Gab Jin Cheon

Gangneung Asan Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (33)74.7 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Human placental extract (HPE) is a traditional medicine that has been used for the symptomatic treatment of liver disease without any verifying clinical evidence. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of HPE in patients with alcoholic or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (ASH or NASH). We designed this clinical trial as a multicenter, open-label, randomized, comparative noninferiority study to improve the reliability of analyses. The enrollment criteria were limited to ASH or NASH patients with serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) 1.5-fold higher than the normal level. Patients in the control group were treated with a commercially available mixture of liver extract and flavin adenine dinucleotide (LE-FAD). Intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis was applied to 194 patients, and per-protocol (PP) analysis was available for 154 patients. The rate of primary goal achievement of treatment efficacy was arbitrarily defined as 20% or greater improvement in ALT level compared with the pretreatment level and did not differ significantly between the HPE and control groups [62.9% (44/70) vs. 48.8% (41/84); P = 0.0772]. ITT and modified ITT analysis showed results similar to those of PP analysis. Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) of minimal to moderate degree occurred in 3.1% of patients. The ADR and treatment compliance rates were similar in both groups. In conclusion, the clinical value of HPE in the treatment of ASH and NASH is equivalent to that of LE-FAD.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 10/2014; · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anastomotic stenosis of the colon is not an uncommon finding; however, its frequency varies from one study to another. Traditionally, postoperative colonic stenosis is managed surgically. However, endoscopic therapy has recently become the preferred treatment modality over traditional surgery. Good short-term success has been achieved with use of endoscopic balloon dilation; however, restenosis may occur over time in 14% to 25% of patients. The current report showed the effectiveness and usefulness of an insulated-tip knife (IT-knife) for electrocautery therapy of a patient with symptomatic anastomotic colonic stenosis.
    09/2014; 64(3):164-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic hepatocellular damage is closely associated with hepatic fibrosis and fatal complication in most liver diseases. The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of biphenyl dimethyl dicarboxylate (DDB) and ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in patients with abnormal ALT.
    07/2014; 64(1):31-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Clevudine 30 mg showed potent antiviral activity with a marked post-treatment antiviral effect. However, long-term treatment with clevudine monotherapy induced resistance and myopathy in some cases. The objective of this study is to evaluate the preliminary efficacy and safety of the combination of clevudine 20 mg and adefovir compared to clevudine monotherapy.
    Hepatology international. 07/2014; 8(3):375-381.
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    ABSTRACT: The structural change of ginsenoside and the generation of Maillard reaction products (MRPs) are important to the increase in the biological activities of Panax ginseng. This study was carried out to identify the renoprotective active component of P. ginseng using the Maillard reaction model experiment with ginsenoside Re and leucine. Ginsenoside Re was gradually converted into less-polar ginsenosides Rg2, Rg6 and F4 by heat-processing, followed by separation of the glucosyl moiety at carbon-20. The free radical-scavenging activity of the ginsenoside Re-leucine mixture was increased by heat-processing. The improved free radical-scavenging activity by heat-processing was mediated by the generation of MRPs from the reaction of glucose and leucine. The cisplatin-induced LLC-PK1 renal cell damage was also significantly reduced by treatment with MRPs. Moreover, the heat-processed glucose-leucine mixture (major MRPs from the ginsenoside Re-leucine mixture) showed protective effects against cisplatin-induced oxidative renal damage in rats through the inhibition of caspase-3 activation.
    Food Chemistry 01/2014; 143:114-21. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Research has been conducted with regard to the development of methods for improving the pharmaceutical effect of ginseng by conversion of ginsenosides, which are the major active components of ginseng, via high temperature or high-pressure processing. The present study sought to investigate the anticancer effect of heat-processed American ginseng (HAG) in human gastric cancer AGS cells with a focus on assessing the role of apoptosis as an important mechanistic element in its anticancer actions. HAG significantly reduced the cancer cell proliferation, and the contents of ginsenosides Rb1 and Re were markedly decreased, whereas the peaks of less-polar ginsenosides [20(S,R)-Rg3, Rk1, and Rg5] were newly detected. Based on the activity-guided fractionation of HAG, ginsenoside 20(S)-Rg3 played a key role in inducing apoptosis in human gastric cancer AGS cells, and it was generated mainly from ginsenoside Rb1. Ginsenoside 20(S)-Rg3 induced apoptosis through activation of caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9, as well as regulation of Bcl-2 and Bax expression. Taken together, these findings suggest that heat-processing serves as an increase in the antitumor activity of American ginseng in AGS cells, and ginsenoside 20(S)-Rg3, the active component produced by heat-processing, induces the activation of caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9, which contributes to the apoptotic cell death.
    Journal of ginseng research 01/2014; 38(1):22-7. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A gastric inverted hyperplastic polyp is a rare type of gastric polyp and is characterized by downward growth of a variety of mucosal components into the submucosa. The polyp consists of columnar cells resembling foveolar epithelium and pyloric gland epithelium and can coexist with gastritis cystica profunda. Frequently, adenocarcinoma can coexist, but the relation is not clear. A 77-year-old male underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection due to early gastric cancer. A gastric inverted hyperplastic polyp was found in the removed specimen and gastric cystica profunda was also found. We report a case of gastric inverted hyperplastic polyp coexisting with gastric cystica profunda and gastric adenocarcinoma.
    Clinical endoscopy. 09/2013; 46(5):568-71.
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    ABSTRACT: The clinical impact and complications of hepatogenous diabetes (HD) on cirrhosis have not been elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship of HD with portal hypertension (PHT) and variceal hemorrhage and to assess the prevalence of HD. From July 2007 to December 2009, 75-g oral glucose tolerance test and insulin resistance (IR) were evaluated for 195 consecutive cirrhotic liver patients (M:F = 164:1, 53.0 ± 10.2 years) who had no history of diabetes mellitus. IR was calculated using the homeostasis model of assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) formula. Endoscopy for varices, hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG), and serologic tests were also conducted. HD was observed in 55.4 % (108/194) of the patients. Among them, 62.0 % required OGTT for diagnosis because they did not show an abnormal fasting plasma glucose level. The presence of HD showed a significant correlation with high Child-Pugh's score, variceal hemorrhage, and HVPG (p = 0.004, 0.002, and 0.019, respectively). In multivariate analysis, Child-Pugh's score (OR 1.43, 95 % CI 1.005-2.038) and HVPG (OR 1.15, 95 % CI 1.003-2.547) had significant relationships with HD. Patients with recent variceal hemorrhages (within 6 months) exhibited significantly higher glucose levels at 120 min in OGTT compared to patients without hemorrhages (p = 0.042). However, there was no difference in fasting glucose levels. The 120-min glucose level and HOMA-IR score were significantly and linearly correlated with HVPG (r (2) = 0.189, p < 0.001 and r (2) = 0.033, p = 0.011, respectively). HD and IR have significant relationships with PHT and variceal hemorrhage. Postprandial hyperglycemia in particular had a significant relationship with variceal hemorrhage.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 08/2013; · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diverticulitis is the most common clinical complication of diverticular disease, affecting 10-25% of the patients with diverticula. The prevalences of diverticulitis and colon cancer tend to increase with age and are higher in industrialized countries. Consequently, diverticulitis and colon cancer have been reported to have similar epidemiological characteristics. However, the relationship between these diseases remains controversial, as is the performance of routine colonoscopy after an episode of diverticulitis to exclude colon cancer. Recently, we experienced three cases of colon cancer after treating acute diverticulitis, based on which we suggest the importance of follow-up colonoscopy after acute diverticulitis.
    Annals of coloproctology. 08/2013; 29(4):167-71.
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to identify the risk factors associated with acute hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection in the Korean population. Participants were recruited from five referral hospitals across the country in 2007 and from 11 hospitals in 2009. Patients with positive anti-HAV IgM antibody tests became the case group, while patients treated for non-contagious diseases at the same hospitals were recruited as controls. A total of 222 and 548 case-control pairs were studied in the 2007 and 2009 surveys, respectively. Data from the surveys were analyzed jointly. In a multivariate analysis, sharing the household with HAV-infected family members (OR, 6.32; 95% CI, 1.4-29.6), contact with other HAV-infected individuals (OR, 4.73; 95% CI, 2.4-9.4), overseas travel in 2007 (OR, 19.93; 95% CI, 2.3-174.4), consumption of raw shellfish (OR, 2.51; 95% CI, 1.8-3.5), drinking bottled water (OR, 1.64; 95% CI, 1.3-8.4), and occupation that involve handling food (OR, 3.30; 95% CI, 1.3-8.4) increased the risk of HAV infection. Avoiding contact with HAV-infected individuals and avoiding raw foods eating could help minimize the risk of hepatitis A infection. Immunization must be beneficial to individuals who handle food ingredients occupationally or travel overseas to HAV-endemic areas.
    Journal of Korean medical science 06/2013; 28(6):908-14. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While gastric variceal bleeding (GVB) is not as prevalent as esophageal variceal bleeding, it is reportedly more serious, with high failure rates of the initial hemostasis (>30%), and has a worse prognosis than esophageal variceal bleeding. However, there is limited information regarding hemostasis and the prognosis for GVB. The aim of this study was to determine retrospectively the clinical outcomes of GVB in a multicenter study in Korea. The data of 1,308 episodes of GVB (males:females=1062:246, age=55.0±11.0 years, mean±SD) were collected from 24 referral hospital centers in South Korea between March 2003 and December 2008. The rates of initial hemostasis failure, rebleeding, and mortality within 5 days and 6 weeks of the index bleed were evaluated. The initial hemostasis failed in 6.1% of the patients, and this was associated with the Child-Pugh score [odds ratio (OR)=1.619; P<0.001] and the treatment modality: endoscopic variceal ligation, endoscopic variceal obturation, and balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration vs. endoscopic sclerotherapy, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, and balloon tamponade (OR=0.221, P<0.001). Rebleeding developed in 11.5% of the patients, and was significantly associated with Child-Pugh score (OR=1.159, P<0.001) and treatment modality (OR=0.619, P=0.026). The GVB-associated mortality was 10.3%; mortality in these cases was associated with Child-Pugh score (OR=1.795, P<0.001) and the treatment modality for the initial hemostasis (OR=0.467, P=0.001). The clinical outcome for GVB was better for the present cohort than in previous reports. Initial hemostasis failure, rebleeding, and mortality due to GVB were universally associated with the severity of liver cirrhosis.
    Clinical and molecular hepatology. 03/2013; 19(1):36-44.
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: Although polyethylene glycol (PEG) solution is commonly used for colonoscopic bowel preparation because of its safety and effectiveness, its salty taste decreases patient's compliance. The aim of this study was to compare the sugared PEG solution with the standard PEG solution in regard to the quality of bowel preparation and patient's compliance. Methods: From January through June in 2012, 100 patients who underwent colonoscopy in Gangneung Asan Hospital were prospectively enrolled. They were randomly assigned to receive either standard PEG solution or sugared PEG solution. The quality of bowel preparation was assessed by a doctor's questionnaire and the patient's compliance was assessed by a patient's questionnaire. Results: There was no significant difference in the quality of bowel preparation (4.2±2.0 vs. 4.1±1.5, p=0.783), and endoscopist's satisfaction score (8.2±1.8 vs. 8.5±1.3, p=0.253) between two groups. However, The degree of disgust was lower in the sugared PEG group than the standard PEG group (6.4±2.3 vs. 3.9±2.9, p=0.000). The willingness to repeat same regimen was higher in the sugared PEG group than the standard PEG group (2.0±0.6 vs. 2.3±0.7, p=0.004). There was no difference in side effects between two groups. Conclusions: The sugared PEG solution as a bowel preparation method revealed a higher patient's compliance and was effective as the standard PEG solution. When the patient dislike the taste and saltness of the standard PEG solution, the sugared PEG solution will be good alternative method. (Korean J Gastroenterol 2013;61:88-92).
    The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 02/2013; 61(2):88-92.
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    ABSTRACT: A 43-year-old man, who received total gastrectomy five years ago for advanced gastric cancer, underwent a screening colonoscopy and abdominal CT scan. Abdominal CT scan revealed no abnormal findings. Colonoscopy revealed polyps at the rectum, which were removed by polypectomy. The patient did not complain of abdominal pain or discomfort throughout the procedure. But, he developed right upper quadrant abdominal pain on the next day after colonoscopy. Abdominal CT scan revealed the distended gallbladder with mild wall thickening and suspicious sandy stones or sludge in the gallbladder. The patient underwent an open cholecystectomy. Pathology was compatible with acute cholecystitis. We should be aware of and consider cholecystitis in the differential diagnosis for patients with abdominal pain after colonoscopy. (Korean J Gastroenterol 2013;61:42-45).
    The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 01/2013; 61(1):37-41.
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    ABSTRACT: Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) characterized by recurrent episodes of colonic inflammation and tissue degeneration in human or animal models. The contractile force generated by the smooth muscle is significantly attenuated, resulting in altered motility leading to diarrhea or constipation in IBD. The aim of this study is to clarify the altered contractility of circular and longitudinal smooth muscle layers in proximal colon of trinitrobenzen sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis mouse. Colitis was induced by direct injection of TNBS (120 mg/kg, 50% ethanol) in proximal colon of ICR mouse using a 30 G needle anesthetized with ketamin (50 mg/kg), whereas animals in the control group were injected of 50% ethanol alone. In TNBS-induced colitis, the wall of the proximal colon is diffusely thickened with loss of haustration, and showed mucosal and mucular edema with inflammatory infiltration. The colonic inflammation is significantly induced the reduction of colonic contractile activity including spontaneous contractile activity, depolarization-induced contractility, and muscarinic acetylcholine receptor-mediated contractile response in circular muscle layer compared to the longitudinal muscle layer. The inward rectification of currents, especially, important to Ca(2+) and Na(+) influx-induced depolarization and contraction, was markedly reduced in the TNBS-induced colitis compared to the control. The muscarinic acetylcholine-mediated contractile responses were significantly attenuated in the circular and longitudinal smooth muscle strips induced by the reduction of membrane expression of canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) channel isoforms from the proximal colon of the TNBS-induced colitis mouse than the control.
    Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 12/2012; 16(6):437-46. · 1.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Colorectal micropapillary carcinoma has recently been reported as an aggressive variant of adenocarcinoma with a high incidence of lymph node metastasis, but has not been well investigated in terms of survival analysis. This study analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics, including survival data, of the patients with micropapillary carcinoma. We hypothesized that the aggressive features of micropapillary carcinoma might be related to the presence of more tumor cells with stem cell phenotype in colorectal cancer. Fifty-five (10%) micropapillary carcinoma cases were identified among 561 cases of colorectal cancer. We compared the clinicopathological characteristics, including survival data and immunohistochemical profiles of stem cell markers (SOX2, NOTCH3, CD44v6, CD166, ALDH1) of micropapillary carcinomas with those of randomly selected 112 conventional adenocarcinomas lacking micropapillary carcinoma components (non-micropapillary carcinoma) in the colorectum. To exclude the possibility of dilution of control group by patients with microsatellite instability-high carcinomas, we divided non-micropapillary carcinomas into microsatellite instability-high carcinoma and microsatellite stable tumors. Micropapillary carcinomas were characterized by more frequent lymphovascular invasion (P<0.0001) and lymph node metastasis (P<0.0001), higher pathological T and tumor node metastasis stages (P=0.047 and P=0.001), and more frequent SOX2 (P=0.038) and NOTCH3 expressions (P=0.005). Overall 5-year survival rate for patients with micropapillary carcinoma (37%) was significantly lower than for microsatellite instability-high carcinoma and microsatellite stable carcinoma patients (92 and 72%, P<0.0001). The presence of the micropapillary carcinoma component was shown to be associated with a significantly worse survival rate in univariate (P<0.0001) and multivariate (P=0.003, Cox hazard ratio 2.402) analyses. In conclusion, recognition of the micropapillary carcinoma component in colonic adenocarcinoma is very important, because the micropapillary carcinoma has been associated with a significantly worse prognosis. We also found a higher expression rate of cancer stem cell markers in micropapillary carcinomas, suggesting their potential contribution to the survival disadvantage of micropapillary carcinoma.Modern Pathology advance online publication, 12 October 2012; doi:10.1038/modpathol.2012.163.
    Modern Pathology 10/2012; · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Variceal rupture is one of the main causes of mortality in cirrhotic patients. However, there are limited data on the long-term outcomes of variceal bleeding. We investigated the incidence and mortality of variceal bleeding at three endoscopic centers in Gangwon province during 3 periods (August 1996 to July 1997, August 2001 to July 2002, and August 2006 to July 2007). A total of 1,704 upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleedings occurred during the study periods. Peptic ulcers were found in 825 patients (48.5%), and variceal ruptures were found in 607 patients (35.6%). The variceal bleeding rate did not decrease in each period (26.0% vs 43.7% vs 33.9%, respectively). In the variceal bleeding group, the 6-week mortality rate steadily and significantly decreased (15.5% vs 10.8% vs 6.4%, respectively, p=0.027). In addition, the mortality rate was significantly higher in the variceal bleeding group than in the non-variceal bleeding group (10.4% vs 2.0%, p<0.001; odds ratio, 5.659; 95% confidence interval, 3.445 to 9.295). Variceal bleeding was still the major cause of upper GI bleedings and did not decrease in prevalence over the 10-year period in Gangwon province, South Korea. However, the mortality rate of variceal bleeding decreased significantly.
    Gut and liver 10/2012; 6(4):476-81. · 1.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The occurrence of an adenocarcinoma arising from a rectal diverticulum that causes mechanical ileus is very rare. Recently, we diagnosed a case of a mucinous adenocarcinoma in a rectal diverticulum after an emergent abdominal perineal resection and permanent colostomy by laparotomy. Here, we present a case report and a review of the literature.
    Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology 08/2012; 28(4):222-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Changes in the expression profiles of specific proteins leads to serious human diseases, including colitis. The proteomic changes related to colitis and the differential expression between tuberculous (TC) and ulcerative colitis (UC) in colon tissue from colitis patients has not been defined. We therefore performed a proteomic analysis of human TC and UC mucosal tissue. Total protein was obtained from the colon mucosal tissue of normal, TC, and UC patients, and resolved by 2-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE). The results were analyzed with PDQuest using silver staining. We used matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight/time-of-flight spectrometry (MALDI TOF/TOF) to identify proteins differentially expressed in TC and UC. Of the over 1,000 proteins isolated, three in TC tissue and two in UC tissue displayed altered expression when compared to normal tissue. Moreover, two proteins were differentially expressed in a comparative analysis between TC and UC. These were identified as mutant β-actin, α-enolase and Charcot-Leyden crystal protein. In particular, the expression of α-enolase was significantly greater in TC compared with normal tissue, but decreased in comparison to UC, implying that α-enolase may represent a biomarker for differential diagnosis of TC and UC. This study therefore provides a valuable resource for the molecular and diagnostic analysis of human colitis.
    Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 06/2012; 16(3):193-8. · 1.00 Impact Factor
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    The Korean journal of hepatology. 03/2012; 18(1):1-21.
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    ABSTRACT: Paracentesis is a diagnostic, therapeutic procedure performed in patients with ascites. It is generally thought to be a safe procedure and transfusion of platelet concentrate or fresh frozen plasma is not recommended before the procedure, because the incidence of clinically significant bleeding is very low. We report a case of lateral abdominal wall hematoma due to the injury of the deep circumflex iliac artery after paracentesis in patient with alcoholic liver cirrhosis who was treated with transcatheter arterial embolization.
    The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 02/2012; 59(2):185-8.

Publication Stats

79 Citations
74.70 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004–2014
    • Gangneung Asan Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2013
    • Hanyang University
      • Department of Preventive Medicine
      Ansan, Gyeonggi, South Korea
    • Ulsan University Hospital
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 2007
    • Kangbuk Samsung Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea