ABSTRACT: IL-18 is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that regulates the differentiation and effector functions of CD4+ (Th1) and CD8+ (CTL) T cells, which are implicated in the pathogenesis of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). We investigated the association of the IL-18 gene promoter single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) -656C/A (rs1946519), -137G/C (rs187238), -119A/C (rs360718), and -105G/A (rs360717), by TaqMan assays in analysis in 470 Tunisian women comprising 235 RPL cases and 235 multi-parous controls. The association of IL-18 alleles, genotypes, and haplotypes with RPL was evaluated by Fisher's exact test and regression analysis. The frequency of minor alleles -105G/A (P<0.001) and -656C/A (P<0.001), but not -119A/C (P=0.93) or -137G/C (P=0.32), were higher in RPL cases. Significant differences were also noted in the genotype distribution of -105G/A (P<0.001) and -656C/A (P<0.001) between cases and controls. Four-locus (-656C/A, -137G/C, -119A/C, -105G/A) IL-18 haplotype analysis identified AGAA (corrected P<0.001), and CGAA (corrected P<0.001) haplotypes to be associated with increased RPL risk, after adjusting for age and BMI. These results demonstrate that -105G/A and -656C/A IL-18 variants are significantly associated with RPL.
Journal of Reproductive Immunology 03/2012; 93(2):109-13. · 2.97 Impact Factor