Duosheng Luo

Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

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Publications (3)6.5 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective Our goal in this study aims to explain the polypharmacological mechanism at the molecular level responsible for the effectiveness of a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescription FTZ to treat hyperlipidemia and related disease. Design By MDL® ISIS_Base 2.5, we constructed a compound database based on the FTZ constituents, which were detected in the rat serum after oral administration of the TCM through ultra-performance liquid chromatography/quadruple-time-of-flight mass-spectrometry (UPLC/Q-TOF-MS/MS) method. After validation of the virtual docking system, we used molecular screening by LigandFit which is a computational method for the shape-directed rapid docking of ligands to target protein active sites, to investigate the interactions between the components in database and lipid-modulating targets in the liver. Results In the prescription FTZ ingredients, there were sixteen constituents including jatrorrhizine, etc. showed potential effects towards the hyperlipidemia-related targets: HMG-CoA reductase (HMGR), squalene synthase (SQS), oxidosqualene cyclase (OSC), cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP), liver X receptor (LXR), farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARα and PPARγ). Among the eight herbs in prescription FTZ, Rhizoma Coptidis (RC) plays the most important role in whole effect from FTZ on hyperlipidemia related disease. Conclusions Our research demonstrated that Chinese medicine formula FTZ has multi-target synergistic effect on hyperlipidemia and suggests the pharmacodynamic material basis could be jatrorrhizine, berberrubine, berberine and salidroside.
    Complementary Therapies in Medicine 08/2014; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study is to investigate the cholesterol-lowering effect and the new mode of action of coptis alkaloids on high lipid diet-induced hyperlipidemic rats. Coptis alkaloids extract (CAE) was prepared by alcohol extraction from Rhizoma Coptidis that have been quality-controlled according to the protocol. The cholesterol-lowering effect of CAE was evaluated on SD rats fed with high-lipid diet. Serum level of lipid, Bile acid and cholesterol in the liver and feces of the rats were measured using colorimetric assay kit. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to analyze the mRNA and protein expression of cholesterol metabolism-related genes including cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARα) and farnesoid X receptor (FXR) in the livers of the rats. A HPLC analysis was used to assess the activity of CYP7A1. The results showed that CAE reduced the levels of serum total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). CYP7A1 gene expression and its activity was up-regulated dose-dependently accompanying with the increased level of bile acid and the reduced cholesterol level in the livers of the CAE treated hyperlipidemic rats. Meanwhile, the mRNA expression of PPARα was also up-regulated in dose-dependent way accompanying the down-modulation of the FXR mRNA expression in the livers of the CAE treated hyperlipidemic rats. The results indicate that the cholesterol-lowering effect of coptis alkaloid extract is at least partly attributed to its promoting the cholesterol conversion into bile acids by up-regulating the gene expression of CYP7A1 and thus increasing its activity in the liver of the hyperlipidemic rats, which might related to the positive regulation of PPARα and the negative modulation of FXR.
    Phytomedicine: international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology 05/2012; 19(8-9):686-92. · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A rapid and sensitive UPLC/Q-TOF-MS method has been established for analysis of the constituents in rat serum after oral administration of Fufang Zhenzhu Tiaozhi (FTZ) capsule, an effective compound prescription for treating hyperlipidemia in the clinic. The UPLC/MS information of samples was obtained first in FTZ preparation and FTZ-treated rat serum. Mass spectra were acquired in both negative and positive ion modes. Thirty-six constituents in rat serum after oral administration of FTZ were detected, including the alkaloids, ginsenosides, pentacyclic triterpenes, and their metabolites. These chemicals were identified based on the retention time and mass spectrometry data with those of authentic standards or comparison of the literatures reports. Twenty-seven prototype components originated from FTZ and nine were the metabolites of the FTZ constituents. These results shed light on the potential active constituents of the complex traditional Chinese medicinal formulas.
    Chromatographia 02/2012; 75(3-4):111-129. · 1.44 Impact Factor