Ann-Marie Kassa

Uppsala University, Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden

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Publications (2)3.87 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Newborn infants with short bowel syndrome (SBS) represent a high-risk group of developing intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD), which may be fatal. However, infants have a great capacity for intestinal growth and adaptation if IFALD can be prevented or reversed. A major contributing factor to IFALD may be the soybean oil-based intravenous lipid emulsions used since the introduction of parenteral nutrition (PN) 40 years ago. This retrospective study compares the outcome in 20 neonates with SBS treated with parenteral fish oil (Omegaven) in combination with ω-6/9 lipid emulsions (ClinOleic) with the outcome in a historical cohort of 18 patients with SBS who received a soybean oil-based intravenous lipid emulsion (Intralipid). Median gestational age was 26 weeks in the treatment group and 35.5 weeks in the historical group. All patients were started on PN containing Intralipid that was switched to ClinOleic/Omegaven in the treatment group at a median age of 39 gestational weeks. In the treatment group, direct bilirubin levels were reversed in all 14 survivors with cholestasis (direct bilirubin >50 umol/L). Median time to reversal was 2.9 months. Only 2 patients died of liver failure (10%). In the historical cohort, 6 patients (33%) died of liver failure, and only 2 patients showed normalization of bilirubin levels. Parenteral fish oil in combination with ω-6/9 lipid emulsions was associated with improved outcome in premature neonates with SBS. When used instead of traditional soybean-based emulsions, this mixed lipid emulsion may facilitate intestinal adaptation by increasing the IFALD-free period.
    Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 01/2012; 36(5):587-95. · 2.49 Impact Factor
  • Ann-Marie Kassa, Helene Engstrand Lilja
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    ABSTRACT: The optimal management of neonates with gastroschisis is unclear, and there is a significant morbidity. We performed a review of neonates with gastroschisis treated at our center of pediatric surgery over the last 21 years to determine predictive factors of outcome. Single-center retrospective analysis of 79 neonates with gastroschisis (1989-2009) was done. Length of hospital stay (LOS), days of parenteral nutrition (PN), and survival were outcome measures. Univariate and multiple regression analyses were used. Overall survival was 92%, and primary closure was achieved in 80%. Median LOS was 25 days, and median duration on PN, 17 days. Intestinal atresia, closed gastroschisis, secondary closure, and sepsis were the primary variables associated with poor outcome independent of other variables, but prematurity also affected outcome. Route of delivery and associated malformations were not related to poorer outcome. Necrotizing enterocolitis did not occur in any of our patients. Outcome in our patients was favorable as measured by survival, LOS, and days on PN. Primary predictors of poor outcome were factors related to short bowel syndrome and secondary closure, indicating a need to further improve treatment of short bowel syndrome.
    Journal of Pediatric Surgery 11/2011; 46(11):2108-14. · 1.38 Impact Factor