Publications (3)9.88 Total impact
Article: Inefficient boosting of antitumor CD8(+) T cells by dendritic-cell vaccines is rescued by restricting T-cell cytotoxic functions.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Dendritic cells (DCs) are powerful activators of primary and secondary immune responses and have promising activity as anticancer vaccines. However, various populations of immune cells, including natural killer cells, regulatory T cells and especially cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), can inhibit DC function through cytotoxic clearance. Spontaneous tumor-specific CTL responses are frequently observed in patients before immunotherapy, and it is unclear how such pre-existing responses may affect DC vaccines. We used an adoptive transfer model to show that DC vaccination fail to induce the expansion of pre-existing CTLs or increase their production of interferon γ (IFNγ). The expansion and effector differentiation of naïve host CD8(+) T cells was also suppressed in the presence of CTLs of the same specificity. Suppression was caused by the cytotoxic functions of the adoptively transferred CTLs, as perforin-deficient CTLs could respond to DC vaccination by expanding and increasing IFNγ production. Proliferation and effector differentiation of host CD8(+) T cells as well as resistance to tumor challenge were also significantly increased. Expression of perforin by antitumor CTLs was critical in regulating the survival of vaccine DCs, while FAS/FASL and TRAIL/DR5 had a significant, but comparatively smaller, effect. We conclude that perforin-expressing CTLs can suppress the activity of DC-based vaccines and prevent the expansion of naïve and memory CD8(+) T cells as well as antitumor immune responses. We suggest that, paradoxically, temporarily blocking the cytotoxic functions of CTLs at the time of DC vaccination should result in improved vaccine efficiency and enhanced antitumor immunity.Oncoimmunology. 12/2012; 1(9):1507-1516.
Article: Allergen-specific CTL require perforin expression to suppress allergic airway inflammation.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Allergen-specific CTL have a protective effect on allergic airway inflammation, a function thought to be mediated by cytokines, especially IFN-γ. However, the contribution of cytotoxic function to this protective effect has not been investigated. We examined the contribution of cytotoxic function to the therapeutic effect of allergen-specific CTL in allergic airway inflammation. We used a murine model of allergic airway inflammation in which mice were sensitized to OVA and then challenged with the same Ag via the intranasal route. CTL were elicited in these mice by immunization with dendritic cells (DC) or by adoptive transfer of in vitro-activated CD8(+) T cells. Hallmark features of allergic asthma, such as infiltration of eosinophils in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and mucus production, were assessed. Suppression of allergic airway inflammation by allergen-specific CTL was critically dependent on the expression of perforin, a key component of the cytotoxic machinery. Both perforin-sufficient and perforin-deficient allergen-specific CTL were recovered from the lungs of allergen-sensitized mice and upregulated CD69 expression and secreted the cytokines IFN-γ and TNF-α upon intranasal allergen challenge. However, only perforin-sufficient CTL inhibited eosinophil infiltration in the airway, mucus production, and cytokine accumulation in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Treatment with allergen-specific CTL, but not their perforin-deficient counterparts, was also associated with a decrease in the number of DC in the mediastinal lymph node. Our data suggest that the cytotoxic function of allergen-specific CD8(+) T cells is critical to their ability to moderate allergic airway inflammation.The Journal of Immunology 02/2012; 188(4):1734-41. · 5.79 Impact Factor
Article: Murine CD4+ T cell responses are inhibited by cytotoxic T cell-mediated killing of dendritic cells and are restored by antigen transfer.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) provide protection against pathogens and tumors. In addition, experiments in mouse models have shown that CTL can also kill antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DC), reducing their ability to activate primary and secondary CD8(+) T cell responses. In contrast, the effects of CTL-mediated killing on CD4(+) T cell responses have not been fully investigated. Here we use adoptive transfer of TCR transgenic T cells and DC immunization to show that specific CTL significantly inhibited CD4(+) T cell proliferation induced by DC loaded with peptide or low concentrations of protein antigen. In contrast, CTL had little effect on CD4(+) T cell proliferation induced by DC loaded with high protein concentrations or expressing antigen endogenously, even if these DC were efficiently killed and failed to accumulate in the lymph node (LN). Residual CD4(+) T cell proliferation was due to the transfer of antigen from carrier DC to host APC, and predominantly involved skin DC populations. Importantly, the proliferating CD4(+) T cells also developed into IFN-γ producing memory cells, a property normally requiring direct presentation by activated DC. Thus, CTL-mediated DC killing can inhibit CD4(+) T cell proliferation, with the extent of inhibition being determined by the form and amount of antigen used to load DC. In the presence of high antigen concentrations, antigen transfer to host DC enables the generation of CD4(+) T cell responses regardless of DC killing, and suggests mechanisms whereby CD4(+) T cell responses can be amplified.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(5):e37481. · 4.09 Impact Factor