN5-deficient (CLN5(-/-) ) fibroblasts demonstrate adhesion defects, increased growth, apoptosis and decreased levels of ceramide, sphingomyelin, and glycosphingolipids. The CLN8 protein (CLN8p) corrects growth and apoptosis in CLN5(-/-) cells. Related proteins containing a Lag1 motif (CerS1/2/4/5/6) partially corrected these deficits, with CerS1, which is primarily expressed in brain, providing the best complementation, suggesting CLN5p activates CerS1 and may co-immunoprecipitate with it. CLN8p complements CLN5-deficient cells, consolidating the interrelationship of CLN5p/CLN8p, whose potential roles are explored as activators of (dihydro)ceramide synthases (CerSs). Homozygosity mapping using microarray technology led to identification of CLN5 as the culprit gene in previously classified CLN9-defective cases. Ceramide synthase activity, C16/C18:0/C24:0/C24:1 ceramide species measured by mass spectrometry are decreased in CLN8(-/-) cells, similarly to CLN5(-/-) cells. Comparison of normal vs. CLN5(-/-) cell CerS1-bound proteins by immunoprecipitation, differential gel electrophoresis, and mass spectrometry revealed absence of γ-actin in CLN5(-/-) cells. The γ-actin gene sequence is normal in CLN5(-/-) derived DNA. The γ-actin-bound proteins, vimentin and histones H2Afz/H3F3A/Hist1H4, were absent from the γ-actin protein complex in CLN5(-/-) cells. The function of CLN5p may require vimentin and the histone proteins to bind γ-actin. Defective binding could explain the CLN5(-/-) cellular phenotype. We explore the role of the CLN5/CLN8 proteins in ceramide species specific sphingolipid de novo synthesis, and suggest that CLN5/CLN8 proteins are more closely related than previously believed.
    Electrophoresis 10/2012; · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Identification of biomarkers assists in the diagnosis of disease and the assessment of health risks from environmental exposures. We hypothesized that rats exposed to Libby amphibole (LA) would present with a unique serum proteomic profile which could help elucidate epidemiologically-relevant biomarkers. In four experiments spanning varied protocols and temporality, healthy (Wistar Kyoto, WKY; and F344) and cardiovascular compromised (CVD) rat models (spontaneously hypertensive, SH; and SH heart failure, SHHF) were intratracheally instilled with saline (control) or LA. Serum biomarkers of cancer, inflammation, metabolic syndrome (MetS), and the acute phase response (APR) were analyzed. All rat strains exhibited acute increases in α-2-macroglobulin, and α1-acid glycoprotein. Among markers of inflammation, lipocalin-2 was induced in WKY, SH and SHHF and osteopontin only in WKY after LA exposure. While rat strain- and age-related changes were apparent in MetS biomarkers, no LA effects were evident. The cancer marker mesothelin was increased only slightly at 1 month in WKY in one of the studies. Quantitative Intact Proteomic profiling of WKY serum at 1 day or 4 weeks after 4 weekly LA instillations indicated no oxidative protein modifications, however APR proteins were significantly increased. Those included serine protease inhibitor, apolipoprotein E, α-2-HS-glycoprotein, t-kininogen 1 and 2, ceruloplasmin, vitamin D binding protein, serum amyloid P, and more 1 day after last LA exposure. All changes were reversible after a short recovery regardless of the acute or long-term exposures. Thus, LA exposure induces an APR and systemic inflammatory biomarkers that could have implications in systemic and pulmonary disease in individuals exposed to LA.
    Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 02/2012; 260(2):105-14. · 3.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a key energy sensor that regulates metabolism to maintain cellular energy balance. AMPK activation has also been proposed to mimic benefits of caloric restriction and exercise. Therefore, identifying downstream AMPK targets could elucidate new mechanisms for maintaining cellular energy homeostasis. We identified the phosphotransferase nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDPK), which maintains pools of nucleotides, as a direct AMPK target through the use of two-dimensional differential in-gel electrophoresis. Furthermore, we mapped the AMPK/NDPK phosphorylation site (serine 120) as a functionally potent enzymatic "off switch" both in vivo and in vitro. Because ATP is usually the most abundant cellular nucleotide, NDPK would normally consume ATP, whereas AMPK would inhibit NDPK to conserve energy. It is intriguing that serine 120 is mutated in advanced neuroblastoma, which suggests a mechanism by which NDPK in neuroblastoma can no longer be inhibited by AMPK-mediated phosphorylation. This novel placement of AMPK upstream and directly regulating NDPK activity has widespread implications for cellular energy/nucleotide balance, and we demonstrate in vivo that increased NDPK activity leads to susceptibility to energy deprivation-induced death.
    Molecular biology of the cell 11/2011; 23(2):381-9. · 5.98 Impact Factor