Tomoko Hyodo

Kinki University, Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan

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Publications (16)43.39 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate optimal flip angle (FA) of three-dimensional fat-suppressed T1-weighted image on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI. Forty-five patients with 35 hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) and 16 liver metastases (METs) were investigated. Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), tumor-to-liver contrast (TLC) of HCC and MET, visual image quality (IQ) and lesion conspicuity (LeCo) were evaluated at hepatobiliary phase with different FAs (FA15°-30°-45°-60° in 13 patients, FA5°-10°-15°-20°-25° in 32 patients). TLC gradually showed better in range from FA15° to FA60° and FA5° to FA25°, but SNRs gradually decreased. SNR and TLC-MET at FA15° were significantly better than those at FA45° and FA60°. SNR at FA10° was significantly higher than at FA5°, FA20°, and FA25°. TLC-HCC and TLC-MET at FA5° were inferior to other FAs. IQs and LeCos at FA15° and FA30° were superior to those at FA45° and FA60°. IQs at FA5° and FA25° were significantly lower than those at FA10°-20°, although LeCos for HCC and MET at FA25° were superior to those at FA5°-20°. FA ranging from 10° to 20° is suitable for hepatobiliary phase of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI, to image HCC and MET.
    Abdominal Imaging 02/2014; · 1.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare four imaging approaches in cirrhotic estimation; pre-enhancement T1 relaxation time (T1RT), reduction rate (RR) of T1RT, signal-based liver-to-muscle ratio (L/M ratio) on gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) of US elastography. Consecutive 58 patients with chronic liver diseases who underwent both Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI and FibroScan were analyzed. Four imaging approaches were evaluated by fibrosis score from liver biopsy and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. RR was found to be inversely correlated with LSM (r = -0.65). RR decreased with degree of fibrosis (F0-F1, 58.5 ± 6.2%, versus F2-F3-F4, 48.8 ± 11.7%, P = 0.010, F0-F1-F2, 58.2 ± 6.2% versus F3-F4, 45.5 ± 12.3%, P = 0.010 and F0-F1, 58.5 ± 6.2%, versus F2-F3, 52.1 ± 12.0%, P = 0.0038). LSM increased with degree of fibrosis (F0-F1, 5.4 ± 2.2 kPa versus F2-F3-F3, 19.3 ± 15.5 kPa, P = 0.0011 and F0-F1-F2, 6.8 ± 3.6 kPa versus F3-F4, 23.8 ± 17.1 kPa, P = 0.0029 and F0-F1, 5.4 ± 2.2 kPa, versus F2-F3, 11.4 ± 7.2 kPa, P = 0.0098). Area under ROC curves were 0.83 (F3-F4), 0.72 (F2-F3-F4), 0.68 (F2-F3) for RR and 0.83 (F3-F4), 0.88 (F2-F3-F4), 0.81 (F2-F3) for LSM in discriminating between patients with fibrosis. The capability by LSM was better than those by RR of T1RT, pre-enhancement T1RT, and L/M ratio to differentiate F ≥ 2, but LSM and RR of T1RT showed the same value to differentiate F ≥ 3.J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 12/2013; · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Alzheimer disease is the most common neurodegenerative disorder with dementia, and a practical and economic biomarker for diagnosis of Alzheimer disease is needed. Three-dimensional arterial spin-labeling, with its high signal-to-noise ratio, enables measurement of cerebral blood flow precisely without any extrinsic tracers. We evaluated the performance of 3D arterial spin-labeling compared with SPECT, and demonstrated the 3D arterial spin-labeled imaging characteristics in the diagnosis of Alzheimer disease.MATERIALS AND METHODS:This study included 68 patients with clinically suspected Alzheimer disease who underwent both 3D arterial spin-labeling and SPECT imaging. Two readers independently assessed both images. Kendall W coefficients of concordance (K) were computed, and receiver operating characteristic analyses were performed for each reader. The differences between the images in regional perfusion distribution were evaluated by means of statistical parametric mapping, and the incidence of hypoperfusion of the cerebral watershed area, referred to as "borderzone sign" in the 3D arterial spin-labeled images, was determined.RESULTS:Readers showed K = 0.82/0.73 for SPECT/3D arterial spin-labeled imaging, and the respective areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve were 0.82/0.69 for reader 1 and 0.80/0.69 for reader 2. Statistical parametric mapping showed that the perisylvian and medial parieto-occipital perfusion in the arterial spin-labeled images was significantly higher than that in the SPECT images. Borderzone sign was observed on 3D arterial spin-labeling in 70% of patients misdiagnosed with Alzheimer disease.CONCLUSIONS:The diagnostic performance of 3D arterial spin-labeling and SPECT for Alzheimer disease was almost equivalent. Three-dimensional arterial spin-labeled imaging was more influenced by hemodynamic factors than was SPECT imaging.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 11/2013; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background and study aims: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDAC) sometimes arise in patients with intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs). This study examined the incidence of PDACs concomitant to or derived from branch duct IPMNs. The usefulness of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) relative to other imaging methods for detecting these tumors was also assessed. Patients and methods: This retrospective study used data from clinical records and imaging studies that were collected prospectively. During 2001 - 2009, 167 consecutive patients with IPMNs underwent EUS, ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The 102 patients whose branch duct IPMNs lacked mural nodules/symptoms and thus did not qualify for resection were followed up by semiannual EUS and annual ultrasonography, CT, and MRI. The sensitivity and specificity with which the four modalities detected IPMN-derived and -concomitant PDACs at the first examination and throughout the study period were evaluated. The rate of PDAC development during follow-up was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: A total of 17 IPMN-derived and 11 IPMN-concomitant PDACs were diagnosed at the first examination. Lesions that did not qualify for resection or chemotherapy were followed up for a median of 42 months. Seven IPMN-concomitant PDACs and no IPMN-derived PDACs were detected during follow-up. The 3- and 5-year rates of IPMN-concomitant PDAC development were 4.0 % and 8.8 %, respectively. At the first examination, EUS was superior to other imaging modalities in terms of IPMN-derived and -concomitant PDAC detection. Throughout the study period, including follow-up, EUS was significantly better at detecting IPMN-concomitant PDACs than the other modalities. Conclusions: IPMN-concomitant PDACs are quite often found at diagnosis and during follow-up. EUS examination of the whole pancreas plays an important role in the management of IPMNs as it allows the early detection of these small invasive carcinomas.
    Endoscopy 11/2013; · 5.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of intravertebral pneumatocyst (IVP) of the cervical spine by age group, compared with that of intradiscal vacuum (IDV). We investigated 500 consecutive patients who underwent cervical computed tomography (CT) from May 2012 to May2013 for various indications. CT datasets were assessed for the presence of IVPs and IDVs with stratification by age. IVPs of the cervical spine were detected in 8 % (7 of 86 subjects) of patients in their forties or below, 30 % (23 of 75) in their fifties, 49 % (67 of 136) in their sixties, 55 % (76 of 137) in their seventies, and 60 % (40 of 66) in their eighties or over. IDVs of the cervical spine were detected in 6, 25, 48, 54, and 57 %, respectively. Coexistence of both phenomena was identified in 4, 17, 33, 40, and 43 %, respectively. IVPs of the cervical spine are a common incidental finding, increasing in prevalence with age and more common than IDV in all age groups.
    Neuroradiology 10/2013; · 2.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To identify patient characteristics and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings associated with subsequent hypervascularization in hypovascular nodules that show hypointensity on hepatobiliary phase gadoxetic acid-enhanced MR images in patients with chronic liver diseases. Materials and Methods: Institutional review board approval was obtained, and informed consent was waived. At multiple follow-up gadoxetic acid-enhanced MR imaging examinations of 68 patients, 160 hypovascular nodules were retrospectively reviewed. A Cox regression model for hypervascularization was developed to explore the association of baseline characteristics, including patient factors (Child-Pugh classification, etiology of liver disease, history of local therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma [HCC], and coexistence of hypervascular HCC) and MR imaging findings (fat content, signal intensity on T2-weighted images, and nodule size). In addition, the growth rate was calculated as the reciprocal of tumor volume doubling time to investigate its relationship with subsequent hypervascularization by using receiver operating characteristic and Kaplan-Meier analyses. Results: The prevalence of subsequent hypervascularization was 31% (50 of 160 nodules). Independent Cox multivariable predictors of increased risk of hypervascularization were hyperintensity on T2-weighted images (hazard ratio [HR] = 8.7; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.6, 20.8), previous local therapy for hypervascular HCC (HR = 5.0; 95% CI: 1.8, 13.6), Child-Pugh B cirrhosis (HR = 3.6; 95% CI: 1.4, 9.5) and coexistence of hypervascular HCC (HR = 2.0; 95% CI: 1.0, 3.8). The mean growth rate was significantly higher in nodules that showed subsequent hypervascularization than in those without hypervascularization. Kaplan-Meier analysis based on the receiver operating characteristic cutoff level (1.8 × 10(-3)/day [tumor volume doubling time, 542 days]) showed that nodules with a higher growth rate had a significantly higher incidence of hypervascularization (P = 5.2 × 10(-8), log-rank test). Conclusion: Hyperintensity on T2-weighted images is an independent and strong risk factor at baseline for subsequent hypervascularization in hypovascular nodules in patients with chronic liver disease. Tumor volume doubling time of less than 542 days was associated with a high rate of subsequent hypervascularization. © RSNA, 2013.
    Radiology 02/2013; 266(2):480-90. · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To investigate whether low-dose dynamic CT of the liver with iterative reconstruction can reduce both the radiation dose and the amount of contrast medium. Materials and methods This study was approved by our institutional review board. 113 patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Group A/group B (fifty-eight/fifty-five patients) underwent liver dynamic CT at 120/100 kV, with 0/40% adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR), with a contrast dose of 600/480 mgI/kg, respectively. Radiation exposure was estimated based on the manufacturer's phantom data. The enhancement value of the hepatic parenchyma, vessels and the tumor-to-liver contrast of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) were compared between two groups. Two readers independently assessed the CT images of the hepatic parenchyma and HCCs. Results The mean CT dose indices: 6.38/4.04 mGy, the dose–length products: 194.54/124.57, for group A/group B. The mean enhancement value of the hepatic parenchyma and the tumor-to-liver contrast of HCCs with diameters greater than 1 cm in the post-contrast all phases did not differ significantly between two groups (P>0.05). The enhancement values of vessels in group B were significantly higher than that in group A in the delayed phases (P<0.05). Two reader's confidence levels for the hepatic parenchyma in the delayed phases and HCCs did not differ significantly between the groups (P>0.05). Conclusions Low-dose dynamic CT with ASIR can reduce both the radiation dose and the amount of contrast medium without image quality degradation, compared to conventional dynamic CT without ASIR.
    European journal of radiology 01/2013; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: We aimed to investigate the natural outcome of nonhypervascular lesions detected in the hepatobiliary phase of gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced MRI by performing a longitudinal study retrospectively enrolled in a nationwide manner. Methods: Between February 2008 and March 2011, 224 patients with 504 nodules that were diagnosed as nonhypervascular by imaging were recruited from institutions that participated in the present study. We examined the natural outcome of nonhypervascular lesions and evaluated the risk factors. Results: Of the 504 nodules, 173 (34.3%) showed hypervascular transformation. The overall cumulative incidence of hypervascular transformation was 14.9% at 12 months and 45.8% at 24 months. Multivariate analysis using the Cox regression model revealed previous treatment history for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC; relative risk = 1.498; p = 0.036, 95% CI 1.03-2.19) and hyperintensity on T2-weighted images (relative risk = 1.724; p = 0.015, 95% CI 1.11-2.67) were identified as independent factors for hypervascular transformation. Conclusions: Patients who have a previous treatment history for HCC and with hypointense nodules showing hyperintensity on T2-weighted images need careful follow-up because of the high incidence of hypervascular transformation. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Digestive Diseases 01/2013; 31(5-6):472-9. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Excretion of gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) in the bile may be related to liver function, because of elimination from the liver after preferential uptake by hepatocytes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between liver and biliary enhancement in patients with or without liver dysfunction, and to compare the tumor-to-liver contrast in these patients. Forty patients [group 1: normal liver and Child-Pugh class A in 20 patients, group 2: Child-Pugh class B in 18 patients and Child-Pugh C in 2] were evaluated. All patients underwent MR imaging of the liver using a 1.5-Tesla system. T1-weighted 3D images were obtained at 5, 10, 15 and 20 minutes after Gd-EOB-DTPA injection. The relation between group 3 (total bilirubin <1.8 mg/dL) and group 4 (total bilirubin ≥1.8 mg/dL) was investigated at 20 minutes. Liver and biliary signals were measured, and compared between groups 1 and 2 or groups 3 and 4. Tumor-to-liver ratio was also evaluated between groups 1 and 2. Scheffe's post-hoc test after two-way repeated-measures ANOVA and Pearson's correlation test were used for statistical analysis. Liver enhancement showed significant difference at all time points between groups 1 and 2. Biliary enhancement did not show a significant difference between groups 1 and 2 at 5 minutes, but did at 10, 15 and 20 minutes. At 20 minutes, significant differences between groups 3 and 4 were seen for liver and biliary enhancement. At all time points, liver enhancement correlated with biliary enhancement in both groups. At 5 minutes and 20 minutes, statistical differences between groups 1 and 2 were seen for tumor-to-liver ratio. The degree of biliary enhancement has a close correlation to that of liver enhancement. It is especially important that insufficient liver enhancement causes lower tumor-to-liver contrast in the hepatobiliary phase of Gd-EOB-DTPA.
    Hepatobiliary & pancreatic diseases international: HBPD INT 06/2012; 11(3):307-13. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to evaluate gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the detection of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) and dysplastic nodules (DNs) compared with dynamic multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT), and to discriminate between HCCs and DNs. Eighty-six nodules diagnosed as HCC or DNs were retrospectively investigated. Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI and dynamic MDCT were compared with respect to their diagnostic ability for hypervascular HCCs and detection sensitivity for hypovascular tumors. The ability of hepatobiliary images of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI to discriminate between these nodules was assessed. We also calculated the EOB enhancement ratio of the tumors. For hypervascular HCCs, the diagnostic ability of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI was significantly higher than that of MDCT for tumors less than 2 cm (p = 0.048). There was no difference in the detection of hypervascular HCCs between hepatobiliary phase images of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI (43/45: 96%) and dynamic MDCT (40/45: 89%), whereas the detection sensitivity of hypovascular tumors by Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI was significantly higher than that by dynamic MDCT (39/41: 95% vs. 25/41: 61%, p = 0.001). EOB enhancement ratios were decreased in parallel with the degree of differentiation in DNs and HCCs, although there was no difference between DNs and hypovascular well-differentiated HCCs. The diagnostic ability of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI for hypervascular HCCs less than 2 cm was significantly higher than that of MDCT. For hypovascular tumors, the detection sensitivity of hepatobiliary phase images of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI was significantly higher than that of dynamic Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI and dynamic MDCT. It was difficult to distinguish between DNs and hypovascular well-differentiated HCCs based on the EOB enhancement ratio.
    Journal of Gastroenterology 04/2012; 47(9):1036-47. · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent developments in imaging technology have enabled CT and MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) to provide minimally invasive alternatives to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for the pre- and post-operative assessment of biliary disease. This article describes anatomical variants of the biliary tree with surgical significance, followed by comparison of CT and MR cholangiographies. Drip infusion cholangiography with CT (DIC-CT) enables high-resolution three-dimensional anatomical representation of very small bile ducts (e.g. aberrant branches, the caudate branch and the cystic duct), which are potential causes of surgical complications. The disadvantages of DIC-CT include the possibility of adverse reactions to biliary contrast media and insufficient depiction of bile ducts caused by liver dysfunction or obstructive jaundice. Conventional MRCP is a standard, non-invasive method for evaluating the biliary tree. MRCP provides useful information, especially regarding the extrahepatic bile ducts and dilated intrahepatic bile ducts. Gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid-enhanced MRCP may facilitate the evaluation of biliary structure and excretory function. Understanding the characteristics of each type of cholangiography is important to ensure sufficient perioperative evaluation of the biliary system.
    The British journal of radiology 03/2012; 85(1015):887-96. · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to prospectively investigate the optimal dose of contrast medium for the depiction of hypervascular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) during the hepatic arterial phase (HAP), portal venous phase (PVP) and delayed phase (DP) of dynamic MDCT. The study included 128 patients, out of these patients, 36 patients were found to have 56 hypervascular HCCs. Sixty-three patients were assigned to receive a dose of 525mgI/kg with protocol A, and 62 received a dose of 630mgI/kg with protocol B. Measurements of the attenuation values of the abdominal aorta, portal vein, hepatic vein, hepatic parenchyma and HCC during the HAP, PVP and DP were taken. Tumor-liver contrast (TLC) was calculated from the attenuation value of the hepatic parenchyma and HCC. The aortic attenuation value with protocol B (351, 166, and 132HU) was significantly higher than that with protocol A (313, 153, and 120HU) during all the phases, (P<0.01 for all phases). The hepatic enhancement from unenhanced baseline with protocol B (25.2, 63.6, 50.6HU) was significantly higher than that with protocol A (20.2, 55.1 and 43.0HU) during all the phases, (P<0.01 for all phases). The TLC with protocol B (37.4, -11.8 and -13.6HU) was significantly higher than that with protocol A (28.0, -9.8 and -12.1HU) during HAP (P=0.042). The administration of 630mgI/kg of body weight depicts hypervascular HCC more clearly during HAP and shows sufficient hepatic enhancement of 50HU during DP.
    European journal of radiology 02/2012; 81(11):2978-83. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Detection, characterization, staging, and treatment monitoring are major roles of diagnostic imaging of liver cancers. Developments in multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) technology have increased the spatial and temporal resolution of CT to allow more precise evaluation of the hemodynamics of liver tumors and improve the diagnostic accuracy of dynamic MDCT. The high spatial and temporal resolutions of dynamic MDCT enable us to reconstruct 3-dimensional (3D) images that are very useful for pretreatment evaluation. Dynamic MR imaging with fast 3D T(1)-weighted gradient echo imaging sequence using nonspecific contrast medium can be highly sensitive for detecting hypervascular HCC. However, the use of gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA), a contrast medium specific to hepatic tissue, offers greater diagnostic ability and, so, has become essential to liver imaging. MR imaging with Gd-EOB-DTPA may replace CT during hepatic arteriography and CT during arterioportography.
    Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences 01/2012; 11(2):75-81. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To clarify the diagnostic ability of combining imaging methods to diagnose hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using Sonazoid®-enhanced ultrasound (US), gadolinium diethylene-triamine-pentaacetic acid-enhanced (Gd-EOB-DTPA) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT). A total of 32 patients who underwent surgical resection for HCC were studied. Sonazoid-enhanced US, Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI, CECT, and intraoperative contrast-enhanced ultrasonography were done for all patients. The definitive diagnosis of HCC in those patients was based on histopathological confirmation. A total of 50 histologically proven HCCs were obtained from 32 patients; their mean (± SD) age was 68.3 years ± 8.1. The mean (± SD) nodule size was 2.6 cm ± 1.9. Twenty percent were well-differentiated HCC, 64% were moderately differentiated HCC, 10% were poorly differentiated HCC, 4% were combined HCC and CCC, and 2% were HCC with severe necrosis. The overall diagnostic sensitivity of CEUS, CECT, and Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI was 72, 74, and 86%, respectively; however, there was no significant difference between the three imaging modalities in diagnosing typical HCC (p = 0.092). When combining the diagnostic ability of the different imaging modalities, the diagnostic sensitivity of Sonazoid-enhanced US and Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI was 90%, while addition of Sonazoid-enhanced US to CECT and CECT to Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI had a sensitivity of 82 and 88%, respectively. There was no significant difference between the three imaging combinations (p = 0.970). Sonazoid-enhanced US and Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI can be confidently used in daily clinical practice for the management of HCC.
    Oncology 01/2011; 81 Suppl 1:66-72. · 2.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Detection, characterization, staging, and treatment monitoring are major roles in imaging diagnosis in liver cancers. Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) using microbubble contrast agents has expanded the role of US in the detection and diagnosis of liver nodules in patients at high risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). CEUS provides an accurate differentiation between benign and malignant liver nodules, which is critical for adequate management of HCC and is also useful for guidance of percutaneous local therapy of HCC and postprocedure monitoring of the therapeutic response. The technology of multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) has increased spatial and temporal resolutions of computed tomography (CT). It has made possible a more precise evaluation of the hemodynamics of liver tumor, and the diagnostic accuracy of dynamic MDCT has improved. Perfusion CT can measure tissue perfusion parameters quantitatively and can assess segmental hepatic function. Dynamic MDCT with high spatial and temporal resolution enables us to reconstruct 3- and 4-dimensional imaging, which is very useful for pretreatment evaluation. Dual-energy CT makes possible the differentiation of materials and tissues in images obtained based on the differences in iodine and water densities. Monochromatic images, which can be reconstructed by dual-energy CT data, provide some improvement in contrast and show a higher contrast-to-noise ratio for hypervascular HCCs. Dynamic magnetic resonance imaging with fast imaging sequence of 3-dimensional Fourier transformation T(1)-weighted gradient echo and nonspecific contrast medium can show high detection sensitivity of hypervascular HCC. However, the hepatic tissue-specific contrast medium, gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid, has become an essential contrast medium for liver imaging because of its higher diagnostic ability. It may replace CT during hepatic arteriography and during arterioportography.
    Oncology 01/2011; 81 Suppl 1:86-99. · 2.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present a case of sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Although preoperative computed tomography (CT) scans demonstrated small lung and pleural nodules and mediastinal lymphadenopathy, these findings were not conclusive for metastases. Whole-body fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and CT (FDG-PET/CT) performed 15 days after right nephrectomy showed intense FDG uptake in the aforementioned lesions (lung and pleural nodules, mediastinal lymph nodes). Unexpectedly, focal increased FDG uptake was found in the right infraspinatus muscle. FDG-PET/CT was considered useful for evaluating distant metastases and thus portending the aggressive nature of sarcomatoid RCC.
    Japanese journal of radiology 03/2009; 27(2):111-4. · 0.73 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

45 Citations
43.39 Total Impact Points


  • 2011–2014
    • Kinki University
      • • Department of Radiology
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2009
    • Ehime University
      • Department of Urology
      Matuyama, Ehime, Japan