ABSTRACT: Organ transplantation itself inevitably activates the innate immune system by Toll-like receptors (TLRs), potentially leading to allograft rejection and graft failure. We evaluated the possible association of TLR2, TLR3, and TLR9 polymorphisms of donor-recipient pairs and acute rejection in renal transplant patients of North India. TLR2 (-196 to -174 del), TLR3 (c.1377C/T; rs 3775290), and TLR9 (+2848 G/A; rs 352140) were genotyped using DNA samples from 200 donor-recipient pairs of live donor kidney transplantation by applying Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) methodology. The variant allele frequency of TLR2 (-196 to -174 del) was significantly different between recipients and donors (7.5% vs. 5.0%; p = 0.049; OR = 3.9; 95% CI = 1.01-15.32). However, no significant association for allograft rejection was observed in transplant recipients for TLR3 and TLR9. Interestingly, a low prevalence of AA genotype of TLR9 + 2848 G>A was observed in rejecters when compared with non-rejecters, demonstrating protective association with allograft rejection (OR = 0.30, 95% CI = 0.12-0.88, p = 0.028). An allele in patients was also observed to be associated with higher rejection-free survival (log-rank = 0.044). These TLR gene polymorphisms, upon further evaluation, may be helpful in elucidation of immunobiological mechanisms associated with renal graft rejection.
Clinical Transplantation 01/2012; 26(4):581-8. · 1.67 Impact Factor