The modification of 3S-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid (THIQA) with β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) provides an oral antithrombotic agent, 6-(3'S-isoquinoline-3'-carboxylaminoethylamino)-6-deoxy-β-CD (THIQA-β-CD). In aqueous solution THIQA-β-CD undergoes intermolecular inclusion complexation and forms pH-dependent nanostructures. The morphological feature of THIQA-β-CD is a nanocloud consisting of numerous particles that are 5 nm-6 nm in diameter at pH 3.0. The nanocloud switches to a nanorod ranging from 100 nm to 385 nm in length at pH 7.2, then to nanowires of 50 nm to 530 nm in length at pH 10.1. THIQA-β-CD, which has unusual nanostructures, offers enhanced stability in blood. Inhibition of thrombin-induced platelet aggregation in vitro and demonstrated antithrombotic efficacy in vivo. This investigation demonstrated that the modification of THIQA with β-CD is a promising approach for clinical therapy of thrombus disease. The pH-dependent nanostructures of conjugate provide the desired in vivo antithrombotic activity and in vitro stability in blood. FROM THE CLINICAL EDITOR: This study a demonstrates that the modification of 3S-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid (THIQA) with beta-cyclodextrin, which leads to pH dependent nanostructure formation, is a promising approach for clinical therapy of thrombotic disease.
Nanomedicine: nanotechnology, biology, and medicine 01/2012; 8(7):1216-22. DOI:10.1016/j.nano.2011.12.008 · 5.98 Impact Factor