G Audry

UPMC, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States

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Publications (3)2.09 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This review presents the evidence of video-assisted surgery in the pediatric population and discusses future progress in this field. Videosurgery minimizes the cosmetic impact and the pain induced by open procedures and has been in constant development in adults and children. Earlier training of surgeons and residents combined with advances in anesthetics and technology have expanded the use of videosurgery for more complex interventions. Although most feasible surgical procedures have been performed by laparoscopy, the literature has not yet defined it as the gold standard for most interventions, especially because of the lack of evidence for many of them. However, laparoscopy for cholecystectomy is now the preferred approach with excellent postoperative outcomes and few complications. Although no evidence has been demonstrated in children, laparoscopy has been shown to be superior in adults for gastroesophageal reflux disease and splenectomy. Laparoscopic appendectomy remains controversial. Nevertheless, meta-analyses have concluded in moderate but significant advantages in terms of pain, cosmetic considerations, and recovery for the laparoscopic approach. Laparoscopy is now adopted for undescended testes and allows both localization and surgical treatment if necessary. For benign conditions, videosurgery can be an excellent tool for nephrectomy and adrenalectomy. However, laparoscopy remains controversial in pediatric surgical oncology.
    Archives de Pédiatrie 04/2013; · 0.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abnormalities of the male genitalia have increased in the last 2 decades in numerous developed countries and remain a frequent reason of consultation in pediatric surgery. The diagnostic spectrum is wide, and surgeons should pay particular attention to these abnormalities because of their potential psychological effect. Anatomically, these abnormalities can affect one of three parts of the penis. First, the foreskin may not be fully retracted. This is normal at birth and can be caused by prepuce adherents that can continue until adolescence. Today, true phimosis is treated with topical corticoids from the age of 3years. If medical treatment fails, a surgical procedure is required. Second, the urethra can be affected by hypospadia, which is the most frequent abnormality of the urethra. It is associated with ectopic urethral meatus, hypoplastic foreskin, and penis curvature. Its pathogenic background is not clearly understood. Surgery options differ according to the type of hypospadia and according to the surgeon's experience. It is sometimes hard to deal with, especially in a perineal form, where genetic and hormonal studies are recommended. These interventions can lead to complications ranging from stenosis to fistula. Therefore, parents have to be informed of the benefits and risks of the surgical procedures. Epispadias is rare but more serious because of the increasing risk of urinary incontinence. Finally, abnormalities of the corpora cavernosa - often associated with hypospadias - can include penis curvature and micropenis, for which an endocrinological analysis is essential.
    Archives de Pédiatrie 10/2012; · 0.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of intrarenal reflux (IRR) regarding urinary tract infection (UTI), renal scarring and spontaneous resolution after 3 years of follow up. 33 patients (42 refluxing units) with IRR were compared to 27 children (44 refluxing units) with high-grade vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) without IRR (controls) matched for gender, age and VUR grade. All patients received antibiotic prophylaxis during observation and antireflux surgery was performed in children with recurrent UTI. DMSA scan was performed at study entry, and 18 and 36 months. DMSA scores at entry showed a higher proportion of moderate and severe damage in the IRR group (25/42) compared to the control group (16/44) (Chi squared, P < 0.03). During follow up the incidence of UTI was similar in the two groups, as well as the stability of DMSA scintigraphy and the rate of spontaneous disappearance of the reflux. A similar proportion of patients underwent surgery (18/33 patients with IRR and 13/27 control patients; Chi squared, not significant). Under medical management, the prognosis for IRR is not different from high-grade VUR without IRR. The presence of IRR does not justify more aggressive management than a high-grade VUR without IRR.
    Journal of pediatric urology 10/2010; 7(6):638-43. · 1.38 Impact Factor